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    • By miliuco
      macOS Catalina on: Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Elite motherboard + i3 9100 Coffee Lake processor + AMD Radeon RX 580 graphics card + fenvi FV-T919 WIFI and Bluetooth card + Clover r5121 + AppleALC, Lilu, VirtualSMC, XHCI-unsupported, IntelMausiEthernet, USBPorts and WhateverGreen.

      Hardware
       
      Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Elite motherboard: support for Intel 8 and 9 generation processors, Realtek ALC1220 audio, Intel I219V Ethernet, 4 PCI-E slots, 2, 3 and 3.1 USB ports, Intel Graphics 630 integrated graphics card 9th generation Intel i3 9100 processor Nox Hummer H-212 120mm CPU Fan Corsair Vengeance LPX 3200 MHz 16 GB RAM (2 x 8) AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB graphics card Wifi and Bluetooth Card Fenvi FV-T919 Mars Gaming MPII850 Power Supply (850W) Samsung EVO 860 SSD disk.
        What works well?

      Pretty much everything I've tried:
      Radeon RX 580: 3 DP ports and 1 HDMI port, output to 2 displays simultaneously Shutdown, reboot and sleep Integrated sound and HDMI sound output USB ports (2, 3 and 3.1) Enable TRIM for SSD drive AirDrop, Sidecar, etc.
        What is not working well?

      Integrated Intel UHD Graphics 630 card: see below.

      BIOS settings (version F9)

      I only write down the significant options, there are many other options that do not influence macOS and that you can configure to your liking (for example the LEDs on the board, etc.).
      XMP Profile: Auto / Profile 1 / Enabled (eXtreme Memory Profile, I use 3200 MHz memory and without this profile it works at 2600) Platform Power Management: Disabled VT-d: Disabled XHCI Hand-Off: Enabled Legacy USB Support: Enabled Network Stack: Disabled CSM: Disabled Secure Boot: Disabled Fast Boot: Disabled OS Type: Other OS Wake on LAN: Disabled Integrated Graphics: Auto Initial Display Output: PCIe 1 Slot DVMT Pre-Allocated: 256M or higher.
        EFI folder for Clover (installation USB stick / SSD disk with Catalina)

      SSDT

      Some SSDT.aml files in EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched.

      SSDT-DTPG.aml (helper module for SSDT)
      SSDT-EC.aml (USB power charge)
      SSDT-UIAC.aml (USB port mapping)
      SSDT-USBX.aml (USB port mapping)
      SSDT-PMC.aml got from OpenCore to have native NVRAM on Z390 mother boards
      SSDT-Z390-RP21-SLOT4-TB3HP.aml (Thunderbolt devices hot plug) it can be skipped.

      Drivers in EFI/CLOVER/drivers/UEFI

      ApfsDriverLoader.efi
      AudioDxe.efi
      DataHubDxe.efi
      FSInject.efi
      VBoxHfs.efi
      SMCHelper.efi
      OcQuirks.efi *
      OpenRuntime.efi *
      OcQuirks.plist *.

      * see OC Quirks below.

      Extensions in EFI / CLOVER / kexts / Other

      AppleALC.kext
      IntelMausi.kext
      Lilu.kext
      USBPorts.kext
      VirtualSMC.kext
      WhateverGreen.kext
      XHCI-unsupported.kext.

      NOTE 1: The USBPorts.kext extension along with 3 aml files included in patched folder (SSDT-EC.aml, SSDT-UIAC.aml y SSDT-USBX.aml) were generated by joanserramiret with the configuration of USB ports for this motherboard so that the limit defined by macOS of 15 ports is not exceeded. Leaves the system configured in this way:
      Enabled all USB2 ports that are not part of a USB3 port (1 internal for BT + 4 rear that are together + 2 on the front) Enabled the USB2 ports that are part of the 2 rear red USB3.1 ports Disabled the USB2 ports that are part of the 4 rear blue USB3 ports Enabled all USB3 ports except the internal one for USB type C connection. Summary: Rear blue ports do not recognize USB2 devices.

