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jackluke

APFS Recovery WORKING "fix" on any computer

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Premise: the following explanation is only to exploit the little APFS Recovery (less than 600 MB) embedded inside the APFS File System, so avoiding an external USB Installer, you can't reinstall macOS from here but use just the Utilities (Terminal, DiskUtility) in case of emergency, however as known from a Recovery Terminal can do a lot of things, especially troubleshooting an unbootable macOS.

 

To those who have installed Mojave on APFS file system with a GUID/GPT Scheme (I suppose it will work even on MBR scheme), I have managed to "fix" the "APFS Recovery Volume" to make it bootable from any computer (capable of HighSierra and Mojave) with USB input devices (trackpad, keyboard, USB mouse and so on) responsive, working wifi and everything else, just follow next steps, totally safe and harmless for any Mojave installation, after booting normally from your Mojave APFS Volume, launch Terminal and type:

diskutil apfs list
{locate your "APFS Recovery Volume" on diskXs3 [for an internal "APFS Container" is typically mounted on disk1s3]}

On APFS scheme the "APFS Recovery Volume" is tipically on the 3rd (hidden) partition.

diskutil mount diskXs3
open /Volumes/Recovery


landing on Finder, double click on the "random-numbers-letters" folder (it's the gpt UUID folder where Recovery stores itself), once inside rename these files:

prelinkedkernel into prelinkedkernelbackup
immutablekernel
 into immutablekernelbackup
PlatformSupport.plist
 into PlatformSupportbackup

Don't close this opened Finder window yet, once you renamed those 3 files, now you have to open a new Finder window, then from this new Finder window go into your Mojave path: /System/Library/PrelinkedKernels/

while inside this path copy the file prelinkedkernel into the previous Finder window exactly where you renamed those 3 files

 

lastly rename this fresh copied file from prelinkedkernel to immutablekernel

Now you have a working APFS Recovery Volume.
 

 

Note for those who use Clover bootloader in the config.plist you have to don't "Hide" the APFS Preboot and Recovery hidden partition, otherwise you can't use the APFS Recovery.

 

 

 

Edited by jackluke

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I have two identical laptops one I did the mod and the other have not.  I don't see any difference, and the difference is reinstall of Mojave from recovery correct?   I can start the installer from recovery on both laptops but have not gone any further than that.  So the one laptop I have not changed with this guide will fail to continue to reinstall or fail at some point of the install?

Edited by oSxFr33k

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On 10/15/2018 at 4:50 PM, oSxFr33k said:

I have two identical laptops one I did the mod and the other have not.  I don't see any difference, and the difference is reinstall of Mojave from recovery correct?   I can start the installer from recovery on both laptops but have not gone any further than that.  So the one laptop I have not changed with this guide will fail to continue to reinstall or fail at some point of the install?

 

I have specified on the Premise that the APFS Recovery is only for use the macOS Utilities in case of emergency, you can't re-install from that of course, because the re-installation from any macOS Recovery needs to download the full Installer through Internet from servers, and on a non-mac hardware is not advisable to re-install from there.

 

When you install Mojave in APFS, you will have almost always these partitions numbers (the diskXsY may change according to your internal disk partitioning):

 

EFI disk0s1
APFS Container disk0s2
APFS Container Scheme disk1
APFS Volume disk1s1 (used for HighSierra or Mojave)
APFS Preboot disk1s2 (used for FileVault 2 encryption)
APFS Recovery disk1s3 (used for Recovery and CMD+R)
APFS VM disk1s4 (used for sleep image)

 

Edited by jackluke

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I always had a working partition which was really helpful.But after changing HFS to APFS, I marked a issue.You can't repair (fast-aid) your OSX partition any more as it needs to unmount the complete APFS container instead of your OS X partition only. you can't unmount the APFS container as the recovery partition stays inside the same container. 

 

So no more disk repair or reinstall OS( I tried for both and they are not working anymore) . I am planning to move the recovery partition to outside APFS container without causing problem to findmymac feature. 

 

Please if you have already tested working fast-aid and os reinstallation successfully then let me know

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On 10/15/2018 at 3:50 PM, oSxFr33k said:

I have two identical laptops one I did the mod and the other have not.  I don't see any difference, audacity temp mail origin the difference is reinstall of Mojave from recovery correct?   I can start the installer from recovery on both laptops but have not gone any further than that.  So the one laptop I have not changed with this guide will fail to continue to reinstall or fail at some point of the install?

reinstallation successfully

Edited by dadi01

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I had a partition HFS+ with Sierra.Then I installed Mojave here and it converted the partition into APFS.

After some time I had to go to the Mojave Recovery Partition and reinstall the Mojave. No issue.

