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The H370 chipset powers 8th generation Intel Core-i CPUs. Even though the name H370 rings comparable to Z370, the H370 is based on newer silicon. This it also requires some new approaches compared to the Z370. An example would be on-die USB 3.1 and WiFi support.
Since this guide is not a "hold-your-hand-every-step" guide, I assume you know:
Clover installation and configuration How to create an install medium for MacOS Access and configure the BIOS Have heard of ACPI patching (I'm a newb at this myself)
Sleep (via DSDT edits and emulated NVRAM) On-board Audio (via AppleALC and native AppleHDA) Native power management (without any kext or patch) All USB ports (and only those present are active) iGPU for both acceleration and display dGPU (I'm running an Nvidia GTX 1080)
NIC --> I'm using WiFi only
What doesn't work
Native NVRAM via AptioMemoryFix.efi DMVT Pre-alloc higher than 64MB (but not necessary)
User @Panzerschiffe added a helpful post, altering this guide for user with AMD cards and not needing on-board sound.
He also runs Mojave, which I don't run yet.
Changes to the guide:
22.5.18: Added SSDT hot-patching to enable sleep, replacing DSDT static patching as an alternative.
23.5.18: Add iMac18,1 as alternative SMBIOS config for those relying on the iGPU for output
25.6.18: Added update info
28.8.18: Small changes for clarity, changed info for afps loading & updated USB patch for 13.6
04.10.18: Update to Mojave will come once Mojave is more mature
02.12.18: Removed unnecessary patches, fakepciid and audio patch method & linked to AMD post & added whatevergreen.kext as replacement for previous GPU kexts
02.03.19: Removed unnecessary fakeid and ig_platform_id injections, ACPI patches - this is all handled by whatevergreen & lilu. In testing is a Framebuffer patch, see this post.
04.03.19: Added Germany keyboard layout and updated pre-patched DSDT.aml removed DSDT patching
This guide heavy inspired by the work of /u/corpnewt of /r/hackintosh and his (sorta) Vanilla guide
1.1 Create the install media for MacOS
Follow this, if you are using a Mac to start off with. If you are totally new to MacOS, then please check the basic guide Creation of an installer media in windows or linux
1.2 Install Clover on the install media
Using the Clover installer, ensure you are installing to the USB medium you are using for the installer.
Chose the following options, leaving the others on default:
UEFI driver: AptioMemoryFix UEFI driver: ApfsDriverLoader UEFI booting only Install to ESP
You have to get your hands on an apfs.efi. A google search can help, or extracting it from the Installer package. Make sure you procure a version matching the MacOS version you are about to install. Place the apfs.efi in drivers64UEFI.
1.2 Adjust the config.plist for the installer
You can use the config.plist attached as a guideline, but take a look at it before and at least adjust the SMBIOS - otherwise it won't boot.
Attention: The attached plist contains audio patches introduced by a post-install step. If you run into problems, you might remove those. It also contains a manual slide value, which should normally not be needed, but works fine for me. It is also tuned for usage with an Nvidia Pascal dGPU as main GPU.
The config you create now should serve you nicely for install and running the system.
Take care of adding the following basics:
SMBIOS: iMac18,3 - You can generate a serial number via Clover Configurator. The creation of a proper SMBIOS is covered in many guides to good extend Note: If you aim at using the iGPU for output, a user reported that iMac18,1 works better - since iMac18,3 produces severe flicker. I'm now also testing 18,1 Look at the graphics section and adjust the injection for Intel to your situation
Change 0x59120003 to 0x59120000 if you don't use a dGPU as your main display Driver and instead use the iGPU for output.
Also note. SMBIOS iMac18,1 has been reported to work better in this configuration. But 18,3 works fine for me.
Kernel and Kext patches
1.3 kexts and friends
Add the supplied SSDT-UAIC.aml to "patched" - it limits the injected USB Ports to the actual number and ports valid for this board.
Required kexts on "Other":
FakeSMC.kext Whatevergreen.kext Lilu.kext AppleALC.kext IntelMausiEthernet.kext in case you're running Ethernet USBInjectAll.kext with the HCI-300-series-injector.kext --> These two should be installed to /L/E after install
We are leaving sound out at the moment, this is something for post-install.
