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Help! Tried to Duel Boot Hackintosh and can't get back to Windows because I messed up the boot drives with Clover!By jrbros1
So I have my Windows computer, used a USB with Clover setup to boot into Mojave OS that I installed on the SD card in the computer. The world was a great place and all was well!
Then I did the steps to partition the pc system to now include the additional drive that I would put Clover on. Here's where I messed up: Instead of directly copying over the full Clover folder into the EFI folder of the new drive (which just had the Boot & Microsoft folders in it), I replaced the EFI's boot folder with Clover's boot folder. So the EFI folder now contains a Microsoft folder, a Clover folder, and Clover's Boot folder only.
Now, I only can access the Clover boot up menu, the macOS, but no Windows at all. Even if I go into BIOS and pick Windows Boot Manager or Partition 1 for the start up, I get a black screen for both. I can still access the macOS as well as Shell, but I don't know what that does other than displaying all of the yellow text fly by..
Is there a kind soul out there that can help me get Windows back to boot? Keep in mind I'm a bit of a newbie here so laying out the common-sense steps would be helpful!
Thank you in advance!
I'm having a problem with BIOS. I hope someone can help me to fix it.
I was able to boot to Wins or Catalina with no issues with OC. When I tried to go to BIOS i got a black screen with white cursor, nothing else (you can see it on the video). I can move cursor until i click right/left button, it freeze.
After reboot i would boot to Wins/Catalina, no issue. My first guess was to reset CMOS by removing a battery. So i did it. And that was bad idea. After that i wasn't able to boot to any OS. I get that black screen because CMOS got reset. Probably there should be a screen with option to set time, date, etc, before you boot to OS. But, I dont see it. I tried to reset CMOS several times, removing the battery ot using a jumper. Nothing helped. I get the same result. I've noticed that resolution is much lower on my 27" screen (2K). Cursor can move to half of the screen, horizontally and vertically. So I started troubleshoot with other components.
1. I tried every RAM stick on each slot, same result. RAM works on another PC.
2. I tried to remove GPU and use iGPU (HDMI and DVI), same result.
3. I tried DP, HDMI, VGA with GPU, same result. (GPU works fine on another PC)
4. I tried to unplug everything, USB 2, USB 3, SSD's, same result.
The only thing i haven't tried yet is another power supply, just because i dont have one to test it.
Not sure what was the trigger because so far i was able to get to BIOS with no issue. The only thing that it comes to my mind is that a week ago I came across a software, Gigabyte EasyTune and I played with it. Ususallu, if I want to OC my CPU I do it from BIOS, never used any software. EasyTune did work and OC'ed my CPU and i rebooted my PC many times since then but i never tried to access BIOS until yesterday.
I hope you someone can give some tips of how to fix it. Not sure if BIOS got corrupted because of the software or not.
Do you want to quickly find your boot log, or ever wanted to know which version of bootloader is installed on your disk(s), had the need to dump your BIOS from OS X, just curious about your own system setup or been asked to provide your setup information to others when asking for assistance?
DarwinDumper is a useful collection of readily available tools, and scripts wrapped in an application framework giving you a convenient method to quickly gather a system overview of your hack or Mac. And rest assured that enabling the privacy option will mask sensitive data like the IOPlatformSerialNumber, IOPlatformUUID, IOMACAddress(s), USB Serial Number(s), SystemSerialNumber, serial-number, fmm-mobileme-token-FMM, MLB and ROM efi vars and CustomUUID in the dumped files and report.
Current Release Version: 3.1.1
The system dumps are saved to a folder or your choice, but defaulting to the same directory as the main application. You can choose to setup a symlink to make it simple to run DarwinDumper from the Terminal.
There is an option to create an html report showing a complete overview of the dumps. This report will mostly just contain the text dumps as you'll find in the main dump directory, but for some dumps there is extra processing to try to present the information in a better way. For example, the Disk Partitions and Unique ID's dump will show a visual map of the disk layout, and the DMI Tables (SMBIOS) dump will show the data split by table type.