This requires at least two kexts in the Clover folder: FakeSMC and a kext for LAN to have internet access during recover.

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      Everything else not mentioned above.   Speedstep/CPUPowerManagement is perfect, system temps are low, CPU multiplier operates as expected, battery life is long Shutdown is fast Display/graphics acceleration is perfect (thanks to DosDude's Mojave patcher) Brightness (adjusted with brightness keys on keyboard) works perfectly Battery Manager works (battery status is displayed in menu bar) simply by installing ACPIBatterManager.kext. Wi-Fi (after changing to Broadcom BCM94352HMB and installing AirportBrcmFixup.kext) Audio (volume adjustable, volume indicator appears in menu bar).  Switched to VoodooHDA from AppleALC after AppleALC caused slow boot due to "IOHDACodecFunction timeout." Ethernet port (with IntelMausiEthernet.kext) Broadcom BCM20702A0 Bluetooth (with BrcmPatchRam2.kext and BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext) Optical Drive External VGA (with corrected NVCAP.  Need NVCAP 04000000 00000100 0E000000 00000007 00000000 (credit: here) for working external VGA display. Headphone jack Display Port (tested using DP > HDMI adapter) Camera  
      Known issues and their solutions
      AAPL,clock-id and device_type do not appear in IORegistry for EHC1.  Solution is to use CLOVER on-the-fly patching/fixing/renaming for EHC1 and EHC2.  This has been completed and tested, but does not fix the sleep behavior.  This fix is not reflected in the attached files. ALPS trackpad performance is not good with the "standard" VoodooPS2Controller.kext that I initially used.  Switching to the "Refined ALPS TouchPad driver" is a big improvement.  I've implemented and tested this on my system.  The ALPS version of VoodooPS2Controller.kext mixes up a few keys.  Need to switch the Command and Option keys (System Preferences > Keyboard > Modifier Keys) and change keyboard type to ISO European.  The updated VoodooPS2Controller.kext is not reflected in the attached files. This proposed configuration uses an injected device-id (10de,0a29) for NVidia 3100m to get AGPM to load.  While I haven't observed any performance differences, a better approach may be to inject AGPM properties for device 10de,0a6c (the actual device-id for the 3100m).  This AGPM method is discussed later in this thread.  I have briefly tested this "FakeSMC.kext method" for injecting AGPM attributes without any noticeable changes in laptop/graphics behavior and have not updated attached files to reflect this change. IOHWControl is not loaded under AGPM (Should be AGP > VID > NVDA,Display-A@0 > NVDATesla > AGPM > gpu-control > IOHWControl as viewed in IORegistryExplorer).  It is loaded on a real MacBookPro6,2 running Mojave and is loaded on this Dell Latitude E6410 running High Sierra.  If I "Inject NVidia" via CLOVER, IOHWControl loads properly.  I have made this change and am testing it on my system, but have not updated the attached configuration files. The Dell Latitude DSDT (BIOS A17) has a bug in Method (GNOT).  In the method, the expression  If (LOr (LGreater (OSYS, 0x07D0), LLess (OSYS, 0x07D6))) always evaluates to TRUE, so the patched DSDT has no dependency on the value of OSYS.  I suspect that LOr should be replaced with LAnd, so that this expression is TRUE for variants of Windows 2001 and False for any other OS.  While this may have no affect on MacOS, it makes one wonder how such an obvious bug made it through Dell QA and is still present in BIOS A17.  Also makes one wonder whether the sleep problem (which no one has solved) was fixed in Windows to address another DSDT bug. The DSDT patch that duduclx refers to as "Intel GMA Ready" in his El Capitan Guide is not applied correctly to the DSDT attached to this post.  Somehow, the contents of patched _DSM are located in the PCI0.VID device instead of in Method (_DSM) within the PCI0.VID device.  MaciASL didn't complain about this, so it went unnoticed, but it doesn't appear to have had any affect.  I have completely removed this "Intel GMA Ready" patch from my DSDT since it is not necessary for Dell Latitude E6410's with NVidia 3100m, but have not updated the attached DSDT. The assigned value of ACOS in the DSDT is conditional on the operating system.  There is no condition for "Darwin."  The solution is to add a condition for "Darwin" (making it equivalent to one of the defined operating systems (e.g. Linux, Win7, etc), analogous to the assignment of OSYS.  I made this change in my DSDT (not yet reflected in the attached files), but have not observed any behavioral differences (sleep or otherwise).  EDIT: Another way to handle this might be to override _OSI with XOSI (defined in a custom SSDT).  