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This thread for installing Catalina on the Dell Latitude E6410 WITH NVIDIA GRAPHICS (BIOS A17, NVidia 3100m) will help you install a fresh installation of Catalina on your Dell Latitude E6410 and it will also help you upgrade from Mojave 10.14.6 if you have already installed Mojave by following the instructions here. The instructions in this first post assume that you are installing Catalina in an APFS container. If you are curious about the evolution of this solution and how sleep/wake was solved, review the Mojave installation thread.
Important: This Thread is NOT intended to help you install macOS on a Latitude E6410 with Intel HD Graphics (without Nvidia graphics). The DSDT attached to this first post (in E6410-Catalina.zip) is VERY SPECIFIC to the Nvidia graphics implementation and has not been edited for HD Graphics - there are elements required for HD Graphics that are missing from the attached DSDT and there are DSDT mods that have not been tested with HD Graphics. Also, the kexts attached to this first post are specific to a Broadcom Wi-Fi card which must replace the original Intel Wi-Fi card.
This first post will be modified to reflect lessons learned and to reflect the most current working state of my Latitude E6410 (with NVidia 3100m discrete graphics) running Catalina. Issues, observations and performance tips are recorded toward the bottom of this first post. My recommended CLOVER configuration is specified toward the bottom of this first post.
My system is as follows:
Dell Latitude E6410 (I7-620m, Nvidia 3100M, 8GB DDR3, 512GB SSD, 1440x900 display, BIOS: A17) Wi-Fi: Broadcom BCM 94352HMB (replaced original Wi-Fi card) BIOS (version A17) configured as follows (leave default unless listed here): Boot Sequence: USB, Internal HDD, CD/DVD, Modular Bay HDD; Boot List Option: Legacy; Integrated NIC:Enabled; Parallel Port: Disabled; Serial Port: Disabled; SATA Operation: AHCI; Misc Devices: Enable Modular Bay, Camera, External USB, Microphone, Media Card and 1394; Latitude ON Reader: Disabled; Keyboard Illumination: Auto ALS and Input; Ambient Light Sensor: Enabled; OROM Keyboard Access: Disable; TPM Security: Disable; Computrace:Deactivate; CPU XD Support: Enable; Performance: Enable all options; Power Management: Disable Wake on AC, Disable Wake on LAN/WAN, Express Charge: Standard, Charge Behavior: Enabled; Keypad: Fn Key Only; Mouse/Touchpad: Touchpad/PS-2 Mouse; USB Emulation: Enable Legacy; Fn Key Emulation: Disabled; Fastboot: Thorough; Virtualization: Enable Intel Virtualization, Disable VT for Direct I/O, Disable Trusted Execution; Wireless Switch: Bluetooth and WLAN; Wireless Device Enable: Bluetooth and WLAN;
Versions of the software used in this installation are listed below the installation steps. EFI and kexts for Catalina are attached to this first post in E6410-Catalina.zip. CLOVER configuration is specified below the installation steps.
Steps to install Catalina on a Dell Latitude E6410 (BIOS A17, NVidia 3100m)
If performing an upgrade from Mojave, backup your Mojave disk! (Carbon Copy or similar) Download Catalina Installer Download DosDude Catalina Patcher Use DosDude Patcher to create Catalina USB Installer Delete LegacyUSBInjector.kext (we're using @RehabMan's USBInjectAll.kext with custom SSDT) and delete SIPManager.kext (CLOVER is managing SIP) from Catalina USB Installer's /Library/Extensions folder Copy all but the FakeSMC sensor kexts in E6410-Catalina.zip (attached) LE folder to the Catalina USB Installer /Library/Extensions (copy all kexts (including FakeSMC.kext) but not the FakeSMC sensor kexts) Install CLOVER Bootloader (Legacy) on USB Installer using the EFI in the E6410-Catalina.zip (attached). Use the CLOVER configuration specified below. Be sure to replace the *** MASKED *** parameters in the attached config.plist with your own values. Boot your Latitude E6410 from the Catalina USB Installer that you created in steps 4-7. Select "Reinstall macOS" (note that I have existing installations of Mojave and High Sierra on my Latitude E6410, so it's possible that this menu item changes to "Install macOS" if you don't have any previous macOS installations). Select your Catalina destination partition (which will be your Mojave partition if you are upgrading) After the Catalina Installer reboots the first time, boot from the "macOS Installer" partition on the disk that you selected as your Catalina destination (not the macOS installer on the USB) After the Catalina Installer reboots the second time, boot the Catalina macOS Installer on the USB Select the Post Install Patcher utility Select only the following Post Install Patches Install Patch Updater Legacy Video After the Post Install Patcher reboots, boot from the newly installed (or upgraded) Catalina partition and complete the macOS configuration Remove these kexts (if they exist) from /Library/Extensions: LegacyUSBInjector.kext, LegacyUSBVideoSupport.kext