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[HOW TO] Fix QuickLook and Preview loading issues in Mojave

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Hi guys,

 

So, this little tutorial is meant to help people fix a new issue with Mojave: opening jpg files (looks like it happens with larger files, not so much with smaller ones) using Quick Look (on spacebar key pressed) or Preview app, using the dedicated GPUs.

The issue is that, when trying to open jpg files (for some reason, it doesn't occur with pngs), the pop-up window would remain in an endless loop. And from that point forward, any other app trying to open the same file will either become unresponsive (in the case of the Preview app) or just stay in endless loop (in case of Quick Look)

 

As a workaround, in case the tutorial below doesn't work for you, you can use Grab (built-in app in MacOS) to open said files.

 

This issue DOES NOT occur using the iGPU. So...if you're comfortable using the iGPU, just switch to that and you should be good to go. You don't need this tutorial.

 

This tutorial is based on @Cyberdevs' research and testing on this topic (especially useful if you're using an RX series AMD video card), and my own very limited time testing this on my rig. I just thought it would be useful to create a new thread for it so that people can discuss this particular issue here.


 

With that being said, I'll just move on to the actual tutorial.

 

New (probably better) method.

 

Switch your SMBIOS in Clover config in regards to the dedicated GPU you're using, instead of the CPU. Take a look here and choose the corresponding SMBIOS closest to your hardware.

Yeah, that's it.

 

In case you lose CPU PM with this method, there are multiple ways to fix that, and they do not make the object of this thread. :) It worked perfectly fine for me though and I didn't need to change anything else.

 

Alternatively, you can also try one of the MacPro SMBIOSes, such as MacPro5,1 or MacPro6,1. It was tested multiple times and it showed good results. 

Keep in mind that choosing these will most likely not show you an iGPU in System Report, since those machines generally (probably all of them) use Xeon CPUs with no iGPUs either.
 

/!\NOTE: There have been reports saying that using this method (switching SMBIOS to a MacPro one) with newer versions of MacOS may cause iTunes to crash.

So...keep that in mind and better try some of the other methods mentioned here.

 

A simple Lilu plugin

 

Thanks to vulgo for the plugin and @Matgen84 for sharing and testing it, we now have yet another possible solution to this issue. It's a Lilu plugin (which means that it requires Lilu.kext in order to work) it's called NoVPAJpeg, and it can be downloaded from here.

You use it as a regular kext, alongside Lilu. I prefer (and recommend) using it within the EFI folder, in Clover/kexts/Other. But if you want to use it in S/L/E, that should work just fine.

 

More info can be found in this post here.

 

UPDATE:

 

According to Vulgo, NoVPAJpeg.kext is now deprecated.

In case its functionality is needed, use WhateverGreen.kext and add the following boot arguments:

shikigva=32 shiki-id=Mac-7BA5B2D9E42DDD94

In case you wanna try alternative medicine :) ...

 

The main thing we need to do is actually very simple: we need to enable the iGPU (integrated GPU) by default, in BIOS, while actually being connected to the dedicated GPU.

 

For ATI GPUs (curtesy of @Cyberdevs' post here).

 

The discreet GPU should be set as primary in BIOS and your displays should be connected to your discreet GPU

The iGD/iGPU/iGFX must be enabled in BIOS/UEFI as the secondary GPU.

 

  1. I removed the DSDT
  2. Reconfigured the config.plist to and removed some flags which weren't needed because of the DSDT
  3. added the InjectATI + Ornioco Framebuffer (I removed the Orinoco framebuffer because of some weird glitches but it might be useful for other AMD GPUs if you inject the correct framebuffer according to your GPU. No need to inject anything for nVidia GPUs unless your GPU needs it)
  4. Added the InjectIntel + ig-platform-id for my intel HD530 (for intel HD 530 I use the 0x19120001 ig-platform-id)

 

Steps 5 to 7 might not be necessary I just did them anyway, if anyone succeeded to get quicklook working without those steps let me know so I can exclude those steps.

     Also confirmed to work with AMD R9 270
X on a SandyBridge rig (without an iGPU) using WhateverGreen + Lilu kexts, which also helped to solve the transparency issue along with the Quick Look problem, it also resolved the buggy Screen 
Capture (Command+Shift+5) issue as well. 

 

    Also, do:

  1. nvram cleanup
  2. kextcache & prelinked kernel rebuild
  3. reboot 

More info on that here.

 

 

For NVIDIA GPUs (tested on my old MSi GTX 650)

 

This is what I needed for my NVIDIA GPU and the MSI motherboard in the signature (*since then, I upgraded my GPU to my current RX 580). Your milage may vary, depending on your hardware. But, the idea should be the same regardless.

 

   For MSi motherboads (check out my motherboard details in the signature)

 

  1. Set your BIOS to use PEG (dedicated GPU) so you can boot.
    Since you're reading this, chances are that you're already connected to the dedicated GPU and the BIOS is set to PEG. So just go into BIOS and see if you're using the iGPU or the dedicated (PEG) graphics device by default.
    If you're already using this, skip to Step 3 (the part AFTER Reboot).
  2. Reboot (I think you don't necessarily need to boot into the OS...but you do need to reboot at least until Clover UI)
  3. Reboot back into BIOS and set it from PEG to IGD (integrated graphics) WITHOUT removing the cable.
  4. Save
  5. Reboot again.

 

   The result should be that the OS is tricked into thinking you're booting with the IGPU when in fact you're using the dedicated GPU.

 

   For Gigabyte motherboards

 

   Set:

  1. Peripherals -> Initial Display Output -> iGFX
  2. Chipset -> Internal Graphics -> Enabled
         DVMT Pre-Allocation -> default 64M.
         DVMT Total Gfx Mem -> default 256M
  3. Save
  4. Reboot

 

   You should do this with the cable connected to the dedicated GPU.