Note: The html report does not contain all files from a complete dump so if seeking assistance for a problem and you wish to send someone a DarwinDump then you will want to send the complete dump directory and not just the .html report file.
The following can be read and dumped by DarwinDumper:
- ACPI tables.
- Audio codec and further info.
- Boot loaders and configuration files.
- CPU info.
- Disk partition structure / info.
- Disk sectors (hex).
- DMI (SMBIOS).
- I/O Kit Registry.
- EFI Memory Map.
- EFI vars (some).
- Kernel information
- Kexts - (list of currently loaded kexts).
- NVRAM (both Apple specific and UEFI firmware variables).
- SMC Keys.
- LSPCI (PCI vendor & device codes) dumps.
- Power (Sleep/Hibernate) settings.
- System Profiler.
- System BIOS.
- System Log(s).
- Video BIOS.
DarwinDumper is licensed under GNU General Public License, version 3.0 (GPLv3).
Copyright: Not Known. License: Not known Source: http://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/211294-information-on-vesa-modes-in-atinvidia-bios/ Alt Link: https://www.dropbox.com/s/dnp903x2z9pqf8k/AnalyseVBIOS.zip?dl=0 AppleIntelInfo Copyright: © 2012-2017 Pike R. Alpha. All rights reserved. License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Source: https://github.com/Piker-Alpha/AppleIntelInfo atomdis Copyright: Michael Larabel @ Phoronix.com License: GPL Version 2 Source: http://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=article&item=amd_atombios_dumper bgrep Copyright 2009 Felix Domke <email@example.com>. All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL <COPYRIGHT HOLDER> OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. The views and conclusions contained in the software and documentation are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing official policies, either expressed or implied, of the copyright holder. Source: https://github.com/tmbinc/bgrep bdmesg Copyright 2010 by Islam M. Ahmed Zaid. All rights reserved. License: GPL Version 2 Source: http://forge.voodooprojects.org/p/chameleon/source/tree/HEAD/trunk/i386/util/bdmesg.c Alt Link: https://sourceforge.net/p/cloverefiboot/code/1905/tree/CloverPackage/utils/bdmesg/bdmesg.c cmosDumperForOsx Created by rafirafi, revised extensively by STLVNUB License: Information not available Source: https://www.dropbox.com/s/bg1q0yho6g7u3xn/cmosDumperForOsxV0.1.zip?dl=0 csrstat Created by Piker-Alpha Copyright: © 2015-2017) by Pike R. Alpha License: Information not available Source: https://github.com/Piker-Alpha/csrstat dmidecode Original nongnu.org
License: GPL Version 2
Now updated and hosted by acidanthera Source: https://github.com/acidanthera/dmidecode dumpACPI Created by blackosx. Idea taken from PHPdev32's MacIASL. Source: https://bitbucket.org/blackosx/dumpacpi edid-decode Created by Adam Jackson, revised by Andy Vandijck License: Information not available Original Source: http://cgit.freedesktop.org/xorg/app/edid-decode Revised Source: https://www.dropbox.com/s/l0htffnqzs9e1vg/edid-decode.zip?dl=0 fdisk440 Apple Computer, Inc. License: APSL v2.0 Original Source: http://www.opensource.apple.com/source/diskdev_cmds/diskdev_cmds-491/fdisk.tproj/mbr.h Modified by Zef Source: http://forge.voodooprojects.org/p/chameleonApplications/source/tree/HEAD/trunk/fdisk.tproj Alternate Link: https://www.dropbox.com/s/odl9kp38j3flla5/fdisk440.zip?dl=0 FirmwareMemoryMap script Amit Singh (showbootermemorymap) Further development by bcc9 and dmazar License: Information not available flashrom http://flashrom.org/Flashrom License: GPL Version 2 Source: https://www.dropbox.com/s/gfmqx2t7lvofs1v/flashrom.zip?dl=0 getcodecid Copyright © 2012 AnV Software. All rights reserved. License: Information not