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    • By Slice
      Since rev 4844 Vector Themes are supported and there are ready-to-use Clovy by Clovy, cesium by Slice and BGM_SVG by Blackosx.
      You may see it's structure to create own theme
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       
       
      Now I want to add vector graphics support in Clover. See rev 4560 and later.
      It is not working yet but designers may begin to create Vector Themes.
      It supposed to consist of SVG elements and has design size. It will be rendered to any screen size scaled from design size.
       
      What application in macOS can create SVG graphics?
      Inkscape is not working in macOS 10.11+. Pity.
      LibreOffice Draw works with SVG but buggy.
      Boxy SVG cost 10$ but looks good enough. It creates the best in simplicity files and have more then enough features.
      Illustrator is good but expensive.
       
      How to improve SVG file?
      Clover has restricted support for SVG. It is your job to make compatible file and as small as possible to speedup rendering.
      Some helps:
      Help:Inkscape – From invalid to valid SVG Inkscape files
      From invalid to valid SVG Adobe Illustrator files
      From invalid to valid SVG files of other editors: BKchem, ChemDraw and CorelDRAW
      Help:Illustrator – Assistance with creating and saving SVG images in Adobe Illustrator that will pass W3C validation
      User:Quibik/Cleaning up SVG files manually
      Later I will write own instructions specific to Clover abilities.
       
      How to create SVG fonts?
      You can google to find ready-to-use SVG fonts.  I found some problems with too beaty fonts: slow rendering and overflow crash. Be careful.
      You can get ttf or otf fonts and convert them into svg by using online WEB services. Not a problem to google.
      But then I want to find a way to simplify the font to reduce a size and speedup rendering.
      You can create own font by FontForge It is opensource and available for Windows, Mac and GNU+Linux. It creates otf font which you can convert to svg font.
       
      Pictures from Badruzeus
      https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/applications/core/interface/file/attachment.php?id=301597
    • By corbrink
      Hi,
      I have the following system:
      - Gigabyte Z370M-D3H M-ATX
      - Core i7-8700K Coffee Lake
      - Gigabyte Radeon RX 560 4GB
      - Crucial Ballistix 16GB DDR4
      - 960 EVO 1TB NVMe SSD
      - 850 EVO 500GB SSD
      - Crucial 500GB SSD
      - The 2 500GB SSD's run in Raid for data storage.
      - Western Digital 3TB HDD - Time machine
      - EFI here (too large to attach): EFI.zip

      Questions:
      1. I have a dual screen running from Radeon card, 1 on DP and 1 on HDMI. The one screen on DP goes randomly blank from time to time. Any ideas?
      2. I've read that the kexts should preferably be installed in /library/extensions. I would like to know what kexts should remain in the EFI. I read that you should install FakeSMC in both locations (EFI and L/E). If I follow this route must I change something in the config.plist?
      3. USB info in System Information (attached does not seem correct. I've followed the changes suggested but I'm not sure if this is the best it can be.
      4. Are there something in the EFI and config.plist I don't need or doing wrong?

      Feedback will be appreciated.


    • By ludufre
      [GUIA] Correção de assinatura BIOS Insyde H2O
       
      Recentemente comprei um notebook Lenovo L440 pra instalar o macOS Mojave e fui substituir a placa wireless pela DW1560 porque a atual não é compatível. Descobri que existia uma whitelist de placas permitidas que as fabricantes estão adotando recentemente (no meu caso utiliza uma bios Phoenix Insyde BIOS H2O).
       
      Procurei em fórums de BIOS MODDING e encontrei pessoas que fizeram o patch pra mim. Só que após substituir a BIOS notei que o computador ficava apitando 5 vezes todas vez que ligava e fui me aprofundar no caso. E foi aí que descobri como resolver isso e por isso criei esse guia baseado nas informações que achei em alguns fóruns russos.
       
       
      Prefácio
       
      Quando a BIOS falha no teste te integridade, algumas funcionalidades Intel AMT param de funcionar e é emitido uma sequência de 5 apitos duas vezes no boot.
      Após modificar para remover whitelist (habilitar placas WI-FI não autorizadas), destravar MSR 0xe2 (hackintosh), habilitar menu avançado, etc. a BIOS não vai passar no teste de integridade causando esse problema.
      Essa verificação de integridade é feita através da assinatura RSA do bloco da BIOS chamado TCPABIOS (mais informações abaixo) com a chave pública no formato modulus 3 também armazenada na BIOS.
      Esse bloco TCPABIOS armazena os checksums de cada volume da BIOS.
       
      O que faremos é gerar novos checkums para esses volumes que foram modificados, gerar um para de chaves RSA (privada e pública), assinar esse bloco com a chave privada e substituir a chave pública.
       
