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[SUCCESS] Asrock H370M-ITX/ac and getting RX560 to work with Intel graphics for full hardware acceleration on Mojave (and maybe High Sierra 10.13.6)By macinsane
Mojave (and maybe High Sierra 10.13.6) on Asrock H370M-ITX/ac and getting RX560 to work with Intel graphics for full hardware acceleration
Core i7 8700, UHD 630
Gigabyte Radeon RX560
Wifi/BT BCM943602BAED (DW1830) M.2
Samsung PM961 NVMe SSD
*This guide requires you to know the basics, meaning how to create a macOS install drive, installing and using Clover. There are great beginners guides out there! As always you need at least FakeSMC to boot, every other kext I’ve used is mentioned in the guide. For Mojave beta you need to be enlisted with your Apple-ID in Apple’s beta programme. What is described here may work for High Sierra 10.13.6, but I doubt it to be reliable. Even in early beta status (PB3) Mojave runs much more stable and smoother than High Sierra ever did for me.*
The board comes with BIOS version 1.20, there is an update 1.50 on the Asrock website. Usually it is good to stay updated but in this case I’ll recommend to stay on 1.20, because the 1.50 version seems to be unstable and I had restarts upon wake and things like that I couldn’t get fixed even with dsdt patches. So I just downgraded to 1.20 which runs fine.
Settings needed: Just the usual. Disable fast boot and security boot (everything Windows-related), disable vt-d and enable XHCI hand-off. Activate multi monitor support and set VRAM to 64MB to activate the Intel IGPU. From what I’ve read most people recommend 128MB but I find the 64MB setting to be more reliable, getting artifacts with settings below or above 64MB. 128MB may be needed for 4k support, though. As for nVidia users: You may have to disable the Intel graphics. I’m using an AMD card and that is the brand to go these days since Apple decided to work with AMD
Clover and power management:
I recommend upgrading to 4586. It seems that Aptiomemoryfix is now working with H370 chipsets. I stayed on OsxAptiomemoryfix2 together with Emuvariable and it works. Feel free to experiment.
For power management with your CoffeeLake cpu you can just tick plugin type within Clover or compile a ssdt with Pikeralphas script. Mojave reports my cpu correctly as Core i7 since PB3, before that it is just “Unknown” but that is just cosmetic.
This is the worst part. Getting the Radeon to run correctly alongside the Intel graphics took me weeks to figure out.
While RX570 and 580 run out of the box in most cases, the RX560 models often do not or at least not correctly. Apple even banned them from eGPU use. For my approach you cannot use “Whatevergreen.kext”, it simply didn’t work for me the way I needed it. Instead I added some fixes to my DSDT to set the correct number of ports used (DP, HDMI, DVI) and tell macOS to use the correct frambuffer. For those who are not into dsdt editing I added my DSDT, look at the “PEGP” section how it is done. This works for the RX560 using the “Acre” framebuffer, you can replace it with “Radeon”, that works too. Other cards need a different framebuffer and a different number of ports. You can do it! BTW: Do not buy this Gigabytecard!!! It has some weird VBIOS on it, which caused me nightmares before I got the card to work! Buy a Sapphire card instead, they are used by Apple too.
To get full hardware acceleration for encoding videos you have to have the Intel graphics enabled alongside your AMD card. Problem is, you cannot have it running simply as a second graphics card but you’ll need to “hide” it, means telling macOS that it doesn’t have any display connectors. Otherwise you’ll have screen artifacts or in the worst case just constant crashes. This can be done by adding a certain ig-platform-id in Clover. If you use 59120003 the Intel graphics will not show up in system profiler but it is there. You can check it with iStats or HWMonitor or look if the Kaby Lake graphics kexts are loaded. This ID makes the CoffeeLake UHD 630 to be recognized as a Kaby Lake gpu that has no display ports, is just used as a helper card.
