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So you've been reading the forum on this brand new boot loader called OpenCore hoping to try it out but you take one look at the configurations PDF and take a step back in shock at the complexity! Well if you've been feeling a bit intimidated by the DOCS well you've come to the right place:
OpenCore Vanilla Desktop Guide
If you have any issues or suggestions please feel free to comment
- Your local neighbourhood Hackintosh Slav
I have installed OSx86 10.11 (El Capitan) on April 2016 on my Asus Z170 Deluxe system.
For installation I used this Thread.
I used it a lot and it worked well. Meanwhile I switched to Linux and I use Win10 time to time. So OSX was forgotten. Also it did not boot correctly anymore.
Now I wanted to start with a fresh installation and use OSX more often again. I want to use OSX 10.13 High Sierra. Is it working on my Asus Z170 Deluxe? I have the same Hardware as of April 2016 only the graphics card was updated to a Nvidia GTX1080.
My Hardware in detail: Asus Z-170-Deluxe (Bios 3801), i7-6700k, EVGA GeForce GTX 1080 SC GAMING ACX 3.0, Samsung 950 Pro/M2 NVME 512MB, HDD 4 TB)
Can I use some of support files from the old thread for the installation (see attachment)? Can I still use Clover 2.3k r3292 Special Edition v2 ? Or do I need a newer version?
Has someone installed High Sierra successfully on the Asus Z170 Deluxe ?
About some hints where to start I would be thankful.
after years I come back to Hackintosh. In the early days I played with ozmosis and my good old 4700k. Now I'm back and worked around a 100% working setup with enough power to get me through all my tasks like audio, video cut etc.
In this short tutorial I will guide you through BIOS Settings and give you access to my EFI Folder. This I do because I haven't found anything on the web for my setup. Maybe it will help some of you. When you follow the steps you will have a perfect running Hackintosh like I do have now
I've chosen the iMac 18,3 because of the easy integration of both Graphic Units and the support of HEVC.
CPU: Intel i7 9700k (Overclocked in Bios to 4,7 GHz)
SMBIOS: iMac18,3 (Because of Dedicated Graphics and HEVC Intel Support)
RAM: 32GB G.Skill Trident Z RGB DDR4-3200 DIMM CL16 (XMP Profile to 3200MHz)
Motherboard: MSI MPG Z390 GAMING PRO CARBON (MS-7b17) <- It's the model without WLAN/Bluetooth
Graphic Card: Sapphire RX580 Nitro+
Bluetooth & WLAN: Broadcom Card in PCI Adapter
What is working:
Almost everything! All USB Ports, Intel Power Management, Bluetooth, WLAN, LAN, Intel Graphics HEVC, Boot/Reboot, Sleep
What is not working:
Facetime & iMessage (Don't need it but I will come back to this)
1. Create Mojave 10.14.5 USB Drive | https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9CZDXxKfodE&t=95s | Us this tutorial or search the forum
2. Load my EFI Folder: https://workupload.com/file/zkJ4zdQk
3. Go into your bios and use my settings in the Screenshot I attached
4. Boot from USB Stick | Install Mojave | Boot into Mojave (Check other Tutorials if you don't know how)
5. Generate Serials with Clover Configurator
6. Happy Hackintosh Life!
Kext I use:
AppleALC.kext | Needed for Sound
BrcmFirmwareData.kext | Needed for my WLAN/Bluetooth Card
BrcmNonPatchRAM2.kext | Needed for my WLAN/Bluetooth Card
BrcmPatchRAM2.kext | Needed for my WLAN/Bluetooth Card
CodecCommander.kext | Fix Problems after Sleep
CPUFriend.kext | Perfect Power Management for my CPU
CPUFriendDataProvider.kext | Perfect Power Management for my CPU
FakePCIID_Broadcom_WiFi.kext | Needed for my WLAN/Bluetooth Card
FakePCIID.kext | Needed for my WLAN/Bluetooth Card
FakeSMC.kext | Standard
IntelMausiEthernet.kext | Ethernet
Lilu.kext | Standard
USBInjectAll.kext | To fix all USB Ports
WhateverGreen.kext | Needed for graphics
If you have success with my little tutorial and EFI Build let me know! Hope you reach the desktop and will be happy!