 

You will also need to patch the iGPU from Clover config.

1. Graphics -> Inject Intel (UNCHECK Inject Nvidia or ATI if it's checked).

2. ig-platform-id (in my case for Intel HD 4600 Desktop) it was: 0x0d220003

 

And use IntelGraphicsFixup.kext (now included into WhateverGreen.kext) in Clover/kexts/Other. In my particular case, without the kext, I would get freezes in Safari.

 

Another way to activate the iGPU while having the dGPU set as primary is by going into BIOS/SAG/Graphics Configuration/iGPU and setting Multi-Monitor to [Enabled], all the rest remains on [Auto], and set Inject/Intel to [True] in Clover config.*.

 

Thanks to @gjw for the tip.

 

*Motherboard dependent. But the multi-monitor option might be the same regardless of manufacturer.

 

 

This might be a bug with Mojave and it could be fixed by Apple in the future. but in the meantime, feel free to use this if it helps you fix the issue.

 

For HP motherboards (including laptops), so far no solution, unless the BIOS somehow allows to switch from dGPU to iGPU and vice-versa.

 

Cheers!

Edited by arsradu

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@arsradu

Thanks man for the nice and thorough guide :)

To add to your precious topic I have tested my AMD R9 270X on a SandyBrdige rig which has no iGPU but using WhateverGreen.kext + Lilu also helped to solve the transparency issue along with the Quick Look problem, it also resolved the buggy Screen Capture (Command+Shift+5) issue as well.

 

I needed to do a nvram cleanup, kextcache and prelikbedkernel rebuild after a reboot everything worked just fine.

So the conclusion is if the freamebuffer is load correctly none of those issues will happen.

 

Cheers :)

Edited by Cyberdevs

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any fix for those who cant enable from the bios their onboard graphics when a card is plugged in?

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2 hours ago, ricktm said:

any fix for those who cant enable from the bios their onboard graphics when a card is plugged in?

Any details on that? What happens when you try to enable it?

 

Also, some hardware information (preferably added to your signature) would greatly help in this case. :)

Edited by arsradu

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21 hours ago, arsradu said:

Any details on that? What happens when you try to enable it?

 

Also, some hardware information (preferably added to your signature) would greatly help in this case. :)

Oh, it just cant be done. my bios doesnt have that option, and i found this to be common with other HP boards. Sorry about the lack of hardware info, i thought adding it to my bio would have place it in my signature automatically. I'll look into adding it after this reply.

 

but its a HP 570-p010 w a i3-7100 kaby lake w/ Radeon RX 560 so i could get 4k with dual monitors 

 

edit: I want to add I have acceleration working, including dynamic backgrounds w/ dark theme. Everything works great except preview and quicklook.

 

 

Edited by ricktm

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16 minutes ago, ricktm said:

Oh, it just cant be done. my bios doesnt have that option, and i found this to be common with other HP boards. Sorry about the lack of hardware info, i thought adding it to my bio would have place it in my signature automatically. I'll look into adding it after this reply.

 

but its a HP 570-p010 w a i3-7100 kaby lake w/ Radeon RX 560 so i could get 4k with dual monitors 

 

 

Lol, are you serious? Well, remind me never to buy anything HP then. How the hell do you build a tower PC with no basic options like switching from Integrated (in your case Intel Graphics HD 630) to the dedicated GPU? What kind of BIOS is that? And what kind of motherboard is that? Sad, very sad.

 

Anyway, if they don't support that...sorry, no idea how to fix it. Since the entire fix is for you to be able to switch to iGPU while connected to the eGPU. If you can't do that...then it won't work.

Edited by arsradu

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alright, that was my feeling too, and its good to have that confirmation so i dont waste endless more hours trying.

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In the team of my firm everything works with Mojave, screenshot in video, preview jpeg large files and the only change made is the graph that I now use RX 560, in Bios I have disabled the integrated one because it is an i5 2400 (HD2500) not supported, sorry for the English use Google translator

 

Edit:

upppps, you were right, I did the test with another image format, thanks for the trick, although out of the preview the rest is perfect

Edited by surfcaster

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Thanks for this, I thought it was just a bug :lol:

On 7/15/2018 at 1:48 PM, arsradu said:

 

Steps 5 to 7 might not be necessary I just did them anyway, if anyone succeeded to get quicklook working without those steps let me know so I can exclude those steps.

I skipped those steps, everything seems to be working fine here

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On 7/16/2018 at 9:08 AM, arsradu said:

 

Lol, are you serious? Well, remind me never to buy anything HP then. How the hell do you build a tower PC with no basic options like switching from Integrated (in your case Intel Graphics HD 630) to the dedicated GPU? What kind of BIOS is that? And what kind of motherboard is that? Sad, very sad.

 

Anyway, if they don't support that...sorry, no idea how to fix it. Since the entire fix is for you to be able to switch to iGPU while connected to the eGPU. If you can't do that...then it won't work.

 

 

thanks for the motivation, just ordered a new mobo and case. 

 

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I am still having problems  with jpg images in preview and Quicklook using today’s Public Beta update.

 

 

Gigabyte Z370XP SLI, bios version F7

I5-8400

 

Bios settings:

DVMT Memory 64M, Total available: 256M

Primary graphics: IGPU

Internal Graphics Enabled

 

Gigabyte Aorus RX580 8GB

 

macOS 10.14 Public Beta Three: (18A336e), Clover version 4586

 

With the new update, Quicklook and Preview gained the ability to view TIFFs and play .mov files. Various kinds of camera raw images are NOT viewable in Quicklook or Preview, while the finder has always shown the thumbnails correctly for every kind of image filetype I have tried so far.

 

The QuickLook slideshow (select a bunch of images in the finder, then press the Option key - Spacebar combination) will not display jpgs in slideshow mode, but will display them at various large sizes in index sheet mode. Once an image is chosen though, the slideshow module crashes of course. Selecting a bunch of TIFFs only for the slideshow results in the slideshow module operating correctly, but it crashes in index mode once an individual image is chosen.