You’ll need it as a helper card for video encoding. That is what Intel graphics are used for in Macs, to support video encoding on the hardware side. You can check if hardware encoding is supposedly enabled by using MacX Video Converter Pro and VDADecoderChecker. If both say “yes” and “fully supported” this is a good start. But despite the widespread belief this doesn’t mean everything is set correctly! You now have to find out, how to get both cards working together. This is the moment where you have to choose between work and fun: Are you using FinalCut Pro for video editing or are you planning to use iTunes for entertainment? Up until this day (Mojave PB3, High Sierra 10.13.6) you cannot have both working correctly! I’ll show you how it is done both ways.
The best settings for Final Cut:
Use the DSDT I’ve added with the respective AMD settings for the RX560 or modify them for your graphics card.
Use SMBIOS for iMac17,1 (14,2 does work but picture over DP port is ugly, iMac 18,1/2/3 do not work) in Clover.
Have AppleIntelKBLGraphicsFramebufferInjector_3e9x.kextin your Clover/kexts/Other folder.
Until Mojave PB2 (may work on High Sierra 10.13.6):
Fake-ID 3E928086 plus ig-platform-id 59120003
These are the correct setting when installing Mojave (usually you will start with PB1 as the full installer).
For Mojave PB3 and higher:
Fake-ID 59128086 plus ig-platform-id 59120003
After upgrading to PB3 you will get a black screen with 3E92 fake id because PB3 introduces Coffee Lake kexts and macOS will use these kexts instead but that doesn’t work with our ig-platform-id. So you can download the update to PB3 but before installing it you’ll need to change the fake-id to a usual Kaby Lake id. While this didn’t work in High Sierra and the first two Mojave betas (meaning you didn’t get full hardware encoding) it is now magically working with PB3. It is safe to remove AppleIntelKBLGraphicsFramebufferInjector_3e9x.kext after upgrading to PB3.
The best setting for iTunes and why it is the worstfor Final Cut:
Just do the same thing as for FinalCut, put Shiki.kext into your Clover/kexts/other folder and add -shikigva boot argument. You can use -shikigva=1 or 2 or 12 it will work either way. Now you can watch movies with iTunes, yay! But it has some sideeffects. You cannot use this setting when seriously editing with Final Cut.
While this works by tricking macOS to use the IntelGraphics to play protected video content, it doesn’t seem to be the way real Macs are doing this. As soon as you open FinalCut you will notice (check this with iStats or HWMonitor) that the Intel graphics is not or only barely utilized, instead cpu usage skyrockets, indicating that slow software rendering is used instead of hardware encoding through Intel graphics. To make it worse the Radeon still “thinks” there is an Intel graphics helping so it does not run at highest potential. You may never notice it when using HD material with 24 or 25p because it still fast enough for that. But 50p or 4k material will most likely cause stuttering. I was astonished when I had stutters while previewing my 50p material, impossible to watch it. Thinking: What is wrong? I have a freaking i7 8700 plus RX560! Even my old hackbook with HD4000 is doing better!
Wifi and Bluetooth
I swapped the Intel Wifi card that was coming with the mainboard plugged into the onboard M.2 port with a compatible Dell card. The DW1830 or BCM943602BAED. The wifi part runs out of the box, but if you want the card to appear as Apple AirportExtreme and set the country code according to your country you need to put FakePCIID_Broadcom_WiFi.kext into Clover/kexts/other and add some Clover kext-to-patches by PMHeart.
Find: 75166644 3BA3581A 0000750C 4183FE04 7406
Replace: 66906644 3BA3581A 00006690 4183FE04 6690
Comment: AirPortBrcmNIC - PCIe in 10.13.x
Find: 4183FCFF 7435488D 55D0
Replace: 66C70644 45EB348D 55D0 (*this is for DE country code, change for your need)
Comment: BCM4352-Country Code
Bluetooth will work thanks to Rehabman’s kexts. You’ll need BrcmPatchRAM2.kext and BrcmFirmwareData.kext OR BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext. The Data.kext can be injected through Clover, just throw it into the kexts/other folder, the Repo.kext has to be installed in /Library/Extensions on your mac drive, it won’t work with Clover. I had issues with the Data.kext, Bluetooth was gone on every second or third reboot. The Repo.kext is more reliable, haven’t had any issues yet. I really don’t like the kexts to be installed in my system but I guess I have to live with it for the time being.