GigaByte Z390 M Gaming
Intel Core i9-9900K
CoolerMaster MasterLiquid ML120R RGB
Corsair Dominator Platinum 16GB (2 x 8GB)
Sapphiretech Radeon RX 590 8 GB GDDR5
Samsung 970 EVO NVMe M2 Flash Drive
EVGA 750 N1, 750W
TP-Link Archer T9E
Thermaltake View 21 Tempered Glass Edition
-FIX ERRORS AND WARNINGS -FIX ACPI ERRORS -REMOVE UNUSED SCOPES / DEVICES -HIGH PRECISION EVENT TIMER -SATA SERIE 10 ID -DMAC -REMOVE 22K LINES, PROBLEMATIC and UNUSED -FIX K.P in REBOOT -NVRAM / REAL TIME CLOCK -SLPB -DARWIN / WINDOWS 2015 -XHCI -PLUGIN TYPE -HDAS to HDEF -HDEF -REAL TIME CLOCK -ARTC -IRQs -SBUS -MIKEY -BUS1 -MCHC -ALS0 -SHUTDOWN -UAR1 -LAN -FWHD -USBX -PMCR -PPMC -XSPI -GMM -IMEI -EC -PNLF -ARPT -GFX0 -NVME -DTGP -ACQUIRE MUT0 0XFFFF -OPERATION REGION GPIO -MUTEX MUT0 0x00 -EXTERNAL REFERENCES -UNKNOWNOBJ -HDMI / HDAU -FULL RENAMED DEVICES
--USB-C-- test with SanDisk Ultra USB-STICK 128gb
-Credits and thanks to the old and new people in the community who developed patches, kexts and bootloaders!
Slice, Kabyl, usr-sse2, jadran, Blackosx, dmazar, STLVNUB, pcj, apianti, JrCs, pene, FrodoKenny, skoczy, ycr.ru, Oscar09, xsmile, SoThOr, RehabMan, Download-Fritz, Zenit432, cecekpawon, Intel, Apple, Oracle, Chameleon Team, crazybirdy, Mieze, Mirone, Oldnapalm, netkas, Elconiglio, artut-pt, ErmaC, Pavo, Toleda, Master Chief and family, bcc9, The King, PMheart, Sherlocks, Micky1979, vit9696, vandroiy2013, Voodoo Team, Pike R. Alpha, lvs1974, Austere.J, CVad, Sampath007, onemanosx, erroruser, Jenny David, Olarila Facebook Community, Hackintosh Facebook Community and many others!
We're all here to have fun and learn from each other!
The H370 chipset powers 8th generation Intel Core-i CPUs. Even though the name H370 rings comparable to Z370, the H370 is based on newer silicon. This it also requires some new approaches compared to the Z370. An example would be on-die USB 3.1 and WiFi support.
Since this guide is not a "hold-your-hand-every-step" guide, I assume you know:
Clover installation and configuration How to create an install medium for MacOS Access and configure the BIOS Have heard of ACPI patching (I'm a newb at this myself)
Sleep (via DSDT edits and emulated NVRAM) On-board Audio (via AppleALC and native AppleHDA) Native power management (without any kext or patch) All USB ports (and only those present are active) iGPU for both acceleration and display dGPU (I'm running an Nvidia GTX 1080)
NIC --> I'm using WiFi only
What doesn't work
Native NVRAM via AptioMemoryFix.efi DMVT Pre-alloc higher than 64MB (but not necessary)
User @Panzerschiffe added a helpful post, altering this guide for user with AMD cards and not needing on-board sound.
He also runs Mojave, which I don't run yet.
Changes to the guide:
22.5.18: Added SSDT hot-patching to enable sleep, replacing DSDT static patching as an alternative.
23.5.18: Add iMac18,1 as alternative SMBIOS config for those relying on the iGPU for output
25.6.18: Added update info
28.8.18: Small changes for clarity, changed info for afps loading & updated USB patch for 13.6
04.10.18: Update to Mojave will come once Mojave is more mature
02.12.18: Removed unnecessary patches, fakepciid and audio patch method & linked to AMD post & added whatevergreen.kext as replacement for previous GPU kexts
02.03.19: Removed unnecessary fakeid and ig_platform_id injections, ACPI patches - this is all handled by whatevergreen & lilu. In testing is a Framebuffer patch, see this post.