      NOTE 2: XHCI-unsupported.kext is required for XHC chipsets whose Device ID is not included in macOS. Depending on the USB driver of your board, it may be necessary to install some additional extension:
      8086: 8CB1 on macOS 10.11.1 or lower: XHCI-9-series.kext 8086: 8D31, 8086: A2AF, 8086: A36D, 8086: 9DED: XHCI-unsupported.kext 8086: 1E31, 8086: 8C31, 8086: 8CB1, 8086: 8D31, 8086: 9C31, 8086: 9CB1: FakePCIID.kext + FakePCIID_XHCIMux.kext. This board (generally Z390 chipset boards) carries the USB 3.1 controller with device ID A36D so the XHCI-unsupported kext is required. You can check your device ID at
      /System/Library/Extensions/IOUSBHostFamily.kext/Contents/Plugins/AppleUSBXHCIPCI.kext/Contents/Info.plist Config.plist file

      The differential options are:

      Acpi> DSDT: change HECI to IMEI / change SAT0 to SATA
      Acpi> Fixes: FixShutdown
      Acpi> Drop OEM_DSM
      Acpi> Drop Tables> DMAR / MATS
      Acpi> SSDT> PluginType selected (Plugin Type number blank)
      Acpi> Halt Enabler / FixHeaders

      Boot> Boot Arguments> slide = 0 / darkwake = 8

      Devices> USB> Inject / FixOwnership / HighCurrent
      Devices> Audio> Inject 11

      Kernel and Kext Patches> Apple RTC and KernelXCPM selected
      Kernel and Kext Patches> KextsToPatch> Name: com.apple.driver.AppleAHCIPort / Find: 40600200 / Replace: 00000000 / Comment: SATA hot plug
      Kernel and Kext Patches> KextsToPatch> Name: com.apple.driver.AppleAHCIPort / Find: 45787465 726E616C / Replace: 496E7465 726E616C / SATA orange icons

      SMBIOS> iMac19.1

      System Parameters> Inject Kexts: Yes / Inject System ID: selected.

      Quirks > select AvoidRuntimeDefrag – DevirtualiseMmio – EnableSafeModeSlide – ForceExitBootServices – ProtectUefiServices – ProvideConsoleGopEnable – ProvideCustomSlide – SetupVirtualMap – SyncRuntimePermissions and set ProvideMaxSlide = 0. *

      Set true DevirtualiseMmio and ProtectUefiServices in OcQuirks.plist file (recommended on Z390 mother boards).

      * see OC Quirks below.

      macOS Catalina install

      There are many publications with instructions so I will only comment on a few specific details.
      The installation USB memory must have a GUID partition scheme so that the board's UEFI can boot from it. I have prepared the USB with the createinstallmedia method + the application "Install macOS Catalina" in the Applications folder The device is USB 3 and, connected to the front USB 3 port, it performs the task quite quickly I have used Clover r5121 which is currently the latest version. The EFI folder of the installation USB can be the same as that of the hard disk with 2 differences: Acpi> SSDT> PluginType deselected and Acpi> Boot leave Default Boot Volume blank and Timeout -1 (so that no volume will boot automatically from the Clover menu). To mount the EFI partition (of the disk or the USB device) I have used Clover Configurator which makes this task very simple or the command line (diskutil), first finding out what disk and partition number is the EFI (diskutil list) and showing it later (mountdisk):
      sudo diskutil list
      sudo diskutil mountdisk / dev / disk2s3  
      RX 580

      Although my RX 580 card is a model from the XFX brand, known for using custom VBios and giving problems in macOS, in my case it seems to work well with Lilu and WhatEverGreen. Booting the operating system it does not show artifacts, the 3 DP ports and the only HDMI port work, you can send the image simultaneously to 2 screens (I have not tried more) with the usual duplication options, yo can send sound in addition to image to one TV by HDMI, during the installation of the operating system it works correctly provided that Lilu and WhatEverGreen are in the USB device, etc. GeekBench 5 Scores: Metal 50100 / OpenCL 44100. As a comparison, the integrated card does not reach 4800 in Metal.
      Regarding the hardware decoding of H264 and HEVC videos, the Hackintool tool and the VideoProc application report that it is not supported although the playback of files of both types with rates of up to 20 mbps is correct so I suspect that it actually encodes well. In order for hardware decoding to appear as supported in the commented applications, the integrated Intel Graphics 630 card must be enabled even if it is disconnected in headless mode (using the RX 580 card as primary sending image to the screen).
       


