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Clover Change Explanations

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Rev 4222

It is my own wish   B)

 

The task was follow.

My laptop Dell Latitude E6430 can be powered with Optimus enabled or disabled in BIOS. They are two different computers and I want to see in which mode I started before timeout is ended because sometimes it switched despite on my wish.

Now I wrote in config.plist

	<key>GUI</key>
	<dict>
		<key>ShowOptimus</key>
		<true/>

and see Clover GUI as

screenshot25.png

 

The criteria is a number of videocard found.

2 = Embedded Intel + Discrete == "Optimus"  "Intel"

1 = Discrete only == "Discrete"

 

I am not sure if someone else needed this feature so default behaviour to be not show.

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Rev 4223
It is accumulated update because I can't commit changes before.
update FakeSMC
move BrandString to be calculated before use
allow StrictHibernate when Fixup used
rename Optimus->Intel as it is more correct
block Dell specific SetVariable

 

In config.plist you may set

	<key>Boot</key>
	<dict>
		<key>HibernationFixup</key>
		<true/>

if you are using Lilu+HibernationFixup.kext

It will allow you to use mode 25.

 

EDITED. Don't bother!

It is calculated automatically.

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Rev 4231

P-State generator in Clover will be compatible with some DSDT.

I found in my Dell E6430 follow line

       ^CPU0._PPC = Local0

But it was not possible with current clover generated SSDT because the _PPC was a method.

Now I make it to be the Name for CPU0 and link for others.

    Scope (\_PR.CPU0)
    {
        Name (_PPC, Zero)  // _PPC: Performance Present Capabilities
....

    Scope (\_PR.CPU1)
    {
        Method (_PPC, 0, NotSerialized)  // _PPC: Performance Present Capabilities
        {
            Return (\_PR.CPU0._PPC)
        }

and so on.

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Rev 4233

Make menu for kext disabling inside Details menu to disable some kexts immediatly before OS started

See screens

Снимок экрана 2017-10-01 в 17.51.38.png

enter menu

Снимок экрана 2017-10-01 в 17.37.06.png

 

But if you enter Option before choosing an OS then you can see

Снимок экрана 2017-10-01 в 17.37.43.png

 

Rev 4237

Kext disabling excluded from Option menu.

It will be only in Details menu

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Rev 4250

XCPM patch will no more be unconditional.

		<key>KernelXCPM</key>
		<true/>

Default value is

It can arise some problems because old revision has default to true.

But many users can't boot at all because of this. Let it be conditional setting from config or from Clover GUI.

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Rev 4268
correct MachineSignature before wake from hibernation.

It is attempt to cure an issue at some configurations that boot.efi failed to check

		//
		// check machine signature
		//
		UINT32 machineSignature			= 0;
		if(!EFI_ERROR(AcpiGetMachineSignature(&machineSignature)) && machineSignature != localHeader.MachineSignature)
			try_leave(NOTHING);

The patch will write the MachineSignature from hibernation image into FACS table. But it is wrong for good machines

 

Rev 4270

condition for signature fixup

Now this Signature Fixup will be conditional through config.plist

		<key>SignatureFixup</key>
		<false/>

Rev 4291

if not SignatureFixup, it will be zeroed.

 

Anyway, the Signature must be fixed

If true then the value is from hibernate image

if false then the value is zero and it will be copied by kernel into the image.


Rev 4293

detect 10.13 installer version, by fusion71au

 

Explanation here  #15351

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Rev 4294

New Shell is able to correctly edit plists. Most important is config.plist. TAB characters converted to double spaces on the fly

Enter Shell

Shell> fs0:

fs0:> cd EFI\CLOVER

fs0:\EFI\CLOVER> edit config.plist

...

Press F2 to save the result

Press F3 to exit from editing

fs0:> exit

you will return to Clover

 

Enjoy!