 

As far as transparency goes in Light Mode or Dark Mode, it seems to work,. The menu bar is slightly translucent in Light Mode, but it is there, the translucency is more apparent in Dark Mode. Safari now works with a bunch more media heavy websites than before.

 

At this point I am wondering if this issue is a problem with the frame buffer settings.

 

Using Inject Intel = true along with IntelGFX = 0x12345678, the hardware report shows I have Intel UHD Graphics 630, no kext loaded, no known vendor or device id

1689069897_InjectTrue0x12345678.thumb.png.808ccb6c58f88785374de3789a127281.png

 

Using Inject Intel = true along with IntelGFX = 0x0, the hardware report shows I have Intel UHD Graphics 630, Vendor: Intel, device id: 5912

1256849635_InjectTrue0x0.thumb.png.bd933b7b2362329a98b65f45af766cc3.png

 

Using Inject Intel = false along with IntelGFX = 0x0, the hardware report shows I have Intel HD Graphics CFL CRB, Vendor: Intel, device id: 3e92

225165487_InjectFalse0x0.thumb.png.7c8d449aff18978feb2a2f159e6859ed.png

 

 

I connected a monitor to the motherboard HDMI connector, and observed it though the boot process, it did not show the initial BIOS screen or the Clover screen, but did show the ‘wall of text’ — the list of complaints that apfs has about the superblock pointing to a jump place, but it was not started from there, then pauses until the main monitor screen attached to the GPU comes on with the login screen at which point the motherboard connected monitor goes to black screen. Which is why I think there may be a framebuffer issue going on.

 

Any ideas as to how to get Quicklook and Preview working?

 

Thank you for your help!

 

Edited by jerryy2
Added processor type

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Hmm... For AMD issues, I think @Cyberdevs might be able to help you better.

 

Intel 630 is Kabylake, right? Did you try to add the correct ig-platform-id? I think you might need iMac18,2/iMac18,3 SMBIOS and ig-platform-id 0x59120000.

 

Also, in case you don't already have that, I would also recommend using IntelGraphicsFixup kext in Clover/kexts/Other.

 

The thing is, for as far as I could tell from my limited time spent fiddling with this, you need to have the iGPU correctly set up first, before attempting this trick.

 

As I said, I'm not an expert in AMD cards. This might or might not help. But this is what I'd do first. Try to get the iGPU to work properly, boot properly and all that. After that, it should be only a matter of BIOS switch.

Edited by arsradu

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I have a Gigabyte board and it doesn't have a PEG switch. it only has PCIe 1. PCIe 2, PCI and iGFX. So I enabled PCI.

 

I enabled so that it uses iGFX in bios, dropped in the IntelGraphicsFixup kext and the .dSYM one. Enabled Inject Intel thingy in Clover I added ig-platform id of - 0x0D220003, because it's a Haswell processor with Intel 4600 on it. 

 

Still doesn't work :help:

 

Btw, the monitor I'm using on this older PC is not HDMI, but DVI.

 

Edited by iRipper

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29 minutes ago, iRipper said:

I have a Gigabyte board and it doesn't have a PEG switch. it only has PCIe 1. PCIe 2, PCI and iGFX. So I enabled PCI.

 

I enabled so that it uses iGFX in bios, dropped in the IntelGraphicsFixup kext and the .dSYM one. Enabled Inject Intel thingy in Clover I added ig-platform id of - 0x0D220003, because it's a Haswell processor with Intel 4600 on it. 

 

Still doesn't work :help:

 

 

1. please, add your complete hardware information to your signature. Believe me, it's worth it. We still don't know which dedicated GPU you're trying to use. And this issue does not occur with the integrated one.

2. PCIe IS your dedicated GPU. The point is to have the iGPU selected, while physically connected to the eGPU. So, I think you might want to enable iGFX instead.

3. you don't need any dSYM....anything.... Please, remove. You just need IntelGraphicsFixup.kext in Clover/kexts/Other

4. remove the serial numbers in your SMBIOS and RTvariables and upload your Clover folder for analysis.

 

Edited by arsradu

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6 minutes ago, arsradu said:

 

1. please, add your complete hardware information to your signature. Believe me, it's worth it. We still don't know which dedicated GPU you're trying to use. And this issue does not occur with the integrated one.

2. PCIe IS your dedicated GPU. The point is to have the iGPU selected, while physically connected to the eGPU. So, I think you might want to enable iGFX instead.

3. you don't need any dSYM....anything.... Please, remove. You just need IntelGraphicsFixup.kext in Clover/kexts/Other

4. remove the serial numbers in your SMBIOS and RTvariables and upload your Clover folder for analysis.

 

 

Thanks for taking your time to help me. 

 

This is an old machine with a Haswell i5-4570 I think. The mobo is Gigabyte Z87M-D3H. And the graphics is Nvidia GTX660.

 

Here's my compressed Clover folder.  

CLOVER.zip

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12 minutes ago, iRipper said:

 

Thanks for taking your time to help me. 

 

This is an old machine with a Haswell i5-4570 I think. The mobo is Gigabyte Z87M-D3H. And the graphics is Nvidia GTX660.

 

Here's my compressed Clover folder.  

CLOVER.zip

 

The reason why I'm asking for your hardware is because, believe it or not, we have the same CPU, and apparently a very similar dedicated GPU, as well (I'm using the GTX 650).

 

As I said, please, remove the dSYM bullsh*t from Clover/kexts/10.14. By the way, just so you don't have to switch from one folder to another with every new update of the OS (like for example when switching from 10.13 to 10.14), and if you don't necessarily need your kexts to be separated for each OS, I would strongly recommend you to use the Other folder instead.