Still learning about XOSI and haven't yet drawn a conclusion.  I'm currently experimenting with ACOS and OSYS equivalent to Win7 and Linux (manually patched in my DSDT which has not yet been updated as a new attachment to this post). The portType of the Internal Bluetooth device is portType=0 which, according to Rehabman's comments in SSDT-UIAC-All.dsl, is an external USB 2 port.  I believe that this should be an internal USB port (portType=2).  My custom SSDT-UIAC.dsl is wrong.  I just learned through trial and error that the HUB1 and HUB2 definitions in Rehabman's SSDT-UIAC-ALL.dsl apply to the ports on the EHCx USB hubs.  The solution is to include the HUB1 definition in SSDT-UIAC.dsl and change portType to 2 for HP15.  I have not attached an updated SSDT-UIAC.aml to this first post, but my current EFI includes an updated SSDT-UIAC.aml with ports HP15, 16 17 and 18 set to internal (portType = 2).  This change doesn't appear to affect/fix sleep, but it may prevent instant wake if we get sleep working. There are minor differences between a real MacBookPro6,2 IORegistry dump and this HackBookPro6,2 IORegistry dump that can be resolved with simple DSDT edits.  I am now running with these changes, but haven't found these changes to make any difference in operational behavior.  These changes are not reflected in the attached DSDT.
      Rename Device (AC) -> Device (ADP1) Remove UID from Device (HPET) Add compatible ID "PNP0C01" to Device (HPET) Change ADP1:_STA from 0x0F to 0xFFFFFFFF Enable Ambient Light Sensor and renamed to Device (ALS0) from Device (ALS) Add compatible ID "smc-als" to ALS0 Rename LID -> LID0 Change "name" definitions to Buffers in _DSM methods Rename Device (PBTN) to PWRB Rename Device (SBTN) to (SLPB) Change HDAU.hda-gfx from "onboard-1" to "onboard-2" Change GFX0.hda-gfx from "onboard-1" to "onboard-2" Sleep / Wake does not work with the basic DSDT edits.  I have discovered that Sleep / Wake can be made to work by adding discrete graphics _OFF() and _ON() methods to _PTS and _WAK methods respectively (borrowed the concept and code from a working E6430 DSDT: Credit here: https://osxlatitude.com/forums/topic/9248-working-sleep-on-intel-hd-and-nvidia-nvs-on-dell-latitude-e6430-optimus-enabled-or-disabled/page/6/.  I currently have sleep working on my Latitude E6410 and am continuing to test it.  The solution is documented later in this thread, but files are not yet attached to this first post. After applying Mojave updates, HWMonitor may not display discrete graphics attributes.  On systems with multiple displays, a second (or third display) may not be active after applying the Mojave update.  The solution to this is to run "sudo kextcache -i /" (in a terminal window) and reboot.  This will usually fix the issue.  If the issue is not fixed, run DosDude's Post Install Utility, apply the Legacy Graphics Patch, reboot and then run "sudo kextcache -i /" if necessary.  
      Brief Installation Guide (for the experienced Hackintosher):
      Follow duduclx's guide for BIOS config Create your MacOS installer USB (Use DosDude's Mojave Patcher for Mojave) (start with High Sierra and not Mojave if you're new to hackintosh). Install CLOVER (Legacy) on installer USB using attached EFI as your guide for patched ACPI, kexts and config.plist Install MacOS to your SSD.  When you run DosDude's Mojave Patcher, DO NOT install LegacyUSBInjector.kext - you're going to use Rehabman's USBInjectAll.kext.  Also, do not install the DosDude SIP kext (you're using CLOVER to manage SIP). Install the following kexts in /Library/Extensions:  ACPIBatteryManager.kext, AirportBrcmFixup.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext, BrcmPatchRAM2.kext, FakeSMC.kext, FakeSMC_ACPISensors.kext, FakeSMC_CPUSensors.kext, FakeSMC_GPUSensors.kext, FakeSMC_LPCSensors.kext, IntelMausiEthernet.kext, Lilu.kext, USBInjectAll.kext, VoodooPS2Controller.kext (the "Refined ALPS Touchpad driver," not the original) Switch Command and Option keys to compensate for Refined ALPS driver issue (System Preferences > Keyboard > Modifier Keys).  Also change keyboard type to ISO European to fix the [ ` ~ ] key (to the left of the "1" (one) key. Install VoodooHDA Install HWMonitor application  
      Tips for Improved Performance (on this and other older systems)
      System Preferences > Spotlight > Search Results: Uncheck all options System Preferences > Spotlight > Privacy: Add all Volumes System Preferences > Accessibility > Display: Check "Reduce motion" System Preferences > Accessibility > Display: Check "Reduce transparency"  
      Other tips
      If your fan is always running and temps are good, try pressing Fn + z

      CLOVER.zip
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