1.4 Check BIOS and install
You should be ready for install. But before you reboot, please take a look at your BIOS and set it up accordingly (copied from the aforementioned guide and adapted):
Load Optimized Defaults Disable VT-d setting If your system has Secure Boot Mode, disable it Enable CSM - This is sometimes needed to dual screens to work Set OS Type to Windows 8/10 or OtherOS - I have not seen a difference Turn off internal Serial and Parallel port Turn off Network stack for boot Turn off wake-on-lan (for now) Set XHCI Handoff to enabled Don't enable decode over 4G Depending on your GPU, set priority for boot Set internal GPU (iGPU) to enable - not auto or disabled Set DMVT pre-alloc min to 64MB and max to 128MB. For this selection to appear you might need to reboot after setting iGPU to enable Set USB legacy to enabled Activate XMP profile 1 f your Ram has it (mine doesn't and I added the timings manually) Set ERP to enable, disable platform power management (I need to do more research if this could be enabled)
I've attached my current BIOS config "hack2". You can place that on a fat32 drive (the EFI partition of your install USB drive might be an idea) and see if it loads. It's made for and with the F2 BIOS.
The install itself should be like other MacOS Hackintosh installs with it several reboots and ensuring to select the correct boot device in Clover.
2.1 Install clover on target
This is a no-brainer, but install a fresh copy of Clover on your target medium.
During install select again AptioMemoryFix but also additionally
EmuVariableUefi-64.efi Install RC scripts on target volume because otherwise NVRAM doesn't seem to work
After the install, copy
config.plist contents of "Other" content of "patched" to your new clover install.
2.2 Edit ACPI for slumber
Choose one option, not both. The hot-patch is experimental, but for the moment it is stable.
2.2.1 Edit DSDT
No more need for manual DSDT patching. If you still do it, you might run into unstable sleep. SSDT hot-patching + sane clover.config edits are enough
This is necessary only once on initial install and every time, you edit or upgrade the BIOS. The DSDT.aml attached to this post might work for your system or give you a file to compare to. Don't expect it to work for you, though.
EDIT: Since moving from F2 BIOS to F12 I did not repatch and sleep is still somewhat reliable. But to be 100% sure, you can still follow these steps.
I won't go into the details of DSDT extraction and patching. There are better guides (the linked guide is a rip-off of rehabman's guide from a different forum). Please follow such a guide to extract your ACPI data.
Locate and disassemble the DSDT with the newest iasl binary you can put your hands on, then open it with MacIASL in its newest version you can find (Hint: Here is a good source) You can check if the version is new enough if MacIASL doesn't throw error upon compiling a freshly extracted DSDT.aml or DSDT.dst
Add rehabmans repo (as per linked guide) and apply the following patches:
Rename _DSM to _XDSM Fix _WAK Arg0 v2 USB3 _PRW 0x6D Skylake (instant wake) Find the CNVW device and remove the _PWR function there.
Compile the DSDT and place it in "patched".
2.2.2 Use SSDT hot-patching
Instead of having to re-extract and re-patch the DSDT on every BIOS change or update, Hardware change one can also use ACPI hot-patching.
It's a combination of config.plist patches and an SSDT, which is hot-patched into the ACPI (if I understand the process correctly)
You need to add this SSDT-GPRW.aml to your Clover folder in the designated position at Clover/ACPI/patched You need to add this patch to your config.plist. It goes into the DSDT patch section
Note: This works for me, but the patch removes the _PRW method from all devices in the DSDT. This could have side-effects. So far, I have seen none. At the moment I'm also not applying any other patch, compared with the additional edits I made to the DSDT method before.
2.3 Install kexts to system
As mentioned in the install section, it's better to follow rehabman's instruction and install USBinjectAll.kext to /L/E:
sudo cp -R Release/USBInjectAll.kext /Library/Extensions sudo touch /System/Library/Extensions && sudo kextcache -u / 2.4 Enable onboard Audio - Install AppleALC kext
Make sure your EFI partition is mounted and that you have a vanilla AppleHDA kext available. See below for a guide how to get a vanilla AppleHDA if needed
Note: Our Audio codec is ALC887 and it's running with layout ID 1.
Download the newest AppleALC kext from here and install it together with lilu.kext from here into your usual /clover/kexts/others location. Done. No scripts or config.plist patches necessary.