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Rev 4299
Support Reset NVRAM with F11 in Clover GUI.
post-980913-0-06079300-1510513733_thumb.png

operations
native NVRAM system
- directly cleanup variables

not support NVRAM system(EmuVariableUefi-64.efi + rc script) and Legacy(+rc script) for only ESP. link
- search for nvram.plist and will delete it

after reset NVRAM, will be reboot.

if you want to know support NVRAM on your system, in terminal
type sudo nvram boot-args="-v"
then reboot, check verbose log, if it doesn't work, not support native NVRAM on your system.

Rev 4301
Support Fusion Drive for 10.12+.
Fix empty in block kext inject in GUI if os version is null. link link

Rev 4303
Improve Reset NVRAM

variables list to reset NVRAM
native NVRAM system
- boot-args
- nvda_drv

not support NVRAM system
- detect nvram.plist and delete it on only ESP partition
- boot-args
- nvda_drv
- hibernate keys if there is

about hibernate keys. link
- after you are using Lilu + HibernationFixup without knowing for sure whether hibernation works
if you experienced instant reboot when using any macos(recovery, usbinstaller, partition),
reset NVRAM with F11 help you can boot.

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Rev 4307
Cleanup, fix and support more CPU for Generate option

 process for power management in old/new Clover

  -for sandy-, default - disabled P/C States generate option

  -for ivy+, default - enabled P/C States generate option

 

Do not mix the custom power management file(SSDT.aml) and the P/C States option

 if you want to use power management

  1. only use P/C States option without SSDT.aml

  2. turn off P/C States option. then put SSDT.aml in ACPI/patched folder

		<key>SSDT</key>
		<dict>
			<key>Generate</key>
			<dict>
				<key>CStates</key>
				<false/>
				<key>PStates</key>
				<false/>
			</dict>
		</dict>

Rev 4313
Fix without cache option(-f)

-it's useful for snow leopard installation to avoid AppleIntelCPUPowerManagement KP or patched AppleHDA

 

Rev 4316
Fix potential uncertainty of without caches option(-f)

 - without option(-f) and SystemParameters/NoCaches option work on 10.6 to 10.9.

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Rev 4314
Limit scope of binary DSDT patch by "Device" section with specified name in additional "TgtBridge" tag[/size]
by goodwin_c
 
Config.plist sample

                                <dict>
                                        <key>Comment</key>
                                        <string>Rename PXSX to SSD0</string>
                                        <key>Disabled</key>
                                        <false/>
                                        <key>Find</key>
                                        <data>UFhTWA==</data>
                                        <key>Replace</key>
                                        <data>U1NEMA==</data>
                                        <key>TgtBridge</key>
                                        <data>UlAwOQ==</data>
                                </dict>
                                <dict>
                                        <key>Comment</key>
                                        <string>Rename PXSX to SSD0 2</string>
                                        <key>Disabled</key>
                                        <false/>
                                        <key>Find</key>
                                        <data>UlAwOS5QWFNY</data>
                                        <key>Replace</key>
                                        <data>UlAwOS5TU0Qw</data>
                                </dict>

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Rev 4331

Fix EDK2 bug notice at  #15797 by nms (same as nms42 at Clover credits).

Thunk.S in Baselib is wrong.

Good one is Thunk.nasm and we want use it.

 

The difference in compilation

Thunk.S

0000000000000077 662E0F0197F8FFFFFF              lgdt       fword [cs:rdi+0xfffffffffffffff8]

Thunk.nasm

0000000000000077 2E660F0157EE                    lgdt       fword [cs:rdi+0xffffffffffffffee]

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Rev 4334


Fix potential OSInstall.mpkg issue in High Sierra


-no more remove EmuVariableUefi-64.efi and nvram.plist to install/update High Sierra


 


if still happen OSInstall.mpkg issue, delete macOS Install Data folder in root. download update/beta from appstore again.


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Rev 4351, 4355

Additional patches for EDID.