 

Overall, your config looks pretty good. You don't need MOST of the stuff over there. It could be cleaner, but let's see if the issue is actually the config or something else. 

 

What happens when you switch your BIOS from PCI to iGFX (while still being physically connected to the GTX 660)?

Edited by arsradu

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^ If I switch to iGFX I need to plug the cable into the motherboard to be able to see the screen. It boots and it works, but I need the dedicated GPU, because I also use Windows on the same machine and sometimes my GF plays games on it. 

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9 minutes ago, iRipper said:

^ If I switch to iGFX I need to plug the cable into the motherboard to be able to see the screen. It boots and it works, but I need the dedicated GPU, because I also use Windows on the same machine and sometimes my GF plays games on it. 

 

Ok, so that's the thing we're trying to accomplish here.

 

Ideally, you should do something like this (and I don't see how it will affect Windows...):

1. boot into bios with the cable connected to the GTX card (to be able to see something).

2. switch to PCI

3. reboot (no need to boot until you reach the OS, but at least until you reach Clover UI screen)

4. reboot back into BIOS

5. set to iGFX (without removing the cable)

6. reboot

 

In theory, when doing this, the iGPU should still be enabled, although you're physically connected to the dedicated GPU (your GTX 660). And you should still be able to see something on your monitor. At least I can. But it might be different for your board. One thing is for sure: your iGPU (aka iGFX) needs to be enabled in BIOS.

 

I think Gigabyte boards might have some other option for the iGFX.... I just don't know where. And since I'm using an MSi board, this will be different.

 

I feel like, in your case, the board might have one an option for enabling/disabling the iGP completely, and another one for choosing the priority. I could be wrong though.

 

I'm kinda flying blindly here, since my motherboard only has one option.

Edited by arsradu

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If I switch to iGFX (Intel graphics is enabled and has 64mb) I can't see anything with the cable connected to the dedicated chip. I have to unplug the DVI cable from the GTX660 and into the Mobo, then I see the screen and it boots up. Quick Look and Preview still don't work btw. 

 

I'm sorry if it's confusing :wallbash:

 

P.S. Okay, so I enabled iGPU, but disabled any memory to it and selected to boot from it, while the cable is connected to the GTX660. It boots and only detects the 660, but Preview and Quicklook are still broken. 

Edited by iRipper

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22 minutes ago, iRipper said:

If I switch to iGFX (Intel graphics is enabled and has 64mb) I can't see anything with the cable connected to the dedicated chip. I have to unplug the DVI cable from the GTX660 and into the Mobo, then I see the screen and it boots up. Quick Look and Preview still don't work btw. 

 

I'm sorry if it's confusing :wallbash:

 

P.S. Okay, so I enabled iGPU, but disabled any memory to it and selected to boot from it, while the cable is connected to the GTX660. It boots and only detects the 660, but Preview and Quicklook are still broken. 

 

Wait, are you saying this doesn't work even when booting off of the iGPU (meaning set to iGFX in BIOS and also connected to it with the DVI cable)?

 

Cause, this might be something else. And, before anything, as I said before, I think you need to fix booting from the iGPU first.

 

From what you're saying, it seems like you're on the right path. But, still, if your iGPU is not correctly configured, this won't work.

 

Try the attached config_test.plist in your Clover folder. Reboot and select it from Clover -> Options -> Configs -> config_test.plist (so that it doesn't affect your main config).
Also, try to boot with your iGPU first and tell me if you encounter any issues and which issues.

config_test.plist.zip

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What I'm saying is that if I connect the cable to the iGPU and give it some memory to boot from, it'll boot and work fine. But Quick Look will not open JPG files even with the IntelFixupKext and all the entries in Clover config. Same with the 660. 

 

I can select the iGPU too and not give it any memory, then it automatically picks up the 660 and boots from it. It works, but QL is broken. 

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28 minutes ago, iRipper said:

What I'm saying is that if I connect the cable to the iGPU and give it some memory to boot from, it'll boot and work fine. But Quick Look will not open JPG files even with the IntelFixupKext and all the entries in Clover config. Same with the 660. 

 

I can select the iGPU too and not give it any memory, then it automatically picks up the 660 and boots from it. It works, but QL is broken. 

 

This is weird... You shouldn't have any issues opening jpegs with the iGPU. Did you remove those dSYM files and try the config I uploaded above? Any change?

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1 hour ago, arsradu said:

 

This is weird... You shouldn't have any issues opening jpegs with the iGPU. Did you remove those dSYM files and try the config I uploaded above? Any change?

 

Yay! :thumbsup_anim: That fixed it. I got Preview and Quicklook back! Thanks so much for your time and help. I can use this oldie for a little bit more, while the other one is doing the heavy lifting :weight_lift:

 

Thanks again! 

Edited by iRipper

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2 minutes ago, iRipper said:

 

Yay! :thumbsup_anim: That fixed it. I got Preview and Quicklook back! Thanks so much for your time and help. I can use this oldie for a little bit more, while the other one is doing the heavy lifting :weight_lift:

 

Thanks again! 

 

Welcome! So...what did you do that fixed it? The config or...?

 

I managed to take a look at a Gigabyte board (Skylake Z170 board). And I'm thinking yours might be similar. Still, I'm not sure which settings should be used here. But once I know which combination works, I can add it to the main post.