      Sound

      This board incorporates the Realtek ALC1220 chip that needs the AppleALC extension to work. AppleALC is a Lilu plugin so both must be properly installed.
      Note: Clover > Devices > Audio > Inject 11 or 13 or 15. I’ve tried several layouts and this are the only valid at least in my case.
      Some users have commented that the system does not load AppleALC and they have no sound despite having the extensions in EFI / CLOVER / kexts / Other. In these cases it can be successful to install AppleALC and Lilu in / Library / Extensions and rebuild the extensions cache with Hackintool (a very convenient way to do it) or with this Terminal command:
      sudo spctl --master-disable; sudo mount -uw /; killall Finder; sudo chown -v -R root: wheel / System / Library / Extensions; sudo touch / System / Library / Extensions; sudo chmod -v -R 755 / Library / Extensions; sudo chown -v -R root: wheel / Library / Extensions; sudo touch / Library / Extensions; sudo kextcache -i /  
      What this command does is disable Gatekeeper, mount the system disk in read / write mode, repair permissions on the extensions folders and rebuild the cache. But all of that is done by Hackintool with less work on our part.

      Ethernet

      This board carries the Intel I219V chip that works well with the IntelMausiEthernet extension.

      Wifi & Bluetooth

      I use a Fenvi FV T-919 mini PCI-E card that carries both wifi and bluetooth chips. This card works perfectly in macOS without needing anything other than placing it on the board because it is recognized as Airport Extreme and Bluetooth Apple. Has its own article on perez987.

      Disks

      Samsung EVO 860 SSD. It is a solid state disk with references to work well in Mac. In my case it works well, with a read speed of 430 and a write speed of 250. I have tried faster SSDs but they have given problems to install Catalina, instead with the EVO 860 everything has worked perfectly.

      Integrated graphics

      Integrated Intel Graphics 630 card: we can to make it work correctly by adding some properties in Clover's Devices tab. For it to work you have to:

      - enable it on the board as primary graphics: Initial Display Output IGFX instead of PCIe 1 Slot (actually this is the final step after modifying config.plist)
      - add in config.plist: Boot> Boot Arguments> igfxonln = 1
      - apply a patch (video and audio) in config.plist: Devices> Properties. It is easier to do it from the config.plist file in text mode than from Clover Configurator. With the file open as text find the lines
      <key>Audio</key> <dict> <key>ResetHDA</key> <false/> <key>Inject</key> <integer>11</integer> </dict>  
      Immediately above of them paste this text:
      <key>Properties</key> <dict> <key>PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1F,0x3)</key> <dict> <key>layout-id</key> <data>CwAAAA==</data> <key>model</key> <string>Cannon Lake HDMI</string> <key>hda-gfx</key> <string>onboard-2</string> <key>AAPL,slot-name</key> <string>Internal@0,31,3</string> <key>device_type</key> <string>Audio device</string> </dict> <key>PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x2,0x0)</key> <dict> <key>framebuffer-con0-busid</key> <data>AAAAAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con0-type</key> <data>AAgAAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con2-flags</key> <data>xwMAAA==</data> <key>model</key> <string>Intel UHD Graphics 630</string> <key>framebuffer-con1-busid</key> <data>AAAAAA==</data> <key>device-id</key> <data>kT4AAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con2-type</key> <data>AAgAAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con2-busid</key> <data>BAAAAA==</data> <key>device_type</key> <string>Display controller</string> <key>hda-gfx</key> <string>onboard-1</string> <key>framebuffer-patch-enable</key> <data>AQAAAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con1-type</key> <data>AAgAAA==</data> <key>AAPL,slot-name</key> <string>Internal@0,2,0</string> <key>AAPL,ig-platform-id</key> <data>BwCbPg==</data> <key>framebuffer-con2-enable</key> <data>AQAAAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con1-enable</key> <data>AQAAAA==</data> <key>framebuffer-con0-enable</key> <data>AQAAAA==</data> </dict> </dict> But the system crashes when comes out of sleep mode (the PC restarts after a few seconds of leaving sleep mode). This behavior occurs if the cable that comes out from the HDMI port on the motherboard (the only existing connector on this Mobo) plugs in a DisplayPort port on the monitor; if it plugs directly into another HDMI port (monitor or TV) the bug does not occurs and the PC goes in and out of sleep normally.