Add layout ID 1 to config.plist, if it's not there yet:
<key>Audio</key> <dict> <key>Inject</key> <integer>1</integer> <key>ResetHDA</key> <true/> </dict> If you previously installed any audio patches, please follow this guide to "vanilla-ize" your install.
2.5 Optional steps for Graphics
If you have a dGPU, now it's the time to install its drivers and adjust the config.plist for it. The detaisl are specific to your GPU and thus of scope of this guide. Yet, my supplied config.plist is ready to be used with Nvidia Pascal cards and using the Nvidia web driver.
Whatevergreen.kext helps with Intel iGPU and NVIDIA dGPU fixes.
At the moment I'm also testing out a special bootflag: 'shikigva=12' to enable faster rendering in Final Cut Pro X. Without whatevergreen.kext and a shikigva bootflag, rendering in final cut seem very slow.
If you're facing problems with output from your internal GPU, you can try the framebuffer patches listed by @BackwardMac:
2.6 Install a proper keyboard layout
You might not be using a fancy Apple branded keyboard. If you use a PC keyboard, you might be annoyed by the differing layout and usage of keys. As a German, you might find yourself quitting applications, since alt gr + Q won't add an @, but quit your current application. To fix this, you can simply install a different keyboard layout. Copy it to /Library/Keyboard Layouts/ and chose the layout in System Preferences, Keyboard in the section "Other". Deleting the previously selecting layout makes sure that only this one is used. Nice little trick.
A keyboard layout for German keyboards is attached and works wonders
Updating inside 10.3.x/ 10.4.x point updates doesn't require much attention:
Download the update from the AppStore as any Mac would do Allow the system to reboot Before booting MacOS with Clover, make sure to disable extra drivers for dGPUs which require non-native support. If using an Nvidia dGPU: Remove "nvda_drv=1" from your boot arguments and disable Nvidia injection If using a non natively supported AMD card, do the same for AMD (I'm not using AMD, thus I cannot be specific) Boot into the newly created Install MacOS partition Repeat this process until the Install partition is gone Boot MacOS again, still following 3., and potentially install updated drivers Your Audio might require re-patching
Move away from static DSDT patching to SSDT hotpatching --> requires my work Native NVRAM --> requires developer work Audio without AppleHDA patching --> requires developer work
5. Thanks to
@MaLd0nfor helping finding the right way with the DSDT
@RehabMan, for being a legend and helping me out patching
@toleda, for audio patches for the 300 series
/u/corpnewt, for his superb vanilla guide
@wmchris for his super XPS 9550 guide and introducing me to hot-patching
@Panzerschiffe for his addition to this guide
all the developers of clover and it's awesomeness
I’ve used a 2015 15” MBP as my main system since it was released. I do photo and video editing in the Adobe suite regularly and have been eyeballing the performance of the latest MBP models. I’m on the road all the time, so a laptop is basically my only option.
After the whole mess with the CPU VRM hardware flaws being made apparent by the poor power management profile shipped at release with the 2018 i9 MBP I’ve been more weary of the hardware design of MacBooks. That’s before I account for losing all USB-A ports, losing the SD card slot (‽), losing reliability and tactility of the keyboard, and losing the ESC key to the touchbar; if I compare the 2018 MBP to my current 2015.
Given these flaws, I have been researching the performance situation comparing the 2018 MBP to the X1 Extreme, XPS 15 9570, and the Razer Blade 15 2018. These are essentially the only options for a road warrior that needs a high quality panel and the best CPU and GPU that can be crammed into around 4lbs (1.8kg).
I used to use a ThinkPad T42p and loved it when it was new. So fast forward to now and the release of the ThinkPad X1 Extreme. It’s a truly tempting machine for an artist, given that the 4K UHD version offers just about the best color gamut available on any laptop panel. I get back the USB-A ports, get one of the fastest SD slots on any laptop, and get one of the best laptop keyboards on the market. That’s before even considering power management and modularity. I’ve been dabbling in learning Machine Learning, so a system with an nVidia GPU (CUDA) is a bonus on that front as well.