Now config.plist may contain follow EDID section

	<key>Graphics</key>
	<dict>
		<key>EDID</key>
		<dict>
			<key>#Custom</key>
			<data>AP///////wAGECGSAAAAAAASAQOAIRV4CunVmVlTjigmUFQAAAABAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEB3iGgcFCEHzAgIFYAS88QAAAY3iGgcFCEHzAgIFYAS88QAAAAAAAA/gBXNjU3RwAxNTRXUDEKAAAA/gAjMz1IZYSq/wIBCiAgAJo=</data>
			<key>#Inject</key>
			<true/>
			<key>#ProductID</key>
			<string>0x9221</string>
			<key>#VendorID</key>
			<string>0x1006</string>
			<key>#HorizontalSyncPulseWidth</key>
			<integer>100</integer>
			<key>#VideoInputSignal</key>
			<string>0xA5</string>
		</dict>
	</dict>

Custom is EDID obtained or created manually. You mostly don't need do it as Clover usually can obtain it by himself.

Inject=true informs Clover to inject Custom or Discovered EDID into video device properties. You have to set it to true is you do patches.

 ProductID and VendorID - may be you want to mimic your display to be Apple manufactured. But you should know what you do. Making this patch I found that Brightness control stop working. Remove this patch and brightness control is working again!

HorizontalSyncPulseWidth - this patch helps to resolve garbled screen at boot with Intel graphics. Known problem of 8 apples.

I see that the patch is still needed

			<dict>
				<key>Comment</key>
				<string>Patch 8 apples</string>
				<key>Disabled</key>
				<false/>
				<key>Find</key>
				<data>AQAAdRc=</data>
				<key>MatchOS</key>
				<string>10.11</string>
				<key>Name</key>
				<string>IOGraphicsFamily</string>
				<key>Replace</key>
				<data>AQAA6xc=</data>
			</dict>

but this patch alone is not full solution. The apple is broken for a several seconds and then restored.

With new Clover setting HorizontalSyncPulseWidth = 100 there is a full solution. The image is good and not jumped.

 

VideoInputSignal - this is additional patch for the same problem but I found no inluence.

Definition of the value is follow

Bit 7=1

Digital input. If set, the following bit definitions apply:

 

Bits 6–4 Bit depth: 000=undefined, 001=6, 010=8, 011=10, 100=12, 101=14, 110=16 bits per color, 111=reserved Bits 3–0 Video interface: 0000=undefined, 0001=HDMIa, 0010=HDMIb, 0100=MDDI, 0101=DisplayPort

 

My default values for desktop 0x80 (Digital, all undefined), for laptop 0x90 -6bits per color?! - not good.

It seems value 0xA0 will be better if used.

And I don't know interface for intenal screen.

 

Credits. I was informed by Derek about this patch but initially it was wrong (byte 64 while it must be 63+65).

https://github.com/1and1get2/Clover/commit/ee301efdcce8ae1e47be21267490753a0c145c1d

The discussion was at tmx site as well wrong and without result. And I don't know who is initial inventor because in those matter it can't work properly.

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Rev 4368, 4369
 
NVRAM and other runtime fixes for AptioFix.
 
Runtime code areas are no longer allowed to be relocated by boot.efi like runtime data areas. Runtime methods for NVRAM variables are shimmed to enable writing into runtime code regions during the methods, then disabled upon return. Native NVRAM should work for everyone now. AptioFix2 should be preferred over AptioFix, but you may need to calculate a slide value for now.

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Rev 4406

 

Updated built_gcc7.sh to create GCC 7.3 toolchain for use with './ebuild.sh -t GCC53'.

 

Note that latest binutils is 2.30, but due to some unresolved bug, all versions of binutils later than 2.27 cause build failures.

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Rev 4427-4429

FixHeaders should be in common ACPI section, it is not DSDT-only fix.

	<key>ACPI</key>
	<dict>
		<key>FixHeaders</key>
		<true/>

The FIX is recommended to all users even if you are not going to fix DSDT. 

Anyway the fix is safe.

 

Old setting inside DSDT fixes remains for backward compatibility but I recommend to exclude it from those section.

