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Atualizando o kernel do Ubuntu para uma nova versão - 3.15.5

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Greg Kroah-Hartman anunciou nessa quarta-feira (9), o lançamento do Linux Kernel 3.15.5. Se você quiser atualizar seu sistema para essa nova versão, veja abaixo como fazer isso.

 

O kernel 3.15.5 traz várias melhorias, como atualizações para algumas arquiteturas, novos recursos, bem como outras correções variadas e melhorias para alguns drivers. Para ver as principais novidades desse kernel, acesse esse link.

 

Antes de iniciar começar a atualizar o kernel do Ubuntu, saiba que este é um procedimento que apesar de simples, exige conhecimentos avançados do sistema e deve ser feito por sua própria conta e risco.

 

Como atualizar o kernel do Ubuntu para a versão 3.15.5

 

Para atualizar seu kernel para a versão 3.15.5 do Ubuntu 14.04 e derivados, faça o seguinte


Passo 1. Abra um terminal (Usando o Dash ou pressionando as teclas CTRL+ALT+T);


Passo 2. Verifique qual a arquitetura de seu sistema acessando as Configurações do Sistema e a opção “Detalhes” ou usando o comando abaixo:

uname -m

Passo 3. Se estiver usando um sistema de 32 bits, baixe os arquivos DEB com os comandos:

wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.15.5-utopic/linux-headers-3.15.5-031505-generic_3.15.5-031505.201407091543_i386.deb
wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.15.5-utopic/linux-headers-3.15.5-031505_3.15.5-031505.201407091543_all.deb
wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.15.5-utopic/linux-image-3.15.5-031505-generic_3.15.5-031505.201407091543_i386.deb

Passo 4. Se estiver usando um sistema de 64 bits, baixe os arquivos DEB com os comandos:

wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.15.5-utopic/linux-headers-3.15.5-031505-generic_3.15.5-031505.201407091543_amd64.deb
wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.15.5-utopic/linux-headers-3.15.5-031505_3.15.5-031505.201407091543_all.deb
wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.15.5-utopic/linux-image-3.15.5-031505-generic_3.15.5-031505.201407091543_amd64.deb

Passo 5. Instale o kernel com o comando:

​sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-3.15.5-*.deb linux-image-3.15.5-*.deb

Passo 6. Reinicie o sistema com o comando abaixo:

sudo reboot

Passo 7. Se você tiver algum problema e quiser desinstalar o atual kernel, reinicie o computador com um kernel anterior (usando Grub -> Advanced -> select previous kernel) e quando iniciar o sistema, faça login, abra um terminal e execute o comando abaixo para remover o Linux Kernel 3.15.5:

sudo apt-get remove linux-headers-3.15.5-*.deb linux-image-3.15.5-*.deb

Nota: Todos os drivers que não fazem parte da principal árvore do kernel (o que obviamente inclui drivers proprietários) devem ser recompilados para novas versões do kernel.

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