 

So...what did you do? :D

 

IMG_0334.thumb.jpg.cf1a3ccbfce7bff2aa96275a9b52d42a.jpg

IMG_0336.thumb.jpg.b41a18368127daaf7c4269b94b2a719f.jpg

 

 

 

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      Display brightness can be controlled with keyboard keys, but cannot be controlled with slider in Display settings. Graphics Power Management - AGPM loads (because 10de,0a29 device is injected), but there's no evidence that 3100m frequency and voltage is changing.
        What is NOT tested:
      Smartcard Reader eSata (I have this disabled in my BIOS) Firewire Port (it does appear in the Network settings, just haven't tried it) Microphone Jack PC Card Slot (I have this disabled in my BIOS)  
      What IS working:
      SLEEP IS WORKING! Everything else not mentioned above.   Speedstep/CPUPowerManagement is perfect, system temps are low, CPU multiplier operates as expected, battery life is long Shutdown is fast Display/graphics acceleration is perfect (thanks to DosDude's Mojave patcher) Brightness (adjusted with brightness keys on keyboard) works perfectly Battery Manager works (battery status is displayed in menu bar) simply by installing ACPIBatterManager.kext. Wi-Fi (after changing to Broadcom BCM94352HMB and installing AirportBrcmFixup.kext) Audio (volume adjustable, volume indicator appears in menu bar).  Switched to VoodooHDA from AppleALC after AppleALC caused slow boot due to "IOHDACodecFunction timeout." Ethernet port (with IntelMausiEthernet.kext) Broadcom BCM20702A0 Bluetooth (with BrcmPatchRam2.kext and BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext) Optical Drive External VGA (with corrected NVCAP.  Need NVCAP 04000000 00000100 0E000000 00000007 00000000 (credit: here) for working external VGA display. Headphone jack Display Port (tested using DP > HDMI adapter) Camera SD Card Reader  
      Known issues and their solutions (These issues have all been resolved, with the solutions incorporated into the attached config files.  The issues are listed here for historical purposes and no further work is needed unless stated otherwise).
      AAPL,clock-id and device_type do not appear in IORegistry for EHC1.  Solution is to use CLOVER on-the-fly patching/fixing/renaming for EHC1 and EHC2. ALPS trackpad performance is not good with the "standard" VoodooPS2Controller.kext that I initially used.  Switching to the "Refined ALPS TouchPad driver" is a big improvement.  I've implemented and tested this on my system.  The ALPS version of VoodooPS2Controller.kext mixes up a few keys.  Need to switch the Command and Option keys (System Preferences > Keyboard > Modifier Keys) and change keyboard type to ISO European. This configuration (captured in the attached config files) uses an injected device-id (10de,0a29) for NVidia 3100m to get AGPM to load.  While I haven't observed any performance differences, a better approach may be to inject AGPM properties for device 10de,0a6c (the actual device-id for the 3100m).  This AGPM method is discussed later in this thread.  I have briefly tested this "FakeSMC.kext method" for injecting AGPM attributes without any noticeable changes in laptop/graphics behavior. IOHWControl is not loaded under AGPM (Should be AGP > VID > NVDA,Display-A@0 > NVDATesla > AGPM > gpu-control > IOHWControl as viewed in IORegistryExplorer).  It is loaded on a real MacBookPro6,2 running Mojave and is loaded on this Dell Latitude E6410 running High Sierra.  If I "Inject NVidia" via CLOVER, IOHWControl loads properly. The Dell Latitude DSDT (BIOS A17) has a bug in Method (GNOT).  In the method, the expression  If (LOr (LGreater (OSYS, 0x07D0), LLess (OSYS, 0x07D6))) always evaluates to TRUE, so the patched DSDT has no dependency on the value of OSYS.  I suspect that LOr should be replaced with LAnd, so that this expression is TRUE for variants of Windows 2001 and False for any other OS.  While this may have no affect on MacOS, it makes one wonder how such an obvious bug made it through Dell QA and is still present in BIOS A17.  Also makes one wonder whether the sleep problem (which no one has solved) was fixed in Windows to address another DSDT bug. The assigned value of ACOS and OSYS in the DSDT are conditional on the operating system.  There is no condition for "Darwin."  The solution is to add a condition for "Darwin" (making it equivalent to one of the defined operating systems (e.g. Linux, Win7, etc).  The attached config hard-codes ACOS and OSYS values equivalent to those for Linux.  Another way to handle this (different from the method employed in the attached config files) might be to override _OSI with XOSI (defined in a custom SSDT). The portType of the Internal Bluetooth device is portType=0 which, according to Rehabman's comments in SSDT-UIAC-All.dsl, is an external USB 2 port.  This should be an internal USB port (portType=2).  I learned through trial and error that the HUB1 and HUB2 definitions in Rehabman's SSDT-UIAC-ALL.dsl apply to the ports on the EHCx USB hubs.  The solution is to include the HUB1 definition in SSDT-UIAC.dsl and change portType to 2 for HP15.  This change doesn't appear to affect/fix sleep, but it may prevent instant wake if we get sleep working. There are minor differences between a real MacBookPro6,2 IORegistry dump and this HackBookPro6,2 IORegistry dump that can be resolved with simple DSDT edits.  I am now running with these changes, but haven't found these changes to make any difference in operational behavior.
      Rename Device (AC) -> Device (ADP1) Remove UID from Device (HPET) Add compatible ID "PNP0C01" to Device (HPET) Change ADP1:_STA from 0x0F to 0xFFFFFFFF Enable Ambient Light Sensor and renamed to Device (ALS0) from Device (ALS) Add compatible ID "smc-als" to ALS0 Rename LID -> LID0 Change "name" definitions to Buffers in _DSM methods Rename Device (PBTN) to PWRB Rename Device (SBTN) to (SLPB) Change HDAU.hda-gfx from "onboard-1" to "onboard-2" Change GFX0.hda-gfx from "onboard-1" to "onboard-2" Sleep / Wake does not work with the basic DSDT edits.  I have discovered that Sleep / Wake can be made to work by adding discrete graphics _OFF and _ON methods to _PTS and _WAK methods respectively (borrowed the concept and code from a working E6430 DSDT: Credit here: https://osxlatitude.com/forums/topic/9248-working-sleep-on-intel-hd-and-nvidia-nvs-on-dell-latitude-e6430-optimus-enabled-or-disabled/page/6/. LCD screen is blank when waking laptop by opening lid (screen is not blank when waking with power button).  Solution is to add darkwake=8 to CLOVER boot args.  Thank you @Hervé for this tip.  
      Brief Installation Guide:
      Configure BIOS (version A17) as follows (leave default unless listed here): Boot Sequence: USB, Internal HDD, CD/DVD, Modular Bay HDD; Boot List Option: Legacy; Integrated NIC: Enabled; Parallel Port: Disabled; Serial Port: Disabled; SATA Operation: AHCI; Misc Devices: Enable Modular Bay, Camera, External USB, Microphone, Media Card and 1394; Latitude ON Reader: Disabled; Keyboard Illumination: Auto ALS and Input; Ambient Light Sensor: Enabled; OROM Keyboard Access: Disable; TPM Security: Disable; Computrace: Deactivate; CPU XD Support: Enable; Performance: Enable all options; Power Management: Disable Wake on AC, Disable Wake on LAN/WAN, Express Charge: Standard, Charge Behavior: Enabled; Keypad: Fn Key Only; Mouse/Touchpad: Touchpad/PS-2 Mouse; USB Emulation: Enable Legacy; Fn Key Emulation: Disabled; Fastboot: Thorough; Virtualization: Enable Intel Virtualization, Disable VT for Direct I/O, Disable Trusted Execution; Wireless Switch: Bluetooth and WLAN; Wireless Device Enable: Bluetooth and WLAN;  Create your MacOS installer USB (Use DosDude's Mojave Patcher for Mojave) (start with High Sierra and not Mojave if you're new to hackintosh). Install CLOVER (Legacy) on installer USB using attached EFI as your guide for patched ACPI, kexts and config.plist Install MacOS to your SSD.  When you run DosDude's Mojave Patcher, DO NOT install LegacyUSBInjector.kext - you're going to use Rehabman's USBInjectAll.kext.  Also, do not install the DosDude SIP kext (you're using CLOVER to manage SIP). Install the following kexts in /Library/Extensions:  ACPIBatteryManager.kext, AirportBrcmFixup.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext, BrcmPatchRAM2.kext, FakeSMC.kext, FakeSMC_ACPISensors.kext, FakeSMC_CPUSensors.kext, FakeSMC_GPUSensors.kext, FakeSMC_LPCSensors.kext, IntelMausiEthernet.kext, Lilu.kext, USBInjectAll.kext, VoodooPS2Controller.kext (the "Refined ALPS Touchpad driver," not the original), VoodooSDHC.kext (configured as shown here). Switch Command and Option keys to compensate for Refined ALPS driver issue (System Preferences > Keyboard > Modifier Keys).  Also change keyboard type to ISO European to fix the [ ` ~ ] key (to the left of the "1" (one) key. Install VoodooHDA Install HWMonitor application  
      Tips for Improved Performance (on this and other older systems)
      System Preferences > Spotlight > Search Results: Uncheck all options System Preferences > Spotlight > Privacy: Add all Volumes System Preferences > Accessibility > Display: Check "Reduce motion" System Preferences > Accessibility > Display: Check "Reduce transparency"  
      Other tips
      If your fan is always running and temps are good, try pressing Fn + z After applying Mojave updates, HWMonitor may not display discrete graphics attributes.  On systems with multiple displays, a second (or third display) may not be active after applying the Mojave update.  The solution to this is to run "sudo kextcache -i /" (in a terminal window) and reboot.  This will usually fix the issue.  If the issue is not fixed, run DosDude's Post Install Utility, apply the Legacy Graphics Patch, reboot and then run "sudo kextcache -i /" if necessary.