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      Bootloader > Install boot0af on the MBR CloverEFi > CloverEFI 64-bit SATA BIOS Drivers, 64 bit > Recommended drivers > FSInject + SMCHelper + XhciDxe BIOS Drivers, 64 bit > File System drivers > ApfsDriverLoader Install RC scripts on selected volume Optional RC scripts > Disable sleep proxy client.  
      You have to copy 4 kexts to the EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other folder of the USB device: FaceSMC 6.26-322, Lilu 1.4.4, WhateverGreen 1.3.9 and RealtekRTL8111 2.2.2. Regarding the config.plist file, the most significant is:
      Boot > kext-dev-mode = 1 in Boot arguments GUI > Theme embedded, EmbeddedThemeType Dark, Screen Resolution 1920x1080, Preboot in Hide Volume Graphics > blank, nothing is checked except if foxbox solution is used to have more than 2 connectors enabled RT Variables > 0x28 in BooterConfig and 0x67 in CsrActiveConfig SMBios > iMac14,2 Sytem Parameters> Yes in Inject Kexts and check Inject System ID.  
      Install macOS Catalina

      Boot from the USB device and choose Install macOS from Install macOS Catalina. The installation program runs until the PC restarts. Here choose Install macOS from HDD (the name of the volume you are installing macOS on). With RX 580 graphics card, the screen goes black in this second phase of the installation, it is a phase in which the user has nothing to do until the PC is restarted so you can let it work until the Clover menu again. You have to choose Boot macOS from HDDto boot the installed system from the hard disk, the screen is recovered and you can configure the account and the initial options. From this moment the screen works fine.

      In summary:
      Boot from USB > Clover menu > Install macOS from Install macOS Catalina > screen works fine Boot from USB > Clover menu > Install macOS from HDD > black screen Boot from USB > Clover menu > Boot macOS from HDD > screen works fine.  
      Install Clover and kexts on the hard drive

      Clover needs to be installed on the disk where we just installed macOS. Options are the same as when installing it on the USB memory. You also have to copy the 4 kexts (FaceSMC 6.26-322, Lilu 1.4.4, WhateverGreen 1.3.9 and RealtekRTL8111 2.2.2) into the EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other folder on the EFI partition of the disk. And review the config.plist file remembering the comments for the USB.

      If everything goes well, the computer starts from the hard disk with a running copy of macOS Catalina.
       
       

    • By miliuco
      Radeon RX 580 8 GB graphics card on macOS High Sierra (as of 10.13.6), Mojave and Catalina on the P55-USB3 board: excellent performance with acceleration (Metal) OOB, no need for drivers (kexts), with 3 drawbacks, one has to do with the boot of the operating system (a solution is proposed), another with the number of rear connectors enabled (a solution is proposed) and another that only affects to one phase of the Mojave or Catalina installation (without clear solution for now).

      I have placed the XFX AMD Radeon RX-580 P8DFD6 8GB Triple X Edition GDDR5, 256BIT, DVI + HDMI + 3DP graphics card on a 10 year old motherboard (Gigabyte P55-USB3) in order to update the hackintosh to 10.14 Mojave and 10.15 Catalina because the card that I have used in past years, Nvidia Geforce GTX 750 1GB, has stopped working after 10.13.6 High Sierra since this was the last version for which Nvidia published the alternate web drivers that were necessary for the card to work well with graphic acceleration.

      The new RX 580 card needs considerably more space than the old one although it fits perfectly in an ATX case, and requires an additional power connector. It has 2 big fans that most of the time are stopped, at least in my case. In macOS it works perfectly, even with Metal acceleration, without additional drivers and without extra settings in Clover. But it has drawbacks that I comment below.