available Source: https://github.com/Gengik84/getcodecid getdump Created by fassl?, modifications by Slice and AutumnRain? License: Information not available Source: https://sourceforge.net/projects/voodoohda/files/ gfxutil Copyright 2008 mcmatrix. All rights reserved. License: Information not available Historic detail can be found at forum.netkas.org Source: https://github.com/acidanthera/gfxutil iasl Copyright © 2000 – 2014 Intel Corporation. License: Information not available Source for v20200110: https://www.acpica.org/node/176 ioregwv Apple Computer, Inc. License: APSL v2.0 Original Source: https://opensource.apple.com/source/IOKitTools/IOKitTools-86/ Modified by blackosx Source: https://bitbucket.org/blackosx/ioregwv lzma Copyright © 2013 Igor Pavlov. License: GNU Lesser General Public License Source: http://www.7-zip.org/sdk.html This build by Slice at insanelymac.com: https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/311786-updated-lzma-utility-v1514/ lzvn Copyright: © 2014 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. License: APSL Credit: Piker-Alpha, Andy Vandijck, MinusZwei. https://github.com/Piker-Alpha/LZVN MacGap2 Created by Tim Debo. All rights reserved. License: MIT Source: https://github.com/MacGapProject/MacGap2 Macpmem driver (Macpmem.kext) Copyright © 2007-2011 Volatile Systems. Copyright 2013-2014 Google Inc. All Rights Reserved. License: GPL Version 2 Source Code: https://github.com/google/rekall/tree/master/tools/osx/MacPmem]https://github.com/google/rekall/tree/master/tools/osx/MacPmem nvram Apple Computer, Inc. License: APSL v2.0 Modified by blackosx Source: https://bitbucket.org/blackosx/nvram oclinfo Copyright © 2009 cmf License: GPL Version 2 Source: http://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/170796-opencl-info/ pciutils driver (DirectHW.kext) DirectHW is Copyright © 2008-2010 coresystems GmbH License: GPL Version 2 Source: https://github.com/CloverHackyColor/directhw Kext: Pre-built (Signed) Kext pciutils lspci Copyright © 1997--2008 Martin Mares License: GPL Version 2 Source Code: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/utils/pciutils/pciutils.git
RadeonDump Created by Dong Luo. Copyright 2008. All rights reserved. Modified by Andy Vandijck License: Information not available Source: http://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/282794-darwindumper/page__st__120?do=findComment&comment=1920068 Alt Link: https://www.dropbox.com/s/5drpckxlmaot732/RadeonPCI.zip?dl=0 radeon_bios_decode Created by Dong Luo. Copyright 2008. All rights reserved. License: Information not available Source: http://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/282794-darwindumper/page__st__120?do=findComment&comment=1920068 SMC_util_FansOnly Copyright © 2006 devnull License: GPL Version 2 Source: https://www.dropbox.com/s/ra9h6gbjj6yhgol/SMC_util_FansOnly.zip?dl=0 smcutil Copyright © 2006 devnull License: GPL Version 2 Source: https://www.dropbox.com/s/0dgvexijx4oewfr/smcutil.zip?dl=0 VoodooHDA.kext Created by fassl?, modifications by Slice and AutumnRain? License: https://sourceforge.net/p/voodoohda/code/HEAD/tree/tranc/License.h]https://sourceforge.net/p/voodoohda/code/HEAD/tree/tranc/License.h Source: https://sourceforge.net/p/voodoohda/code/HEAD/tree/]https://sourceforge.net/p/voodoohda/code/HEAD/tree/ x86info Written to succeed CPUID by Phil Karn (KA9Q). Contributed to by various people. OS X compatability by Slice License: GPL Version 2 Original Source: https://github.com/kernelslacker/x86info Revised Source: https://github.com/CloverHackyColor/x86info
Running DarwinDumper from the command line:
From Terminal, you can initiate DarwinDumper by running the following script directly.