      E6410.zip
    • By FreqFeeder
      Hi there!
      I'm a newbie to the concept of installing a Mac OS on alternative hardware. Please bear with me
      I have a Lenovo Thinkpad x250 with 5th generation i7-5600U CPU, 16GB RAM, and Intel HD Graphics 5500. (I'd be glad to add any additional hardware details if needed)
      My goal is to have a dual boot machine - Mojave and Win 10. I have two separated physical drives.
      I've tried different methods, but none was stable to be operable.
      If anyone of you has the experience with this specific model it will be really great to hear your opinion.

      Thanks!
    • By verdazil
      This is not intended to be a complete and comprehensive installation guide. There are many installation guides on the forum and installing macOS is no different from installing on other desktop builds. Rather, this is supplemental information specific to the my hardware listed below. I hope you find this information useful and this will save you a little time.
       
      Hardware
      MB: Huananzhi X79-ZD3
      CPU: Intel® Xeon E5-2689, 1.2-3.6 GHz
      Chipset: Sandy Bridge-E Q65 (C600/C200)
      Memory: Samsung 4x8 Gb ECC/REG DDR3, 1866 MHz
      Video: Saphire Nitro+ Radeon RX 590
      Monitor: BENQ-BL2711U + LG TV 42LF650V
      SSD + HDD: NVMe M.2 Samsung 970 EVO 250 Gb + HDD Seagate 2 Tb
      WiFi: Fenvi FV-T919 BCM94360CD
      Mac model: MacPro6,1
      MacOS version tested: Mojave 10.14.6 (18G1012)
       
      What works?
      - Video: 4K x 60Hz on BENQ-BL2711U + Full HD x 60Hz on LG TV 42LF650V
      - Sound: audio jack + HDMI audio on both monitors
      - Wi-Fi (out of the box)
      - USB2 && USB3 ports
      - LAN
      - Bluetooth (out of the box)
       
      What does not work?
      - Sleep mode: not tested / I don't need
       
      BIOS Configuration, what's important:
      Bios Version: 4.6.5.4
      Legacy USB Support: [Enabled]
      XHCI Hand-off: [Enabled]
      EHCI Hand-off: [Enabled]
      USB Mass Storage Driver Support: [Enabled]
      Hyper-threading: [Enabled]
      Active Processor Cores: [All]
      Serial Port: [Disabled]
      Intel(R) VT-d : [Disabled]
      Launch CSM: [Enabled]
      Boot option filter: [UEFI only]
      Launch Storage OpROM policy : [UEFI only]
      Launch Video OpROM policy : [UEFI only]
       