       
      Ferramentas necessárias
       
      - EFITool NE alpha 54: https://github.com/LongSoft/UEFITool/releases
      - HxD 2.1.0: https://mh-nexus.de/en/hxd/
      - OpenSSL: http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/openssl.htm (Download -> Binaries)
      - Microsoft File Checksum Integrity Verifier (FCIV.exe): https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=11533
       
      Passo a passo
       
      Vamos abrir a BIOS modificada, localizar o bloco TCPABIOS e entender sua anatomia.
       
      1. Abra a BIOS no HxD
       

      (Vamos utilizar nesse guia a BIOS modificada no fórum MyDigitalLife.com pelo usuário Serg008 para o notebook Lenovo B590)
       
      2. Busque a palavra TCPABIOS:
       


       
      3. O bloco começa com TCPABIOS e termina com antes de TCPACPUH
       

       
      4. Anatomia:
       
      54 43 50 41 42 49 4F 53 48 31 38 34 61 31 31 2F
      32 36 2F 31 33 49 42 4D 53 45 43 55 52 00 FD 27
      34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B
      77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00
      00 00 00 00 00 00 27 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
      00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
      00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF 83 04 D4
      52 52 95 C5 D7 21 55 78 0E 5C AD 47 EE C4 3D 1D
      C1 EC 69 03 2B 51 A5 42 61 96 22 F9 7B 88 57 B7
      A8 9D D0 20 DB 5B 11 10 55 07 84 6C 62 DF FA 2F
      6A A8 43 0C 8A 40 AF 79 0D 31 DB 5A 5D C8 2F EB
      F8 7C 87 B0 A6 3D 2A 88 AE 91 9D 88 E3 AA 85 E3
      5A B3 91 7F 28 68 1F BA 92 C4 7E 10 F5 1A 7E 75
      A9 6F CE C0 4F BA FA 79 A5 98 2B 50 60 BA 09 73
      7B 03 D1 0C 3E A2 9C 44 DF E9 F2 92 34 7B
       
      Cinza: Nome e informações do bloco
      Vermelho: Informações dos volumes (Checksum e Cabeçalho)
      Azul: Separação da lista de volumes para a assinatura do bloco
      Verde: Assinatura do bloco TCPABIOS são os últimos 128 bytes
       
      Lista de Volumes:
       
      Cada volume tem o formato: 00 FD 27 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00
                                                      (prefixo 3 bytes + checksum 20 bytes + offset 4 bytes + tamanho do volume 6 bytes + separador do fim 6 bytes)
       
      Os volumes são enumerados e utilizam o primeiro byte no prefixo para isso (00 FD 27), começando do 0.
      A BIOS utilizada nesse exemplo possui somente um volume, mas no caso de mais de um volume, seria: 00 FD 27 .., 01 FD 27 ..., 02 FD 27 ...
      - Checksum é o cálculo SHA1 do volume.
      - Offset é a posição do volume dentro da BIOS. Os bytes ficam invertidos, nesse caso seria 00 00 00 48 ou seja: 48h
      - Tamanho do volume também está com os bytes invertidos, então: 1F18CEh
       
      Então é isso. Precisamos corrigir essas informações (checksum, offset e tamanho)
       
      5. Para extrair os volumes abra a BIOS com o UEFITool e veja como identificar os volumes (nosso exemplo há somente um volume, se houvessem outros estariam também dentro de EfiFirmwareFileSystemGuid):
       

       
      Na BIOS original, circulado em vermelho podemos ver o nosso volume.
      Observe que em azul temos Offset e verde o tamanho. Exatamente como verificamos acima no HxD. Já na BIOS modificada vemos que está diferente o tamanho:
      Oridinal: 1F18CEh
      Modificada: 1F12D5h (vamos precisar disso mais tarde)
       
      6. Vamos extrair esse volume escolhendo a opção “Extract as is...”
       
       
       
      7. Utilize esse comando para obter o checkum desse volume: fciv.exe -sha1 File_Volume_image_FvMainCompact.ffs
       

       
      Agora temos o checksum que é 396e0dc987219b4369b1b9e010166302ce635202
       
      8. Substitua as informações no bloco TCPABIOS:
       

       
      Observe que o tamanho do volume precisa ter os bytes invertidos, então se o total são 6 bytes e é 1F12D5h, fica D5 12 1F 00 00 00 no lugar de CE 18 1F 00 00 00.
      Se o offset for diferente, também realizar o mesmo procedimento invertendo os bytes.
      Checksum alterar de 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 para 39 6E 0D C9 87 21 9B 43 69 B1 B9 E0 10 16 63 02 CE 63 52 02
       
      Faça esse procedimento para cada volume na BIOS.
       