and SIPManager.kext If you are performing a fresh installation of Catalina: Install CLOVER on your boot disk and configure EFI using files in the attached E6410-Catalina.zip. Use the CLOVER configuration below. Your EFI Clover/kexts/Other folder needs only FakeSMC.kext, IntelMausiEthernet.kext, USBInjectAll.kext and VoodooPS2.kext. Be sure to replace the *** MASKED *** parameters in the attached config.plist with your own values. Install all kexts in the attached E6410-Catalina.zip LE folder to your /Library/Extensions folder. Copy HWMonitor from the application folder in the attached E6410-Catalina.zip to your Applications folder. Install VoodooHDA (I installed using the Classic method) If you are upgrading from Mojave that you installed using the instructions here: Update Lilu.kext and replace BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM2.kext (in /L/E) with latest BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM3.kext. Update IntelMausiEthernet.kext Remove VoodooSDHC.kext from /Library/Extensions Reboot from your new/upgraded Catalina partition Welcome to macOS Catalina! Change the keyboard type to ISO (System Preferences > Keyboard > Change Keyboard Type) Swap the Command and Option keys (System Preferences > Keyboard > Modifier Keys)
Version Info at the time of this writing:
Catalina Installer 10.15.2 CLOVER v2.5k r5102 DosDude Catalina Patcher: v1.3.0 Lilu.kext 1.4.0 BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext 2.5.0 BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext 2.5.0 BrcmPatchRAM3.kext 2.5.0 IntelMausiEthernet.kext 2.5.0
What is not working (that was working in Mojave)
SD Card Slot (had to remove VoodooSDHC.kext which caused system freeze on wake)
Known Issues and Their Solutions
(No solution yet) No SD Card Slot (had to remove VoodooSDHC.kext) - I read somewhere that there is a solution that does not require any kexts (just a DSDT edit). Haven't yet implemented this fix. (Not a problem that needs to be solved - leaving for historical purposes. I am running Catalina without this.) - IOHWControl does not load under GFX0 (as observed in IORegistryExplorer). Solution (if it needs to be solved) is to install AppleHWSensor.kext from a DosDude-patched Mojave /S/L/E in Catalina's /L/E. Copy and install your own or use the kext attached to this post. (Solved - no further work required) External USB ports do not work after waking from sleep (S3) - Upgrade Lilu.kext and replace BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM2.kext (in /L/E) with latest BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM3.kext. (Solved - no further work required) Boot and shut-down time of Catalina is slower than Mojave - Upgrade Lilu.kext and replace BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM2.kext (in /L/E) with latest BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM3.kext. (Solved - no further work required) Wi-Fi is not immediately available at OS startup - Upgrade Lilu.kext and replace BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM2.kext (in /L/E) with latest BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM3.kext. (Solved - no further work required) Laptop freezes on wake - Remove VoodooSDHC.kext from /Library/Extensions
Tips for Improved Performance (on this and other older systems)
System Preferences > Spotlight > Search Results: Uncheck all options System Preferences > Spotlight > Privacy: Add all Volumes System Preferences > Accessibility > Display: Check "Reduce motion" System Preferences > Accessibility > Display: Check "Reduce transparency"
If your fan is always running and temps are good, try pressing Fn + z (I haven't noticed this issue for a while since I completed DSDT edits for Mojave, but keeping this here for historical purposes)
CLOVER Installation: Use these configuration options
Install Clover in the ESP Boot Sectors Install boot0af in MBR Clover for BIOS (legacy) booting Clover EFI 64-bits SATA BIOS Drivers, 64-bit Recommended drivers FSInject File System drivers ApfsDriverLoader Install RC scripts on target volume Themes Choose your desired theme Install Clover Preference Pane After clicking "Continue", if prompted with "This Clover package is incompatible with this version of macOS," install anyway
After CLOVER installation is complete Copy the following from the attached E6410-Catalina.zip ACPI patched contents config.plist (change *** MASKED *** values to your own) kexts/Other (remove all other kext folders) Remove christmas and new year folders from themes (if present)
Thanks to those who contributed to my Mojave solution and to the DosDude team (for the incredible macOS patchers), I think this Catalina installation was the easiest macOS installation that I have experienced (so far). Many thanks to @Slice and his team for the incredible work on CLOVER and for continuing to support old legacy systems like this. Also, thanks to @headkaze, @vit9696 and others I'm sure for maintaining the Brcm kexts.