      Alterations during startup

      During the boot of the operating system, when the screen goes from the basic driver to the AMD driver, 2 artifacts appear randomly, they are very short in duration (from one to a few seconds):
      Very short flashing white screen that may or may not be accompanied by purple lines The fans runs for a few seconds (the noise is clearly audible). This behavior is solved with the installation of 2 kexts, Lilu and WhateverGreen. Lilu is an extension created by acidantheraand vit9696 among others whose function is to help to patch kexts, processes and libraries during macOS boot. It is accompanied by specific plugins for the task required, for example WhateverGreen that injects necessary patches for certain AMD, Intel and Nvidia graphics cards. It is mandatory to have both extensions together, one of them separately does not correct the problem.
      I have installed Lilu 1.4.4 and WhateverGreen 1.3.9 in the EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other folder of the EFI partition and artifacts have disappeared. Remember that these 2 extensions are not necessary for the card to work properly, if you tolerate those very brief distortions of the screen or the noise of the fans running for a few seconds, you can live without Lilu and WhateverGreen.

      Note: authors recommend that when using Lilu and WhateverGreen with Radeon cards, NO graphic settings have to be added to Clover (Inject ATI, etc.).

      Note: these alterations, especially the brief white screen and less frequently purple lines and fan noise, are also seen in Windows and some real Macs with the same card.

      Alteration during macOS installation

      Boot from USB > Clover menu > Install macOS from Install macOS Catalina > screen works fine
      Boot from USB > Clover menu > Install macOS from MacintoshHD > black screen
      Booting from USB > Clover menu > Boot macOS from MacintoshHD > screen works fine.

      In the first and third stages, screen works fine. In the second stage the screen goes black although the installation continues. The user has nothing to do at this moment so you can leave the PC working until the Clover menu is shown again, the screen is recovered, the initial account options can be configured and you can enter into the newly installed system with correct resolution and acceleration.
      This behavior is not corrected even by placing Lilu and WhateverGreen into the USB device. At least in my case I have not found a solution for it. Yo can install macOS perfectly with that drawback of not seeing how it progresses during the second phase of the installation.

      Only 2 connectors of the 5 available work

      This card has 3 Display Port (DP) ports, 1 HDMI port and 1 DVI port. In my case, only 2 DP work, those that are further from the HDMI connector. It is enough if you use a single monitor or 2 monitors that can be connected by DP. But if you want to have 3 or more connected devices or some of them only have HDMI, it is necessary to enable the 5 connectors or at least 4 of them since the DVI is obsolete and does not allow resolutions as high as DP and HDMI.
      User foxbox has proposed a solution in a thread titled [Solved] Sapphire RX 580 Nitro + SE | black screen on HDMI and DVI. Must inject from Clover a modification to the Orinoco framebuffer (which is used in the RX 580 card) so that the 5 connectors lack a fixedly assigned address and, instead, receive it dynamically. This change is made from the KextsToPatch section of Clover. Read the post from foxbox.
      This has to be accompanied by 3 changes in the Graphics section of Clover: Orinoco in FB Name / Inject ATI / 5 in Video Ports. I have tested this solution in macOS Catalina and it effectively enables the 5 ports of the card but, since I only use 1 monitor, I have removed it and I am with Lilu and WhateverGreen.
       

    • By zazman
      Bonjour,
       
      Je rencontre un souci depuis la dernière maj supplémentaire catalina 10.15.4, même chose pour la 10.15.5 aujourd'hui : après le début de l'update, lorsque le pc redémarre, je ne vois pas le volume d'installation dans les volumes de l'écran de boot clover (v5118). j'ai juste Preboot dans les volumes cachés au démarrage, et j'ai essayé de les afficher, le préboot de l'install apparait bien mais le boot n'aboutit jamais par ce biais. du coup, je suis bloqué en 10.15.4. Auriez-vous une idée du problème ?
    • By y010204025
      Perhaps it was the first NEC (Lenovo) Lavie Z HZ550 to install hackintosh. I hope more people who like Lavie Z series can experience Hackintosh at HZ550. She is really great.
       