      9. Agora precisamos gerar o checksum de todo o bloco TCPABIOS mas sem considerar os últimos 131 bytes, ou seja desconsiderar de FF FF 83 + 80 bytes da assinatura anterior.
       
      Copie para um novo arquivo no HxD e salve como tcpabios
       

       
      Utilize o comando para gerar o checksum desse bloco: fciv.exe -sha1 tcpabios
       

       
      Checksum do bloco TCPABIOS: 0da6715509839a376b0a52e81fdf9683a8e70e52
       
      Crie um novo arquivo no HxD e adicione 108 bytes com 00 e cole o checksum no final e salve como tcpabios_sha, ficando assim:
       

       
      10. Agora vamos gerar a chave privada RSA com modulus 3: openssl genrsa -3 -out my_key.pem 1024
       

       
      Assinar o arquivo tcpabios_sha: openssl rsautl -inkey my_key.pem -sign -in tcpabios_hash -raw > tcpabios_sign
       

       
      Agora aproveite para gerar a chave publica: openssl rsa -in my_key.pem -outform der -pubout -out my_key_pub.der
       

       
      E gerar modulus 3 da chave pública: openssl rsa -pubin -inform der -in my_key_pub.der -text -noout
       

       
      Copie e cole a chave em um arquivo de texto para utilizar daqui a pouco. Remova todos os “:” e coloque tudo em uma única linha, ficando assim:
       

       
      11.   Abra o arquivo tcpabios_sign no HxD, copie o conteúdo e substitua a assinatura no final do bloco TCPABIOS:
       
       
       
      12. Agora vamos localizar na BIOS o local da chave pública e substituir. Essa chave começa com 12 04 e termina com 01 03 FF e fica após o bloco TCPABBLK.
       
      A chave fica assim: 12 04 + 81 bytes + 01 03 FF. Faça uma busca por 01 03 FF para localizar mais facilmente. Verifique se antes dos 81 bytes tem os bytes 12 04 para ter certeza que achou.
       

       

       
      Agora substitua pela chave pública que ficou anotado no arquivo de texto anteriormente, ficando assim:
       

       
       
      Salve e está pronto. Sua BIOS está assinada e pronta.
       
    • By ludufre
      [GUIDE] Fix Insyde H2O BIOS signature (5 beeps on Lenovo)
       
      I recently bought a Lenovo L440 laptop to install the Mojave macOS and I replaced the wireless card with the DW1560 because the current one is not compatible. I discovered that there was a whitelist of enabled cards that manufacturers are adopting recently (in my case it uses a Phoenix Insyde BIOS H2O).
       
      I searched the BIOS Modding forums and found people who did the patch for me. But after replacing the BIOS I noticed that the computer keep beeping 5 times every time I boot. So, I went deeper into this issue and that's when I figured out how to solve it. Then I created this guide based on the information I found in some Russian forums.
       
      Preface
       
      When the BIOS integrity test fails, some Intel AMT functionality stops working and a sequence of 5 whistles is issued twice at boot.
      After modifying to remove whitelist (enable unauthorized WI-FI cards), unlock MSR 0xe2 (hackintosh), enable advanced menu, etc. the BIOS will not pass the integrity test causing this problem.
      This integrity check is done through the RSA signature of the BIOS block called TCPABIOS (more information below) with the public key in modulus 3 format also stored in the BIOS.
      This TCPABIOS block stores the checksums of each BIOS volume.
       
      What we will do is generate new checksum for those volumes that have been modified, generate a RSA (private and public) key pair, sign that block with the private key, and replace the public key.
       
       
      Tools needed
       
      - EFITool NE alpha 54: https://github.com/LongSoft/UEFITool/releases
      - HxD 2.1.0: https://mh-nexus.de/en/hxd/
      - OpenSSL: http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/openssl.htm (Download -> Binaries)
      - Microsoft File Checksum Integrity Verifier (FCIV.exe): https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=11533
       
      Step by step
       
      Let's open the modified BIOS, locate the TCPABIOS block and understand its anatomy.
       
      1. Open the BIOS with HxD
       

      (We will use the modded BIOS in the MyDigitalLife.com forum by the Serg008 user for the Lenovo B590 laptop in this guide)
       