      Currently the only way to have the graphics card connected to a port other than HDMI without this crash is by replacing the "hda-gfx" property with "no-hda-gfx" in the above code of config.plist. The 2 lines
      <key>hda-gfx</key> <string>onboard-2</string> must be replaced by
      <key>No-hda-gfx</key> <data>AAAAAAAAAAA=</data> After adding this property, you will no longer have sound over HDMI / DP but sleep works very well.

      In summary:
      - Intel HDMI to DisplayPort monitor> has HDMI audio output but has kernel panic when coming from sleep
      - Intel HDMI to HDMI TV> has HDMI audio output and sleep works fine
      - Intel HDMI to DisplayPort monitor with "no-hda-gfx"> sleep works fine but HDMI audio output is lost.

      (based on the post "[GUIDE] General Framebuffer Patching Guide (HDMI Black Screen Problem)" by CaseySJ; thanks also to deeveedee for his help).

      This card can be left activated without connection to the monitor (headless mode) and apparently does not show any interference with the rest of the system.

      With the integrated card as the main card, the system shows enabled both graphics cards and allows to have a screen connected to the Intel 630 via HDMI and a different screen connected to the RX 580 via DP or HDMI, in this case the primary screen is that from the Intel and the other only works when the graphics driver is loaded but, once the system is up and running, the screens allow duplication options as if they depend on a single card.
       
       
       
       
       
      Evolution to Oc Quirks

      OC Quirks is an EFI driver for Clover that replaces AptioMemoryFix and all OsxAptioFix variants. It supports the OpenCore quirks model. AptioMemoryFix has evolved little in the most recent stage and is in a way becoming obsolete. Next versions of Clover will probably stop installing AptioMemoryFix and switch to OC Quirks which is evolving and receiving frequent improvements. You can read about this on the working group website: ReddestDream.

      Migrating our installation from AptioMemoryFix to OC Quirks is relatively simple:
      download the latest version of OC Quirks (search Releases, current version is 23) have a USB device that boots up properly to use in case of failure mount the disk's EFI partition delete AptioMemoryFix and any other OsxAptioFix variant add OcQuirks.efi, OpenRuntime.efi and OcQuirks.plist to Clover's drivers/UEFI folder change to true DevirtualiseMmio and ProtectUefiServices in the file OcQuirks.plist (recommended on boards with Z390 chipset) in Clover> Quirks config.plist file, check the boxes AvoidRuntimeDefrag - DevirtualiseMmio - EnableSafeModeSlide - ForceExitBootServices - ProtectUefiServices - ProvideConsoleGopEnable - ProvideCustomSlide - SetupVirtualMap - SyncRuntimePermissions and assign the value 0 to ProvideMaxSlide Restart the PC.  
      Kernel Panic with BIOS F10c if integrated graphics is enabled

      The Z390 Aorus Elite board comes with BIOS F9 with which the text of this post has been written.

      A few days ago I updated to the current version which is F10c and, since then, I have suffered a kernel panic with the forbidden symbol when going from the Clover menu to the macOS boot screen if the integrated card was enabled in BIOS. This happened regardless of whether the Intel UHD Graphics 630 card was set to Clover (fully for monitor output or headless mode for encoding) or not.

      Returning to BIOS F9 the system has returned to working as before and the kernel panic has disappeared. I can have the card enabled or disabled again in BIOS without problems.
       
      efi-quirks.zip
    • By lizdav
      Hi,
       
      I would like to ask for some advice or help even.
       