04.03.19: Added Germany keyboard layout and updated pre-patched DSDT.aml removed DSDT patching
This guide heavy inspired by the work of /u/corpnewt of /r/hackintosh and his (sorta) Vanilla guide
1.1 Create the install media for MacOS
Follow this, if you are using a Mac to start off with. If you are totally new to MacOS, then please check the basic guide Creation of an installer media in windows or linux
1.2 Install Clover on the install media
Using the Clover installer, ensure you are installing to the USB medium you are using for the installer.
Chose the following options, leaving the others on default:
UEFI driver: AptioMemoryFix UEFI driver: ApfsDriverLoader UEFI booting only Install to ESP
You have to get your hands on an apfs.efi. A google search can help, or extracting it from the Installer package. Make sure you procure a version matching the MacOS version you are about to install. Place the apfs.efi in drivers64UEFI.
1.2 Adjust the config.plist for the installer
You can use the config.plist attached as a guideline, but take a look at it before and at least adjust the SMBIOS - otherwise it won't boot.
Attention: The attached plist contains audio patches introduced by a post-install step. If you run into problems, you might remove those. It also contains a manual slide value, which should normally not be needed, but works fine for me. It is also tuned for usage with an Nvidia Pascal dGPU as main GPU.
The config you create now should serve you nicely for install and running the system.
Take care of adding the following basics:
SMBIOS: iMac18,3 - You can generate a serial number via Clover Configurator. The creation of a proper SMBIOS is covered in many guides to good extend Note: If you aim at using the iGPU for output, a user reported that iMac18,1 works better - since iMac18,3 produces severe flicker. I'm now also testing 18,1 Look at the graphics section and adjust the injection for Intel to your situation
Change 0x59120003 to 0x59120000 if you don't use a dGPU as your main display Driver and instead use the iGPU for output.
Also note. SMBIOS iMac18,1 has been reported to work better in this configuration. But 18,3 works fine for me.
Kernel and Kext patches
1.3 kexts and friends
Add the supplied SSDT-UAIC.aml to "patched" - it limits the injected USB Ports to the actual number and ports valid for this board.
Required kexts on "Other":
FakeSMC.kext Whatevergreen.kext Lilu.kext AppleALC.kext IntelMausiEthernet.kext in case you're running Ethernet USBInjectAll.kext with the HCI-300-series-injector.kext --> These two should be installed to /L/E after install
We are leaving sound out at the moment, this is something for post-install.
1.4 Check BIOS and install
You should be ready for install. But before you reboot, please take a look at your BIOS and set it up accordingly (copied from the aforementioned guide and adapted):
Load Optimized Defaults Disable VT-d setting If your system has Secure Boot Mode, disable it Enable CSM - This is sometimes needed to dual screens to work Set OS Type to Windows 8/10 or OtherOS - I have not seen a difference Turn off internal Serial and Parallel port Turn off Network stack for boot Turn off wake-on-lan (for now) Set XHCI Handoff to enabled Don't enable decode over 4G Depending on your GPU, set priority for boot Set internal GPU (iGPU) to enable - not auto or disabled Set DMVT pre-alloc min to 64MB and max to 128MB. For this selection to appear you might need to reboot after setting iGPU to enable Set USB legacy to enabled Activate XMP profile 1 f your Ram has it (mine doesn't and I added the timings manually) Set ERP to enable, disable platform power management (I need to do more research if this could be enabled)
I've attached my current BIOS config "hack2". You can place that on a fat32 drive (the EFI partition of your install USB drive might be an idea) and see if it loads. It's made for and with the F2 BIOS.
The install itself should be like other MacOS Hackintosh installs with it several reboots and ensuring to select the correct boot device in Clover.
2.1 Install clover on target
This is a no-brainer, but install a fresh copy of Clover on your target medium.
During install select again AptioMemoryFix but also additionally
EmuVariableUefi-64.efi Install RC scripts on target volume because otherwise NVRAM doesn't seem to work
After the install, copy
config.plist contents of "Other" content of "patched" to your new clover install.
2.2 Edit ACPI for slumber
Choose one option, not both. The hot-patch is experimental, but for the moment it is stable.