      Here is what I used to install and configure the system:
      FakeSMC: make with Clover Builder https://github.com/Dids/clover-builder/releases Audio: https://github.com/vit9696/AppleALC Video: https://github.com/acidanthera/WhateverGreen/releases USB: https://bitbucket.org/RehabMan/os-x-usb-inject-all/downloads + PMHeart/DalianSky patches LAN: http://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/287161-new-driver-for-realtek-rtl8111/ CPU Power management: https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/324270-sandy-bridge-e-ivy-bridge-e-power-management-1013-appstore-release   Clover configuration:
      Clover version: v2.5k r5088
      You can get the configuration file and the necessary kexts from the link at the end of the message
      Note: you must insert your own SeralNumber && MLB && ROM && SmUUID in the config.plist file.
       
      How to use
      To make a bootable flash drive, you can use my EFI directory (link at the end of the message). Tested for Mojave 10.14.6 installation.
      https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tjbwuUWg_PlQCVt5PTRFG6HsNby_BcgN
    • By valueimagery
      Apologies ahead of time if this is in the wrong thread (please move to appropriate thread if necessary) as it applies to pre-installation and post-installation, Mojave and Catalina, motherboards, user preferences, but it's all related and I just had to get all this written down since it's all resolved...
       
      The issues:
      MOJAVE 10.14.6 2019 SECURITY UPDATE
      CATALINA 10.15.1 INSTALLER USB
      POST Mother Board UPDATE ISSUES
      UEFI Bootloader disappearing from BIOS boot menu/setup
      MAPS NOT WORKING/ CORRUPT USER/LIBRARY/CACHE
      GPT HEADER CORRUPTION AT BOOT
       
      This is my system which has worked flawlessly ever since 10.14.1 and automatic updates within the OS.
      10.14.6 iMac 18,3
      ASUS Rog Maximux X Code Bios v 2023
      Sapphire Nitro+ RX 580 Special Edition
      1 NVME System Drive, 1 x 1TB NVME Scratch Disk,  4 Internal 8TB HDD in raid 1+0, 4 x 3TB in a raid 5 setup with enclosure, 1 Backup System SSD, 1 2TB Time machine HDD (get to why I’m listing the drives later)
       
      Instead of making different posts for all of these issues that I’ve spent that past two weeks trying to solve (I almost gave up) I thought for anyone else out there experiencing one or any of the above issues you might find a solution in this thread.
       
      First let me say thanks to all the people out there in the various hackintosh communities (hackintoshers, tonymac, insanelymac, olarila, reddit) I researched every single one to find solutions for all these issues.
       
      Second, invest in Carbon Copy Cloner and make sure you make constant backups of your system drives.  Otherwise there would be no way to troubleshoot.
       
      So this all stemmed from not being able to update to Mojave 10.14.6 2019 Security Update released in November 2019.  
      My original post:
      Link removed:
      https://www.reddit.com/r/hackintosh/comments/e2naku/cant_update_mojave_to_security_update_2019001/
       
      There were plenty of different errors through troubleshooting:
      Kextdstall[1] (240s) ‘AppleACPICPU’
      or
      considerRebuildOfPrelinkedKernel com.apple.nke.webcontentfilter trigger rebuild
      or
      com.apple.xpc.launchd.domain.system
      <error>: Could not read path: path = /Library/LaunchDaemons, error=2: No suchfile or directory
      And
      IOG flags 0x3(0x51)

      IOConsoleUsers” gIOScreenLockState 3, hs 0, bs0, now 0, sm 0x0
      (The last two, still exist, but don’t stall/severely halt boot, and I’m not really sure if it’s an issue that needs to be addressed as I believe I’ve used the correct format of Device Properties to inject my framebuffer as a headless UHD 630 with 0x3E980003)
       
      Then once I managed to get past some of the installer stalls I always ended at “Installer resources were not found” prompting a restart and continuous loop cycle of no successful install.
       
      Then I tried making a bootable Catalina USB and couldn’t even install a fresh copy of 10.15.1 on a separate SSD.  Again getting errors in verbose mode that would stall and go no further.
       
      Then after cloning, and failing, and cloning and failing, changing bios settings, at some points my UEFI bootloader would completely disappear for my Samsung NVME 970 pro system drive.
       
      Was really getting frustrated, but was determined to fix it.  And here they are one by one in the order I Fixed them:
       
      Clover UEFI Bootloader Disapepared from Boot Menu
      So first I figured out what was going on with the UEFI bootloader disappearing.  I tried complete wipes of the APFS drive, Reinstalling Clover on the EFI partition.  Nothing.  Finally Found the solution here thanks to @chibabah
      Link removed:
      Tips:
      1)    If you have lots of connected drives use the Page Up and Page Down key to scroll through results of bcfg boot dump
      2)    Use Disk Utility or Terminal before hand to verify the exact UUID of your EFI system drive that has disappeared.
       
       
      Post Motherboard Update
      Now this seems to apply to a lot of people in the community who have updated and unknowingly couldn’t boot their system, or in my case, couldn’t update the current OS to the latest version.  This seemed to apply to my ASUS Maximus X Code v 2203.
      Thanks @mattystonnie for your ACPI patch found here:
      Link removed:
       
      Can’t Install fresh version of Catalina 10.15.1
      So after almost giving up on not getting the latest Mojave Security update, I wondered if Catalina would have the same issues.  Well it had different issues.
      Stall - Virtual IOReturn ionvmecontroller
      AppleACPICPU stalling
      Requiring EC device
      So I found this reddit thread thanks @dracoflar:
      https://www.reddit.com/r/hackintosh/comments/den28t/whats_new_in_macos_catalina/
       
      And applied the SSDTTime.command create by @corpnewt @noone @rehabman available here:
      https://github.com/corpnewt/SSDTTime
       
      The SSDT-EC.aml file it created from my DSDT.aml was the FINAL KEY in allowing the Catalina Installer to complete.
       