      2. Find the word TCPABIOS:
       


       
      3. The block starts with TCPABIOS and ends before TCPACPUH
       

       
      4. Anatomy:
       
      54 43 50 41 42 49 4F 53 48 31 38 34 61 31 31 2F
      32 36 2F 31 33 49 42 4D 53 45 43 55 52 00 FD 27
      34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B
      77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00
      00 00 00 00 00 00 27 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
      00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
      00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF 83 04 D4
      52 52 95 C5 D7 21 55 78 0E 5C AD 47 EE C4 3D 1D
      C1 EC 69 03 2B 51 A5 42 61 96 22 F9 7B 88 57 B7
      A8 9D D0 20 DB 5B 11 10 55 07 84 6C 62 DF FA 2F
      6A A8 43 0C 8A 40 AF 79 0D 31 DB 5A 5D C8 2F EB
      F8 7C 87 B0 A6 3D 2A 88 AE 91 9D 88 E3 AA 85 E3
      5A B3 91 7F 28 68 1F BA 92 C4 7E 10 F5 1A 7E 75
      A9 6F CE C0 4F BA FA 79 A5 98 2B 50 60 BA 09 73
      7B 03 D1 0C 3E A2 9C 44 DF E9 F2 92 34 7B
       
      Gray: Name and Block Information
      Red: Volume Information (Checksum and Header)
      Blue: Separation of the list of volumes and the block signature
      Green: Signature of the TCPABIOS block are the last 128 bytes
       
      List of Volumes:
       
      Each volume has the format: 00 FD 27 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00
                                              (Prefix 3 bytes + checksum 20 bytes + offset 4 bytes + volume size 6 bytes + end delimiter 6 bytes)
       
      The volumes are enumerated and use the first byte in the prefix for this (00 FD 27), starting at 0.
      The BIOS used in this example has only one volume, but in the case of more than one volume, it would be: 00 FD 27 .., 01 FD 27 ..., 02 FD 27 ...
      - Checksum is SHA1 calculation of the volume.
      - Offset is the volume position within the BIOS. The bytes are inverted, in this case it would be 00 00 00 48, equals to 48h
      - Volume Size is also with the bytes inverted, then: 1F18CEh
       
      Then that's it. We need to correct this information (checksum, offset and size)
       
      5. To extract the volumes open the BIOS with the UEFITool and see how to identify the volumes (our example there is only one volume if there were others would also be inside EfiFirmwareFileSystemGuid):
       

       
      In the original BIOS, circled in red we can see our volume.
      Note that in blue we have offset and green the size. Exactly as we checked up on HxD. In the modified BIOS we see that the size is different:
      Original: 1F18CEh
      Modified: 1F12D5h (we'll need this later)
       
      6. Let's extract this volume to calculate the checksum by choosing the "Extract as is ..."
       
       
       
      7. Use this command to get the checksum of this volume: fciv.exe -sha1 File_Volume_image_FvMainCompact.ffs
       

       
      Now we have the checksum that is 396e0dc987219b4369b1b9e010166302ce635202
       
      8. Replace the information in the TCPABIOS block:
       

       
      Note that the volume size must have the bytes inverted, so if the total is 6 bytes and is 1F12D5h, becomes D5 12 1F 00 00 00 in place of CE 18 1F 00 00 00.
      If the offset is different, also perform the same process by inverting the bytes.
      Checksum change from 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 to 39 6E 0D C9 87 21 9B 43 69 B1 B9 E0 10 16 63 02 CE 63 52 02
       
      Do this for each volume in the BIOS.
       
      9. Now we need to generate the checksum of the whole TCPABIOS block but without considering the last 131 bytes, that is to dismiss FF FF 83 + 80 bytes from the previous signature.
       
      Copy to a new file in HxD and save as tcpabios
       

       
      Use the command to generate the checksum of this block: fciv.exe -sha1 tcpabios
       

       
      Checksum of TCPABIOS block: 0da6715509839a376b0a52e81fdf9683a8e70e52
       
      Create a new file in HxD and add 108 bytes with 00 and paste the checksum at the end and save as tcpabios_hash, thus:
       

       
      10. Now let's generate the RSA private key with modulus 3: openssl genrsa -3 -out my_key.pem 1024
       

       
      Sign the file tcpabios_hash: openssl rsautl -inkey my_key.pem -sign -in tcpabios_hash -raw > tcpabios_sign
       

       
      Now enjoy to generate the public key: openssl rsa -in my_key.pem -outform der -pubout -out my_key_pub.der
       

       
      And generate public key modulus 3: openssl rsa -pubin -inform der -in my_key_pub.der -text -noout
       

       
      Copy and paste the key into a text file to use soon. Remove all ":" and put everything on a single line, thus:
       

       
      11.   Open the tcpabios_sign file in HxD, copy the contents and replace the signature at the end of the TCPABIOS block:
       
       
       
      12. Now let's locate the location of the public key in the BIOS and replace it. This key starts with 12 04 and ends with 01 03 FF and is after the TCPABBLK block.
       
      The key looks like this: 12 04 + 81 bytes + 01 03 FF. Search for 01 03 FF to locate more easily. Verify that before the 81 bytes have bytes 12 04 to make sure you found.
       

       

       
      Now substitute for the public key that was annotated in the text file previously, thus:
       

       
       
      Save and you're ready. Your BIOS is signed and ready.
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