So, this little tutorial is meant to help people fix a new issue with Mojave: opening jpg files (looks like it happens with larger files, not so much with smaller ones) using Quick Look (on spacebar key pressed) or Preview app, using the dedicated GPUs.
The issue is that, when trying to open jpg files (for some reason, it doesn't occur with pngs), the pop-up window would remain in an endless loop. And from that point forward, any other app trying to open the same file will either become unresponsive (in the case of the Preview app) or just stay in endless loop (in case of Quick Look)
As a workaround, in case the tutorial below doesn't work for you, you can use Grab (built-in app in MacOS) to open said files.
This issue DOES NOT occur using the iGPU. So...if you're comfortable using the iGPU, just switch to that and you should be good to go. You don't need this tutorial.
This tutorial is based on @Cyberdevs' research and testing on this topic (especially useful if you're using an RX series AMD video card), and my own very limited time testing this on my rig. I just thought it would be useful to create a new thread for it so that people can discuss this particular issue here.
With that being said, I'll just move on to the actual tutorial.
New (probably better) method.
Switch your SMBIOS in Clover config in regards to the dedicated GPU you're using, instead of the CPU. Take a look here and choose the corresponding SMBIOS closest to your hardware.
Yeah, that's it.
In case you lose CPU PM with this method, there are multiple ways to fix that, and they do not make the object of this thread. It worked perfectly fine for me though and I didn't need to change anything else.
Alternatively, you can also try one of the MacPro SMBIOSes, such as MacPro5,1 or MacPro6,1. It was tested multiple times and it showed good results.
Keep in mind that choosing these will most likely not show you an iGPU in System Report, since those machines generally (probably all of them) use Xeon CPUs with no iGPUs either.
/!\NOTE: There have been reports saying that using this method (switching SMBIOS to a MacPro one) with newer versions of MacOS may cause iTunes to crash.
So...keep that in mind and better try some of the other methods mentioned here.
A simple Lilu plugin
Thanks to vulgo for the plugin and @Matgen84 for sharing and testing it, we now have yet another possible solution to this issue. It's a Lilu plugin (which means that it requires Lilu.kext in order to work) it's called NoVPAJpeg, and it can be downloaded from here.
You use it as a regular kext, alongside Lilu. I prefer (and recommend) using it within the EFI folder, in Clover/kexts/Other. But if you want to use it in S/L/E, that should work just fine.
More info can be found in this post here.
According to Vulgo, NoVPAJpeg.kext is now deprecated.
In case its functionality is needed, use WhateverGreen.kext (alongside Lilu.kext) and add the following boot arguments:
shikigva=32 shiki-id=Mac-7BA5B2D9E42DDD94 In case you wanna try alternative medicine ...
The main thing we need to do is actually very simple: we need to enable the iGPU (integrated GPU) by default, in BIOS, while actually being connected to the dedicated GPU.
For ATI GPUs (curtesy of @Cyberdevs' post here).
The discreet GPU should be set as primary in BIOS and your displays should be connected to your discreet GPU
The iGD/iGPU/iGFX must be enabled in BIOS/UEFI as the secondary GPU.
I removed the DSDT Reconfigured the config.plist to and removed some flags which weren't needed because of the DSDT added the InjectATI + Ornioco Framebuffer (I removed the Orinoco framebuffer because of some weird glitches but it might be useful for other AMD GPUs if you inject the correct framebuffer according to your GPU. No need to inject anything for nVidia GPUs unless your GPU needs it) Added the InjectIntel + ig-platform-id for my intel HD530 (for intel HD 530 I use the 0x19120001 ig-platform-id)
Steps 5 to 7 might not be necessary I just did them anyway, if anyone succeeded to get quicklook working without those steps let me know so I can exclude those steps.
Also confirmed to work with AMD R9 270X on a SandyBridge rig (without an iGPU) using WhateverGreen + Lilu kexts, which also helped to solve the transparency issue along with the Quick Look problem, it also resolved the buggy Screen Capture (Command+Shift+5) issue as well.
nvram cleanup kextcache & prelinked kernel rebuild reboot More info on that here.
For NVIDIA GPUs (tested on my old MSi GTX 650)
This is what I needed for my NVIDIA GPU and the MSI motherboard in the signature (*since then, I upgraded my GPU to my current RX 580). Your milage may vary, depending on your hardware. But, the idea should be the same regardless.
For MSi motherboads (check out my motherboard details in the signature)
Set your BIOS to use PEG (dedicated GPU) so you can boot.
Since you're reading this, chances are that you're already connected to the dedicated GPU and the BIOS is set to PEG. So just go into BIOS and see if you're using the iGPU or the dedicated (PEG) graphics device by default.