/DarwinDumper.app/Contents/Resources/public/bash/script.sh To help with this, the UI has a Symlink option which you can click to create a symbolic link which points to the above script. DarwinDumper can then be subsequently run from the command-line by loading a new Terminal window and typing darwindumper followed by return.
$ darwindumper usage: [-a zip,lzma,none] [-d acpi,appleintelinfo,audio,biosSystem,biosVideo,codecid,cpuinfo,devprop,diskLoaderConfigs,bootLoaderBootSectors,diskPartitionInfo,dmi,edid,bootlogF,bootlogK,firmmemmap,memory,ioreg,kernelinfo,kexts,lspci,rcscripts,nvram,opencl,power,rtc,sip,smc,sysprof] [-h] [-l] [-o html,private] [-p 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8] [-v] Example:
$ darwindumper -l Will re-run the last dump used options.
Credits (in alphabetical order):
acidanthera team, Adam Jackson, Amit Singh, Andy Vandijck, Apple Inc., arsradu, bcc9, blackosx, cmf, DieBuche, dmazar, Dong Luo, droplets, ErmaC, Felix Domke, Google Inc., Intel Corporation, InsanelyDeepak, JrCs, Kabyl, Kynnder, Martin Mareš, mcmatrix, Michael Larabel, Mickey1979, phcoder, Phil Karn, Piker-Alpha, rafirafi, гык-sse2, Slice ,sonotone, STLVNUB, THe KiNG, Trauma, Volatile Systems, xsmile, !Xabbu.
DarwinDumper was originally inspired as an open project by Trauma, it has remained an open project and please keep it an open project, so if you make any changes or additions to it then please share your work here.
Please report any feedback, requests or bugs.
Known issues: v3.1.0
1 - When SIP File Protection is enabled, dumping disk partition info of non-APFS containers and disks which are not APFS physical stores may fail when running from DarwinDumper via the graphical interface. However, it's been known to succeed when using DarwinDumper from the command line. Something to do with osascript.
2 - lzma archive option has been known to fail on macOS 10.15 when running dumps requiring root privileges.
macOS Version support:
- v22.214.171.124 is for older macOS versions
- v3.0.4 requires OS X 10.9 and newer to run in the Finder, though it should work from the command line okay on older OS versions.
- v3.1.0 was updated for newer macOS versions and has been tested on 10.13 and 10.15.
Radeon RX 580 8 GB graphics card on macOS High Sierra (as of 10.13.6), Mojave and Catalina on the P55-USB3 board: excellent performance with acceleration (Metal) OOB, no need for drivers (kexts), with 3 drawbacks, one has to do with the boot of the operating system (a solution is proposed), another with the number of rear connectors enabled (a solution is proposed) and another that only affects to one phase of the Mojave or Catalina installation (without clear solution for now).
I have placed the XFX AMD Radeon RX-580 P8DFD6 8GB Triple X Edition GDDR5, 256BIT, DVI + HDMI + 3DP graphics card on a 10 year old motherboard (Gigabyte P55-USB3) in order to update the hackintosh to 10.14 Mojave and 10.15 Catalina because the card that I have used in past years, Nvidia Geforce GTX 750 1GB, has stopped working after 10.13.6 High Sierra since this was the last version for which Nvidia published the alternate web drivers that were necessary for the card to work well with graphic acceleration.
The new RX 580 card needs considerably more space than the old one although it fits perfectly in an ATX case, and requires an additional power connector. It has 2 big fans that most of the time are stopped, at least in my case. In macOS it works perfectly, even with Metal acceleration, without additional drivers and without extra settings in Clover. But it has drawbacks that I comment below.