      I have had some usability issues in the past with my hackintosh so I installed Mojave for the second time but it keeps producing the same exact problem. Most of the time the system stutters and lags after login. The app icons just bounce if I want to open them and even if it does it takes forever. Another thing I picked up on is that it seems like there's no internet access whenever this occurs. The problem ceases after like 2-3 restarts and everything is back to normal. 
       
      What could cause an issue like this? I had the same thing happening with my previous install but I thought that was because of unnecessary kexts I left in the EFI. I only have the bare minimum required this time so I'm kinda lost.
       
      Computer specs:
       
      Mobo: Gigabyte B360M D3H
      Graphics: Radeon Vega 64 8OC
      CPU: Intel i7 8700k
      Ram: 32 Gig
      SSD: Samsung Evo 860 250gb
       
      I also have a separate HDD with Windows 10 installed for gaming purposes. I would greatly appreciate any kind of help, thanks in advance!
       
      –David
       
       
      config.plist
    • By Forzenny
      Hi there,
       
      I managed to install Mojave on my MSI GP62-6QE laptop with somewhat success. The only annoying thing left is that everytime I shut it down it seemingly kernel panics and I get the "Your computer has restarted because of a problem" at startup.
       
      I tried many different things such as removing emuvariablesuefi64, checking FixShutdown in CloverConfig but it seems the NVRAM is causing this issue.
       
      I have deleted the nvram file from the EFI partition but it seems stuck somewhere else, I can't clear out the nvram from the terminal or in single user mode as it returns a "Not permitted" error.
      Clearing out the nvram by pressing F11 at the boot menu screen works however.
      crashlog.rtf
    • By Cyberdevs
      Mac mini 2018 Hackintosh
       
      This guide will help you setup macOS Mojave on your Gigabyte BRIX GB-BSi3H/GB-BSi5H/GB-BSi7H series.
       
       
      The best macOS version that works flawlessly is macOS Mojave which you can get almost everything to work with not much effort.
       
      Main Specs:
      CPU: Intel® Core™ i3-6100U2.3GHz
       
      Memory: 2 x SO-DIMM DDR3L slots (DDR3 1.35V) 1600MHz Max. 16GB
       
      LAN: Gigabit LAN (Intel i219V)
       
      Wifi Card: Intel® Dual Band Wireless-AC 3165
       
      Graphics: Intel® HD Graphics 520
      HDMI Resolution (Max.) 4096 x 2160 @ 24Hz
      Mini DP Resolution (Max.) 3840 x 2160 @ 60Hz
       
      Audio: Realtek ALC255
       
      Expansion Slots:
      1 x M.2 slot (2280_storage)
      1 x PCIe M.2 NGFF 2230 A-E key slot occupied by the WiFi+BT card
       
      Front I/O:
      2 x USB 3.0
      1 x head phone Jack
      1 x Mic phone Jack
       
      Rear I/O:
      1 x HDMI (1.4a)
      1 x Mini DisplayPort (1.2)
      2 x USB 3.0
      1 x RJ45
      1 x DC-In
      1 x Kensington lock slot
       
      Storage:
      Supports 2.5” HDD/SSD, 7.0/9.5 mm thick (1 x 6 Gbps SATA 3)
       
       
      My Specs:
      Intel® Core™ i3-6100U2.3GHz Processor
      8GB PC3L-DDR3 RAM (2x4GB Samsung Memory Modules)
      1 Plextor 250 GB M.2 SATA SSD Disk Drive
      1 Samsung EVO 860 500 GB SSD
       
       
      What works:
       
      USB ports:
      All 4 USB ports work perfectly fine with no need for using the custom SSDTs.
       
      Audio:
      Realtek ALC255 Audio codec works with AppleALC.kext (with Lilu) using Layout-id=11 (Thanks to the acidanthera developers (AKA dortania)
      (you can also use these layout-ids: 11, 13,15, 86)
       
      Lan:
      Intel Gigabit LAN (Intel i219V) works with IntelMausiEthernet.kext (Thanks to @Mieze) and IntelMausi.kext fork by acidanthera
       
      Graphics:
      Intel HD 520 works with Whatevergreen.kext
       
      Wi-Fi and Bluetooth:
      Intel Bluetooth works OOB
      macOS Mojave almost supports everything except for Intel Wi-Fi card which can be fixed with itlwm.kext and Heliport application which were developed by OpenIntelWireless project developers (thanks guy/s or gal/s)
       
      Here is the list of supported Intel Wi-Fi adapters that will work with itlwn.kext and Heliport.
       