Oh, handoff and continuity don’t work, doesn’t matter that system profiler shows them as enabled. At least it works in one way: the mac can handoff Safari pages to my iPhone, but not the other way around. Documents opened on my phone show up in the dock, but they are not loaded.
This issue is around since at least High Sierra and from what I’ve read Rehabman is not going to fix this, because he founds this features not worth it. I have to disagree, these are very convenient and valuable features if you work with desktop, laptop and tablet in different situations, I miss this capability very much!
Audio works with Lilu.kext plus AppleALC.kext and you need to inject Layout ID=1 in Clover. For Mojave use the boot setting -lilubetaall to force the kexts to load. If you like to have DP or HDMI audio add a HDAU device to your dsdt (see mine for reference).
Credits go to this great community! I hope I mentioned everyone in this guide whose insights made this hack possible. If I have forgotten someone please let me know!
ho recentemente acquistato un ssd crucial mx500 (arrivato stamattina) e non ho idea di come trasferire il sistema operativo e clover dal mio attuale wd black 500 (2.5" che ho preso da un portatile a caso in casa) su questo nuovo ssd per vedere se questo rende il sistema più reattivo, sul sito crucial dicono solo come copiare i dati e os sul disco ma niente (ovviamente), cosa devo fare per sostituire bootloader, os, programmi e dati su questo nuovo disco? Ho in dualboot win 10 pro (che avvia da un altro 128gb ssd) quindi posso usare anche programmi da win, da una distro linux o da pennetta, non ho usato un granchè osx in quanto l'hdd credo lo renda lento quindi non sono molto esperto in queste cose su osx
Inoltre mi conviene rimanere su hfs+ o usare apfs come file system?
Making a bootable High Sierra USB Installer Entirely From Scratch in Windows or Linux Mint (without access to Mac or App Store Installer.app)By fusion71au
Making a High Sierra USB Installer Entirely From Scratch in Windows
This is a proof of concept tutorial, to show it's possible to create a vanilla High Sierra installer, entirely from scratch, in Windows (even without App Store downloaded "Install macOS High Sierra.app" from a real Mac ). @PikeRAlpha's link to Apple's Software Catalog provides us with all the URLs necessary to download the needed files directly from Apple instead of some dubious source from the internet...
8GB or larger USB drive Boot Disk Utility v2.1.2017rev021b from @CVAD TransMac (free 15 day trial) Paragon Hard Disk Manager Free Download Installer Files Directly from Apple
1) Browse Apple's Regular Software Catalog and find the URLs to download the following 6 installer files...
BaseSystem.dmg BaseSystem.chunklist InstallInfo.plist InstallESDDmg.pkg AppleDiagnostics.dmg AppleDiagnostics.chunklist (Hint - search page for "InstallESD" to find its URL and others nearby)
to a folder named "SharedSupport" on your Windows NTFS drive. A browser download manager (eg Chrono for Chrome, dTA for FireFox) is handy since InstallESD is >4GB ---> allows you to pause/resume interrupted download...
2) Rename InstallESDDmg.pkg to InstallESD.dmg
3) Edit InstallInfo.plist with WordPad/text editor to remove the chunklistURL and chunklistid keys for InstallESD, and renaming it from InstallESDDmg.pkg to InstallESD.dmg (example of edited file attached to this post)...
Note: You can verify the SHA1 checksum of your InstallESD.dmg and BaseSystem.dmg with the correct ones at this website.