Alterations during startup
During the boot of the operating system, when the screen goes from the basic driver to the AMD driver, 2 artifacts appear randomly, they are very short in duration (from one to a few seconds):
Very short flashing white screen that may or may not be accompanied by purple lines The fans runs for a few seconds (the noise is clearly audible). This behavior is solved with the installation of 2 kexts, Lilu and WhateverGreen. Lilu is an extension created by acidantheraand vit9696 among others whose function is to help to patch kexts, processes and libraries during macOS boot. It is accompanied by specific plugins for the task required, for example WhateverGreen that injects necessary patches for certain AMD, Intel and Nvidia graphics cards. It is mandatory to have both extensions together, one of them separately does not correct the problem.
I have installed Lilu 1.4.4 and WhateverGreen 1.3.9 in the EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other folder of the EFI partition and artifacts have disappeared. Remember that these 2 extensions are not necessary for the card to work properly, if you tolerate those very brief distortions of the screen or the noise of the fans running for a few seconds, you can live without Lilu and WhateverGreen.
Note: authors recommend that when using Lilu and WhateverGreen with Radeon cards, NO graphic settings have to be added to Clover (Inject ATI, etc.).
Note: these alterations, especially the brief white screen and less frequently purple lines and fan noise, are also seen in Windows and some real Macs with the same card.
Alteration during macOS installation
Boot from USB > Clover menu > Install macOS from Install macOS Catalina > screen works fine
Boot from USB > Clover menu > Install macOS from MacintoshHD > black screen
Booting from USB > Clover menu > Boot macOS from MacintoshHD > screen works fine.
In the first and third stages, screen works fine. In the second stage the screen goes black although the installation continues. The user has nothing to do at this moment so you can leave the PC working until the Clover menu is shown again, the screen is recovered, the initial account options can be configured and you can enter into the newly installed system with correct resolution and acceleration.
This behavior is not corrected even by placing Lilu and WhateverGreen into the USB device. At least in my case I have not found a solution for it. Yo can install macOS perfectly with that drawback of not seeing how it progresses during the second phase of the installation.
Only 2 connectors of the 5 available work
This card has 3 Display Port (DP) ports, 1 HDMI port and 1 DVI port. In my case, only 2 DP work, those that are further from the HDMI connector. It is enough if you use a single monitor or 2 monitors that can be connected by DP. But if you want to have 3 or more connected devices or some of them only have HDMI, it is necessary to enable the 5 connectors or at least 4 of them since the DVI is obsolete and does not allow resolutions as high as DP and HDMI.
User foxbox has proposed a solution in a thread titled [Solved] Sapphire RX 580 Nitro + SE | black screen on HDMI and DVI. Must inject from Clover a modification to the Orinoco framebuffer (which is used in the RX 580 card) so that the 5 connectors lack a fixedly assigned address and, instead, receive it dynamically. This change is made from the KextsToPatch section of Clover. Read the post from foxbox.
This has to be accompanied by 3 changes in the Graphics section of Clover: Orinoco in FB Name / Inject ATI / 5 in Video Ports. I have tested this solution in macOS Catalina and it effectively enables the 5 ports of the card but, since I only use 1 monitor, I have removed it and I am with Lilu and WhateverGreen.
The thread splitted from HWSensors3.
Tools to testing Radeon state.
How to load
sudo chown -R root:wheel ~/Downloads/RadeonPCI.kext sudo chmod -R 755 ~/Downloads/RadeonPCI.kext sudo kextutil -v ~/Downloads/RadeonPCI.kext and use RadeonDump utility
Commands to see temperature
./RadeonDump1 -n 6b0,c0300014
./RadeonDump1 -n 200,c0300014
./RadeonDump1 -r 714,7f4
Other possible methods to find a register for temperature
./RadeonDump1 -n 6b0,c0300e0c
./RadeonDump1 -n 6b0,1c5
./RadeonDump -n 6b0,d8200ca4
./RadeonDump -r 59800,59810
./RadeonDump -r 678,680
Latest solution RadeonMonitor.kext here
works for RX 460,480,580
not works for HD7790, R9 290X?
Here works also with HD7790, R9 290X
Support VEGA here
Version for test modern cards
Version for Catalina