      About activating the Wi-Fi you need to run the Heliport application which replaces macOS’s built-in Wi-Fi menu and you can scan and connect to all the available Wi-Fi networks around you.
      You need to add the Heliport.app to “Login Items” under the Users & Groups in System Preferences for it to load with macOS.
       
      Another issue with the Intel Wi-Fi and the macOS that I encountered is that the Signal Strength drops but it hasn’t disrupt my network connectivity so far so it could be a bug.
       
      Sleep works fine with macOS Mojave but I had no luck getting it to work on Catalina and Big Sur (I didn't even try that hard to get it to work anyways because I like Mojave better lol).
       
      What not works:
      The only thing that doesn’t work is the AirDrop which is because of the Intel Bluetooth and Wi-Fi and if you replace the Wi-Fi+BT card with a supported Broadcom adapter will work eventually.
       
      Here is the list of macOS Compatible Wi-Fi adapters (thanks to dortania group for the details list)
       
       
      Thanks to the Clover Bootloader's developers; Thanks to the acidanthera team and everyone else in the Hackintosh community for their hard work and support.
       
      Here is the EFI folder with Clover r5121:
      Gigabyte Brix Mojave Clover r5121.zip
    • By fusion71au
      Making a High Sierra USB Installer Entirely From Scratch in Windows
      This is a proof of concept tutorial, to show it's possible to create a vanilla High Sierra installer, entirely from scratch, in Windows (even without App Store downloaded "Install macOS High Sierra.app" from a real Mac ).  @PikeRAlpha's link to Apple's Software Catalog provides us with all the URLs necessary to download the needed files directly from Apple instead of some dubious source from the internet...
       

      Pre-Requisites
      8GB or larger USB drive.  Edit: Recommend 16GB or larger for macOS Catalina 10.16 Boot Disk Utility v2.1.2017rev021b from @CVAD TransMac (free 15 day trial) Paragon Hard Disk Manager Free Download Installer Files Directly from Apple
      1)  Browse Apple's Regular Software Catalog and find the URLs to download the following 6 installer files...
      BaseSystem.dmg BaseSystem.chunklist InstallInfo.plist InstallESDDmg.pkg AppleDiagnostics.dmg AppleDiagnostics.chunklist (Hint - search page for "InstallESD" to find its URL and others nearby)

      to a folder named "SharedSupport" on your Windows NTFS drive.  A browser download manager (eg Chrono for Chrome, dTA for FireFox) is handy since InstallESD is >4GB ---> allows you to pause/resume interrupted download...

      2)  Rename InstallESDDmg.pkg to InstallESD.dmg
      3)  Edit InstallInfo.plist with WordPad/text editor to remove the chunklistURL and chunklistid keys for InstallESD, and renaming it from InstallESDDmg.pkg to InstallESD.dmg (example of edited file attached to this post)...
      Note:  You can verify the SHA1 checksum of your InstallESD.dmg and BaseSystem.dmg with the correct ones at this website.
      Boot Disk Utility to format the Installer USB and Restore OS X Base System HFS partition
      1.  Format USB with BDU & latest Clover ---> creates boot files in CLOVER partition + second FAT partition
      2.  Extract 4.hfs from \SharedSupport\BaseSystem.dmg with BDU --> save to it's local folder
      3.  Restore 4.hfs to USB second partition with BDU --->  2nd partition becomes bootable "OS X Base System"
      Paragon Hard Disk Manager to extend HFS Partition to its Full Extent
      Open Paragon Partition Manager Free and resize the second partition of the USB drive to the full size allowed.  Don't forget to apply the changes at the end...
      Transmac to Copy "SharedSupport" folder to OS X Base System
      1.  Open the TransMac program and navigate to the HFS+ Volume/Install macOS High Sierra.app/Contents folder.  Right click anywhere in the empty space on the RHS pane and select "Copy Here"...
      2.  In the next stage, select the "SharedSupport" folder we created above as the "Files and Folders to be copied to the Mac Volume"...
       