For me the best color reproduction on a high resolution display panel was most important. The X1 Extreme has that, so I’ve ordered one. I got it with the fastest i7, base SSD and memory, and have separately purchased two 1TB Samsung 970 Pro M.2 SSDs and 2x16GB DDR4-3200MHz memory (just in case it’s possible to overclock the memory on the X1 Extreme). I got the system for $2,100 from Lenovo USA, and the SSDs ($390 x 2) and memory ($330) from Amazon US for a total of ~$3200. These are easy to install on the X1 Extreme as the bottom cover is easily removed to reveal the M.2 and SODIMM slots. To compare, the 2018 MBP with the fastest i7, 32GB memory, and 2TB SSD is $4400. So I can save $1200 and get a faster system (on all counts) with a better panel and better connectivity by going with the X1 Extreme.
The only thing I’m compromising is losing the big beautiful haptic touchpad and a bit more refined hardware aesthetic. Though, to be honest, I’ve kept a big thick dual-layer Tech21 case on my 2015 MBP. So I’ll actually be going down in volume and weight by moving to the more rugged ThinkPad. I think I can live without the touchpad.
Oh, by the way, the 4K UHD panel of the X1 Extreme has touch and decent pen support! Another bonus vs. the MacBook. Though I keep a 12.9” iPad Pro around for my pen work and can’t imagine using a laptop similarly. It’s still nice to have a laptop screen actually respond when I go poke at it accidentally after switching back and forth between laptop and iPad.
So I want macOS with proper discrete GPU support on a 2018 MacBook class laptop. That’s not possible on a pure Hackintosh as things stand, but via a macOS virtual machine it looks like it could work with what looks like some relatively bleeding edge support of PCIe UEFI passthrough.
People have been doing this on Linux hosts to Windows VMs with some great success recently: https://gist.github.com/Misairu-G/616f7b2756c488148b7309addc940b28
And it looks like that’s coming for macOS VMs as well: https://github.com/kholia/OSX-KVM/blob/a4fb2fd5aae871bdbc371b0cd31d4d8129d0f9ac/UEFI/README.md
The X1 Extreme, XPS 15 9570, and Razer Blade 15 (2018) are essentially direct competition to the 2018 15” MBP. I would really like to see these three systems get some nicely fleshed out guides for getting maxed out compatibility and performance in macOS running in a VM for these systems. When I get my X1 Extreme I’ll start working on it for that one. I will post updates here. I hope to inspire others with the other two systems (or looking to get them) to do similarly.
15” MACBOOK CLASS LAPTOP COMPARISON
I chose the X1 Extreme largely because of the excellent 4K UHD HDR panel (100% of 2D AdobeRGB and 85.5% of 3D AdobeRGB, basically unparalleled), good mix of thermal performance and noise management, and overall ruggedness and connectivity. If I were a gamer I would go with the Razer 15, but the fast low-gamut 1080p panel just doesn’t work for my purposes. If I were most concerned with aesthetics or battery life (97Wh battery for it vs 80Wh for X1E) I would go with the XPS 15.
I am aware that the second 2018 refresh of the MBP is coming ~Nov 14, with the new AMD Radeon Pro Vega 16 and Vega 20 GPUs, and it looks like the latter might offer up to a 60% performance boost over the Radeon 560X. Maybe it has even given Apple enough time to update the CPU VRM along the way. This could make the performance picture more comparable for the 1050 Ti based X1E and XPS 15. I believe the 1070 Ti based Razer 15 will still win out though.
Still, if you compare the fan and heat pipe solution put into the X1E vs the MBP the MBP just looks wimpy in comparison. MBP has smaller fans, less venting, and only one (smaller, thinner) heatpipe. It’s also more difficult to access if you want to put a better thermal paste or liquid metal on it. Put simply, the thermal hardware on the MBP is basically the same design for the last 3 years and it can’t keep up with the hex-core processors. So even with the Volta 20 GPU making the MBP competitive again on the graphics end, the MBP will still be falling short on the CPU performance plane. This is before we even look at tuning options.
Getting into tuning, it’s possible to improve thermal performance of all the laptops in this class by around 15-20% by using either a best in class thermal paste like Thermal Grizzly Kryonaut or (if you’re willing to deal with all the caveats that come with using a conductive fluid that permeates other metals) a liquid metal interface like Thermal Grizzly Conductonaut. The liquid metal gives you the best possible conducting interface, and the paste is more forgiving and easier to apply. Further, it is often possible to stably undervolt the Coffee Lake i7/i9 available in this class of systems to further improve performance, thermals, and power consumption (generally another 10+%).