      Tips:
      1)    If you haven’t already created a SSDT before, for example a custom USB SSDT, it is placed in your EFI/Clover/ACPI/Patched/
      2)    In your config.plist under ACPI Check “AutoMerge” so that it is true.  This will automatically load any custom SSDT files from your patched folder.
       
      Apple Maps not loading
      This had been something that I had issues with before, more so with location services not working.  However, after several clones, and a succesful Catalina Install/User Migration, location services was fine, but Maps was a blank grey grid, couldn’t find an address, get directions, load satellite image.   Ended up being a corrupt User Library since other System Users had no issues using the application Maps.
      To fix this I used the following resources:
      https://appletoolbox.com/fix-corrupt-user-accounts-macos/
      1)
      Quit Maps
      Give Terminal Full Disk Access and the type:
      diskutil resetUserPermissions / `id -u`
       
      2)
      Deleting The Entire User Library Cache folder
      ~/Library/Caches
       
      3)
      Delete folder ~/Library/Containers/com.apple.Maps/
       
      4)
      Restart Mac.  All these caches and temporary folders will repopulated themselves and Maps should resume working.  
       
      Installing Mojave 10.14.6 2019 Security Update
      This by far is the craziest of them all.  Whether the above things I implemented to my EFI or config.plist actually played a part or not in it finally working I guess I’ll never know.  But it is finally solved.  Simply by unplugging all drives.  Appears to be an issue with real macs too:
      https://bartechtv.com/macos-could-not-be-installed-on-your-computer-error-when-installing-mojave-on-hackintosh/
      Link removed:
      Didn’t have to go the terminal route as some did in the tonymac thread above.
       
      So since I have A LOT of drives I simply turned off my external enclosure, physically unplugged by 2nd NVME scratch drive, and disabled the SATA connectors in the BIOS.
       
      Low and behold after two restarts the Security update completed without a hitch or stall.
       
      After install I re-enabled/ connected/turned on all my drives, an no issues.  
       
      This must be a Mojave issue as I didn’t need to do this when installing Catalina from a USB installer.
       
      GPT header corruption has been detected
      And lastly for anyone out there with an ASUS Maximus Motherboard that has updated to the latest BIOS.  There seems to be an issue with external drives plugged into the PC (mine is in the back USB C port)  During boot the PC can’t POST and forces user into setup.
       
      I know there is nothing wrong with the GPT partition as I’ve run multiple tests in windows and mac.  And it’s a known issue with other ASUS motherboard users:
      https://rog.asus.com/forum/showthread.php?114955-GPT-header-corruption
       
      Temporary Solution:
      Until a BIOS update addresses this, go to your BIOS settings
      BOOT\Boot Configuration
      And change the Boot Sector (MBR/GPT) Recovery Policy to “Auto Recovery”
       
    • By valueimagery
      Hello,

      Anyone else having issues with the latest security update 2019-001 10.14.6 for Mojave?

      Have never had issues updating since 10.14.2 in the past. But this once gets stuck on these last 4 lines:
      "
      Adding AGDP mode validate property
      iMac.local com.apple.xpc.launchd[1] (org.ntp.sntp.188) <Warning>: Servuce exited with abnormal code: 1
      considerRebuildOfPrelinkedKernel com.apple.nke.webcontentfilter trigger reguild
      Forcing CS_RUNTIME for entitlement: com.apple.rootless.install iMac.Local com.apple.xpc.launchd[1] (com.apple.displaypolicyd.200) <Warning>: Service exited with abnormal code: 1
      "

      The only way to boot is to force shutdown and overide boot from the system volume and bypass the Mac OS Install volume.

      Doing a bit of research from similar issues with users and security updates most boot problems are caused/resolved by fixing:

      Location of Kexts (virtualsmc in Clover's "/kexts/Other/", latest kexts installed with ##### in L/E/ with cache updated by Kext utility)
      The Injection of Kexts (i've tried both detect and inject = yes)
      Mismatched Kext (fakesmc + virtual smc both in use, which they are not)
      A bad config.plist (works booting the normal system voluem, i've attached)
      A graphic injector issue (currently using iMac18,3 + RX580 with the UHD630 in a headless state)
      Multiple Drivers Folder - The old clover /driversuefi64/ folder present and conflicting with the latest /drivers/uefi/ folder (only /drivers/uefi/ present)

      The only thing that is different from this update than previous updates is that I transitioned to VirtualSMC from previously using FAKESMC/ FAKESMCsensors kexts with previous Mojave releases.

      I uninstalled the FAKESMC and all the sensors kexts using terminal and the following command and can confirm they are not present in the Clover "other folder" or the /L/E/ folder.
      sudo rm -rf /Library/Extensions/".....".kext

      After transitiong to VirtualSMC I did read with the readme that the VirtualSmc.efi should be placed in the /drivers/UEFI/ folder in clover. So I have added that to the EFI/CLOVER/DRIVERS/UEFI/ folder manually. Can anyone confirm if this is necessary?

      I've attached my config.plist file and screenshots of the verbose readout stalling as well.

      Any guidance would be great!


      KEXTS I'VE INSTALLED IN /L/E/:
      WhateverGreen.kext
      VirtualSMC.kext
      USBInjectAll.kext
      SMCSuperIO.kext
      SMCProcessor.kext
      Lilu.kext
      IntelMausiEthernet.kext
      BrcmPatchRAM3.kext
      BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext
      BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext
      AppleALC.kext
      AirportBrcmFixup.kext
      configNOSN.plist


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