      Clover Settings
      Clover configuration is required now.  The default config.plist (in the Clover FAT32 partition of the USB) maybe sufficient to boot your machine if you’re lucky.  If not, the hackintosh-vanilla-desktop-guide has some good explanations on the various settings available and also offers sample configuration files based on CPU type.  Also, look at the Clover Wiki, Clover Instructions and Clover Configuration Thread for pointers and edit /EFI/Clover/config.plist accordingly with Wordpad or Notepad.
      The location of the important configuration files for Clover are summarized below
      config.plist--->EFI/CLOVER folder DSDT.aml with or without SSDT.aml--->EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched (don't need one if your DSDT is auto patched by Clover in config.plist) Kexts eg FakeSMC, NullCPUPowerManagement --->EFI/CLOVER/kexts/<osx version> or /Other. NB BootDiskUtility by default already has FakeSMC.kext installed here.  You may need to add VoodooPS2Controller for your laptop keyboard/trackpad to work. If UEFI booting, you will most likely need one of the OsxAptioFixDrv-64 drivers copied from /EFI/CLOVER/drivers-off/drivers64UEFI to /EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI. If you want to use the installer to run High Sierra in Windows on VMware, you can follow my guide to set up the Virtual Machine and replace Clover's default config with EFI_Clover for VMware (which is compatible to run in VMware).  In the screenshots below, I have attached the USB Installer (in this case PhysicalDrive7) to my macOS Virtual Machine.  Reboot the system to the USB installer to install High Sierra ...
      What happens if we don't have access to TransMac or Paragon Hard Disk Manager?
      Not a problem, as long as we get "OS X Base System" bootable, we can launch terminal from the Utilities Menu to copy the SharedSupport folder over to the Installer app.  In essence, we will build the full installer app = 5GB+ on the target HD eg "Macintosh HD", by copying both the "small" installer app = 15MB (on "OS X Base System") and the SharedSupport folder from the NTFS volume (mounted in this example on /Volumes/DATA)...
      -bash-3.2# cd / -bash-3.2# cp -R Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/ -bash-3.2# cp -R /Volumes/DATA/SharedSupport /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/  
      ...then start installation with the startosinstall utility...
      -bash-3.2# /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/startosinstall --volume /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD --converttoapfs NO --applicationpath /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app  
      The above steps can be automated with the attached "startosinstall.command" script, which will assemble "Install macOS High Sierra.app" on "Macintosh HD" and launch the startosinstall utility targeting the "Macintosh HD" volume.  Copy/download to "Macintosh HD", then run in terminal (after attaching DATA USB with /Shared Support folder)...
      cd "/Volumes/Macintosh HD" chmod +x startosinstall.command ./startosinstall.command Updated Download Links for macOS Mojave 10.14.6_18G103
      Browse Apple's Regular Software Catalog and find the URLs to download the following 6 installer files...
      BaseSystem.dmg BaseSystem.chunklist InstallInfo.plist InstallESDDmg.pkg AppleDiagnostics.dmg AppleDiagnostics.chunklist  
      Note: In Mojave, Apple has removed the --converttoapfs NO and --applicationpath arguments from the startosinstall utility....
       
      eg to use startosinstall for the above section "What happens if we don't have access to TransMac or Paragon Hard Disk Manager?", the syntax is now
      -bash-3.2# /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ Mojave.app/Contents/Resources/startosinstall --volume /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD  
      This basically means that for Mojave, the default installation will always convert the target volume to the apfs file system.
       
      Updated Download Links for macOS Catalina 10.15.6_19G73
      Browse Apple's Regular Software Catalog and find the URLs to download the following 6 installer files...
      BaseSystem.dmg BaseSystem.chunklist InstallInfo.plist InstallESDDmg.pkg AppleDiagnostics.dmg AppleDiagnostics.chunklist  
      startosinstall.command.zip
      InstallInfo.plist_edited_10.13.6.zip
      InstallInfo.plist_edited_10.14.6.zip
      InstallInfo.plist_edited_10.15.6.zip
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