Apple has deliberately made it impossible to undervolt the CPU on the MBP! This has been true since the first Skylake CPUs a few years ago. You used to be able to use a program called Volta to undervolt your CPU on macOS. This is a huge peeve for me and, combined with the general power and thermal underdevelopment, is one of the main reasons I want to get a competitor’s hardware. As a primer, the default voltage of modern CPUs is typically set conservatively high for the sake of production efficiency. With the current generation Coffee Lake CPUs it is commonly possible to set the CPU voltage about 100 to 150mv lower safely. This allows the CPU to run cooler and consume less power. For laptops which are thermally limited (basically everything in this new 6-core 14nm era), this also translates into better performance. It’s a tweak that actually improves reliability of your CPU. So it’s just stupid that Apple has deliberately made this impossible. Shame on them, someone else take my money.
Wrapping up, my biggest quibbles with the X1E (before actually getting it) are that the 4K panel’s responsiveness is about the slowest I’ve seen on a modern panel, and it’s just really not suitable for gaming. There’s also what I consider an annoyingly high level of backlight corner bleed that I’m sure will be distracting during blackboxed video viewing. Hopefully these two issues will be fixed in next year’s iteration.
MacBook i9 Thermal / VRM (below-baseline throttling/thrashing) Issue:
This was mitigated with software that works around the poor hardware design, but the system would still ultimately perform better if the CPU VRM were redesigned. Non Mac systems with the similar CPUs don’t have this issue and get better sustained performance.
MacBook Nov 2018 Refresh with Radeon Vega 16 and Vega 20:
MacBook Class Laptop Reviews:
Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Extreme, 4K: https://www.notebookcheck.net/Lenovo-ThinkPad-X1-Extreme-i7-4K-HDR-GTX-1050-Ti-Max-Q-Laptop-Review.335608.0.html
Dell XPS 15 9570, 4K: https://www.notebookcheck.net/Dell-XPS-15-9570-i7-UHD-GTX-1050-Ti-Max-Q-Laptop-Review.332758.0.html
Razer Blade 15 2018, 1070 Ti FHD 144Hz: https://www.notebookcheck.net/Razer-Blade-15-i7-8750H-GTX-1070-Max-Q-FHD-Laptop-Review.305426.0.html
Best Undervolting Guide (keywords: ThrottleStop, Intel XTU):
Undervolting Coffee Lake i7/i9 (2018 MacBook class CPU):
Replacing Thermal Paste with Liquid Metal on 2018 MBP:
https://youtu.be/iw4gqfrBN4c ... and follow up: https://youtu.be/JNoZNzOQpVw
Replacing Thermal Paste with Kryonaut on X1E:
Replacing Thermal Paste and Undervolting X1 Carbon:
Replacing Thermal Paste and Undervolting XPS 15 9570:
Possibly over-conservative BIOS update for thermal throttling on X1E:
High Sierra (10.13) drivers only for now:
nVidia “waiting for Apple’s approval” for Mojave (10.14) macOS driver web release:
Breadcrumb Links (other things I found researching this):
Ciao ragazzi! Grazie a questo forum con gente fantastica, sono riuscito a installare OS X e in seguito Win 10 su Clover SULLO STESSO HARD DISK
Ho un problema, di solito utilizzo Kali Linux, la famosa versione di linux in usb in live
Ora avrei la necessita di dedicargli 15gb di partizione del mio Hard Disk PER INSTALLARLA, e l'ho fatto effettivamente creando una partizione VUOTA tramite utility disco di Sierra.
Il problema sorge quando io vado a riavviare il pc e quindi ritrovandomi nella schermata di clover, e vedo sempre il solito OSX e il recovery Osx e al posto di Windows 10, mi trovo la partizione di 15gb che avevo creato per windows(con l'icona di windows)
Siccome ho paura di perdere i dati importanti che avevo su windows, non ho continuato installando Kali, ma mi sono fermato e ho eliminato la partizione sempre da utility di Sierra e come per magia, riavvio e Win10 è di nuovo lì dove dovrebbe stare
Appena creo la partizione vuota, clover me la sostituisce
Che devo fare raga?
Io voglio OSX,Win10 (Che già ho) e Kali(Solo 15gb) sullo stesso hard disk
Senza perdere dati di Win o Mac
Gengik ho visto in precedenti discussioni tue, di andare in GUI da clover config . e togliere Windows da quelli nascosti e l'ho fatto, ma il risultato non cambia.
Grazie per la lettura