      I found HZ550 & HZ750 on the Chinese website, which is amazing. It weighs only 790g, 13.3 inches, and the standard 2k screen, which is too attractive to me. I am a Hackintosh enthusiast. I think HZ550 or HZ750 with MacOS is the best Unfortunately, the Lavie Z series is not listed in China, only exists in the Japanese and American markets, and in the Japanese market is the NEC brand, while the American market uses the Lenovo logo.
       
      Fortunately, I got an HZ550 from Taobao. Yes, not HZ750. In comparison, HZ750 has more touch screens and 360 ° flip. These are hard to attract me. More importantly, HZ750 is about 200g heavier than HZ550 That's why I chose HZ550. Well, because he is only 2,000 RMB.
       
      The specific introduction can refer to NEC Japan official website:http://nec-lavie.jp/products/hz13b/
       
      The HZ550 hardware list I obtained:
                                    
                       -/+:.          ningnan@ningnandeMacBook-Air
                      :++++.          OS: 64bit Mac OS X 10.15.5 19F96
                     /+++/.           Kernel: x86_64 Darwin 19.5.0
             .:-::- .+/:-``.::-       Uptime: 19m
          .:/++++++/::::/++++++/:`    Packages: 1
        .:///////////////////////:`   Shell: zsh 5.7.1
        ////////////////////////`     Resolution: 3840x2160
       -+++++++++++++++++++++++`      DE: Aqua
       /++++++++++++++++++++++/       WM: Quartz Compositor
       /sssssssssssssssssssssss.      WM Theme: Blue (Dark)
       :ssssssssssssssssssssssss-     Disk: 11G / 108G (12%)
        osssssssssssssssssssssssso/`  CPU: Intel Core i7-5500U @ 2.40GHz
        `syyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy+`  GPU: Intel Iris Graphics 6100
         `ossssssssssssssssssssss/    RAM: 4376MiB / 8192MiB
           :ooooooooooooooooooo+.    
            `:+oo+/:-..-:/+o+/-     
       
       
      Advantages: small size, light weight, 2K screen, 8G memory, 512g SSD, keyboard feels good, and wireless network card can be replaced, which is unimaginable in today's thin and light books.
      Disadvantages: The sound is small, almost the same as the mosquitoes.
       
      Ok, bragging is over!
      In order to use the wireless network, I changed the wireless network card from inter 7265 to BCM94352ZAE. Some people called it DW1560. It is uncomfortable that in China, this card and his elder brother DW1830 were hyped to a high price of 480RMB. of. Fortunately, I bought it early, and this card is also very stable under win10, and there is no high delay and outage. The hard disk should be PM951 of Samsung, not PM981, which is lucky.   Before installing Hackintosh: You need to prepare a 16G U disk, SanDisk is not a rough choice for making MacOS installation disk, I used the latest MacOS Catalina 10.15.5, got config.plist from Rehabman, and put together an EFI, the latest version of clover and kext drivers. Thanks to Rehabman and the developers of the Black Apple community. I do n’t like that OC team very much.
      Make an installation disk: If you have a computer running MacOS, you can use the command line to make it, if you do n’t have a computer running MacOS, you can try VMware, I know that the insanelymac forum allows discussion, or use ether to write the image to U disk, use the EFI I provided to boot into the installation process.   BIOS setting: Press F12 at boot to enter the BIOS settings, Tab switches to "Security-Secure boot", set to "DISable", this is what we need, and switch to "Boot -Boot devices", set the U disk as the first boot item You can directly enter the clover guide interface, please follow it for google it.
      It is worth noting that the remaining space of your EFI partition needs to be greater than 200M, otherwise, the disk format will be wrong. In addition, the format partition format is APFS, do not choose to encrypt, your data is not valuable, at least you must have this awareness of Hackintosh, the file safe is also the same, do not enable, do not use to find your mac, otherwise, change the machine, OK .   Fortunately, no additional ssdt patch is required. All the patch functions are implemented through clover. The flat Apple is turned on. This is to solve the problem of the flower screen. You can find a solution yourself.
      Experience your black apple, this will bring a better experience than MacBook Pro. EFI_HZ550.zip
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