Boot Disk Utility to format the Installer USB and Restore OS X Base System HFS partition
1. Format USB with BDU & latest Clover ---> creates boot files in CLOVER partition + second FAT partition
2. Extract 4.hfs from \SharedSupport\BaseSystem.dmg with BDU --> save to it's local folder
3. Restore 4.hfs to USB second partition with BDU ---> 2nd partition becomes bootable "OS X Base System"
Paragon Hard Disk Manager to extend HFS Partition to its Full Extent
Open Paragon Partition Manager Free and resize the second partition of the USB drive to the full size allowed. Don't forget to apply the changes at the end...
Transmac to Copy "SharedSupport" folder to OS X Base System
1. Open the TransMac program and navigate to the HFS+ Volume/Install macOS High Sierra.app/Contents folder. Right click anywhere in the empty space on the RHS pane and select "Copy Here"...
2. In the next stage, select the "SharedSupport" folder we created above as the "Files and Folders to be copied to the Mac Volume"...
Clover configuration is required now. The default config.plist (in the Clover FAT32 partition of the USB) maybe sufficient to boot your machine if you’re lucky. If not, look at the Clover Wiki, Clover Instructions and Clover Configuration Thread for pointers and edit /EFI/Clover/config.plist accordingly with Wordpad or Notepad.
The location of the important configuration files for Clover are summarized below
config.plist--->EFI/CLOVER folder DSDT.aml with or without SSDT.aml--->EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched (don't need one if your DSDT is auto patched by Clover in config.plist) Kexts eg FakeSMC, NullCPUPowerManagement --->EFI/CLOVER/kexts/<osx version> or /Other. NB BootDiskUtility by default already has FakeSMC.kext installed here. You may need to add VoodooPS2Controller for your laptop keyboard/trackpad to work. If UEFI booting, you will most likely need one of the OsxAptioFixDrv-64 drivers copied from /EFI/CLOVER/drivers-off/drivers64UEFI to /EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI. If you want to use the installer to run High Sierra in Windows on VMware, you can follow my guide to set up the Virtual Machine and replace Clover's default config with EFI_Clover for VMware (which is compatible to run in VMware). In the screenshots below, I have attached the USB Installer (in this case PhysicalDrive7) to my macOS Virtual Machine. Reboot the system to the USB installer to install High Sierra ...
What happens if we don't have access to TransMac or Paragon Hard Disk Manager?
Not a problem, as long as we get "OS X Base System" bootable, we can launch terminal from the Utilities Menu to copy the SharedSupport folder over to the Installer app. In essence, we will build the full installer app = 5GB+ on the target HD eg "Macintosh HD", by copying both the "small" installer app = 15MB (on "OS X Base System") and the SharedSupport folder from the NTFS volume (mounted in this example on /Volumes/DATA)...
-bash-3.2# cd / -bash-3.2# cp -R Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/ -bash-3.2# cp -R /Volumes/DATA/SharedSupport /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/
...then start installation with the startosinstall utility...
-bash-3.2# /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/startosinstall --volume /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD --converttoapfs NO --applicationpath /Volumes/Macintosh\ HD/Install\ macOS\ High\ Sierra.app
The above steps can be automated with the attached "startosinstall.command" script, which will assemble "Install macOS High Sierra.app" on "Macintosh HD" and launch the startosinstall utility targeting the "Macintosh HD" volume. Copy/download to "Macintosh HD", then run in terminal (after attaching DATA USB with /Shared Support folder)...
cd "/Volumes/Macintosh HD" chmod +x startosinstall.command ./startosinstall.command Updated Download Links for macOS Mojave 10.14beta
Browse Apple's Public Beta Software Catalog and find the URLs to download the following 6 installer files...
BaseSystem.dmg BaseSystem.chunklist InstallInfo.plist InstallESDDmg.pkg AppleDiagnostics.dmg AppleDiagnostics.chunklist