If you're already using this, skip to Step 3 (the part AFTER Reboot). Reboot (I think you don't necessarily need to boot into the OS...but you do need to reboot at least until Clover UI) Reboot back into BIOS and set it from PEG to IGD (integrated graphics) WITHOUT removing the cable. Save Reboot again.
The result should be that the OS is tricked into thinking you're booting with the IGPU when in fact you're using the dedicated GPU.
For Gigabyte motherboards
Peripherals -> Initial Display Output -> iGFX Chipset -> Internal Graphics -> Enabled
DVMT Pre-Allocation -> default 64M.
DVMT Total Gfx Mem -> default 256M Save Reboot
You should do this with the cable connected to the dedicated GPU.
You will also need to patch the iGPU from Clover config.
1. Graphics -> Inject Intel (UNCHECK Inject Nvidia or ATI if it's checked).
2. ig-platform-id (in my case for Intel HD 4600 Desktop) it was: 0x0d220003
And use IntelGraphicsFixup.kext (now included into WhateverGreen.kext) in Clover/kexts/Other. In my particular case, without the kext, I would get freezes in Safari.
Another way to activate the iGPU while having the dGPU set as primary is by going into BIOS/SAG/Graphics Configuration/iGPU and setting Multi-Monitor to [Enabled], all the rest remains on [Auto], and set Inject/Intel to [True] in Clover config.*.
Thanks to @gjw for the tip.
*Motherboard dependent. But the multi-monitor option might be the same regardless of manufacturer.
This might be a bug with Mojave and it could be fixed by Apple in the future. but in the meantime, feel free to use this if it helps you fix the issue.
For HP motherboards (including laptops), so far no solution, unless the BIOS somehow allows to switch from dGPU to iGPU and vice-versa.
Ontem fiz uma instalação do Mac Os High Sierra em minha maquina, um I5 4440 + GTX 970, o finalizar a instalação resolvi conectar meu segundo monitor na saida de video da placa mãe (HD Graphics 4600) reiniciei a maquina e ativei a HD Graphics. Os monitores funcionam porem ao usar o Chrome, por exemplo, quando uma lista de sugestão de pesquisa aparece, ela apresenta diversos bugs graficos, chuviscos e artefatos no local onde deveria estar a lista.
Obs: Ao usar apenas a GTX 970 ou somente a HD Graphics estes problemas não ocorrem.
If WEG, Lilu, etc. exist in 10.14 /L/E, when upgrade to 10.15, are they needed in Clover/kexts/Other?By exquirentibus
Dumb question, but ... if I already have these kexts installed to /L/E:
Do I also need to copy them to Clover/kexts/Other when upgrading from 10.14, and then delete them ( as they are not currently in Clover/kexts/Other)?
And do I need to set config.plist/SystemParameters/InjectKexts=Detect so that Clover will inject all applicable (depending on version) kexts in EFI/Clover/kexts/Other only if FakeSMC.kext is NOT in kernel cache.
Before purchasing, is it worth to install Hackintosh on an external SSD m.2 2280 on an AMD CPU and NVIDIA CPU PC?By gusbemacbe
I am a former user of MacBook and Mac mini. Both died. One in 2014 and another last year. I will think of giving my Hackintosh-compatible laptop to my brother that I purchased years ago, because he wants to play more than one computer, so he is a Twitch/YouTube streamer and a hardcore gamer and I will not need to lend him many times. If he wants, from my former laptop I will take only one 240GB SSD Samsung Evo with installed Arch Linux and leave one 500GB HDD for him. In the future, I will purchase a new Alienware laptop.
As I got newly graduated, I moved to a new super PC with AMD Ryzen™ 7 2700X CPU and with NVIDIA GeForce™ 1660 Ti GPU. More details, you can see my signature below, that provides the complete details. I own an external SSD m.2 2280 with installed Windows 10.
I will reconsider purchasing 4th drive – an external 480GB SSD m.2 2280 SATA WD Green 545MB/s or an external 1TB SSD SATA WD Green 545MB/s – for installing Hackintosh. But purchasing, I need to make sure.
1. Is it worth to install Hackintosh on an external SSD m.2 2280? If I partition two partitions, one for Insansely's MyHack/Chameleon/Clover and another for Hackintosh and my new super-PC boot is natively BIOS and Grub, is it worth? Maybe I will try to install reFind on Arch Linux to replace the Grub if it is worth.
2. I know that it will run on macOS High Sierra, Mojave and Catalina, but if I need Metal 2 to run the latest version of Sketch (the which I own an original licence) and of other apps the which I own original licences? Is NVIDIA GeForce™ 1660 Ti compatible with Metal 2?
3. Since it be an external SSD, will I able to run Hackintosh as a portable OS in other computers?