2.2.1 Edit DSDT
No more need for manual DSDT patching. If you still do it, you might run into unstable sleep. SSDT hot-patching + sane clover.config edits are enough
This is necessary only once on initial install and every time, you edit or upgrade the BIOS. The DSDT.aml attached to this post might work for your system or give you a file to compare to. Don't expect it to work for you, though.
EDIT: Since moving from F2 BIOS to F12 I did not repatch and sleep is still somewhat reliable. But to be 100% sure, you can still follow these steps.
I won't go into the details of DSDT extraction and patching. There are better guides (the linked guide is a rip-off of rehabman's guide from a different forum). Please follow such a guide to extract your ACPI data.
Locate and disassemble the DSDT with the newest iasl binary you can put your hands on, then open it with MacIASL in its newest version you can find (Hint: Here is a good source) You can check if the version is new enough if MacIASL doesn't throw error upon compiling a freshly extracted DSDT.aml or DSDT.dst
Add rehabmans repo (as per linked guide) and apply the following patches:
Rename _DSM to _XDSM Fix _WAK Arg0 v2 USB3 _PRW 0x6D Skylake (instant wake) Find the CNVW device and remove the _PWR function there.
Compile the DSDT and place it in "patched".
2.2.2 Use SSDT hot-patching
Instead of having to re-extract and re-patch the DSDT on every BIOS change or update, Hardware change one can also use ACPI hot-patching.
It's a combination of config.plist patches and an SSDT, which is hot-patched into the ACPI (if I understand the process correctly)
You need to add this SSDT-GPRW.aml to your Clover folder in the designated position at Clover/ACPI/patched You need to add this patch to your config.plist. It goes into the DSDT patch section
Note: This works for me, but the patch removes the _PRW method from all devices in the DSDT. This could have side-effects. So far, I have seen none. At the moment I'm also not applying any other patch, compared with the additional edits I made to the DSDT method before.
2.3 Install kexts to system
As mentioned in the install section, it's better to follow rehabman's instruction and install USBinjectAll.kext to /L/E:
sudo cp -R Release/USBInjectAll.kext /Library/Extensions sudo touch /System/Library/Extensions && sudo kextcache -u / 2.4 Enable onboard Audio - Install AppleALC kext
Make sure your EFI partition is mounted and that you have a vanilla AppleHDA kext available. See below for a guide how to get a vanilla AppleHDA if needed
Note: Our Audio codec is ALC887 and it's running with layout ID 1.
Download the newest AppleALC kext from here and install it together with lilu.kext from here into your usual /clover/kexts/others location. Done. No scripts or config.plist patches necessary.
Add layout ID 1 to config.plist, if it's not there yet:
<key>Audio</key> <dict> <key>Inject</key> <integer>1</integer> <key>ResetHDA</key> <true/> </dict> If you previously installed any audio patches, please follow this guide to "vanilla-ize" your install.
2.5 Optional steps for Graphics
If you have a dGPU, now it's the time to install its drivers and adjust the config.plist for it. The detaisl are specific to your GPU and thus of scope of this guide. Yet, my supplied config.plist is ready to be used with Nvidia Pascal cards and using the Nvidia web driver.
Whatevergreen.kext helps with Intel iGPU and NVIDIA dGPU fixes.
At the moment I'm also testing out a special bootflag: 'shikigva=12' to enable faster rendering in Final Cut Pro X. Without whatevergreen.kext and a shikigva bootflag, rendering in final cut seem very slow.
If you're facing problems with output from your internal GPU, you can try the framebuffer patches listed by @BackwardMac:
2.6 Install a proper keyboard layout
You might not be using a fancy Apple branded keyboard. If you use a PC keyboard, you might be annoyed by the differing layout and usage of keys. As a German, you might find yourself quitting applications, since alt gr + Q won't add an @, but quit your current application. To fix this, you can simply install a different keyboard layout. Copy it to /Library/Keyboard Layouts/ and chose the layout in System Preferences, Keyboard in the section "Other". Deleting the previously selecting layout makes sure that only this one is used. Nice little trick.
A keyboard layout for German keyboards is attached and works wonders
Updating inside 10.3.x/ 10.4.x point updates doesn't require much attention:
Download the update from the AppStore as any Mac would do Allow the system to reboot Before booting MacOS with Clover, make sure to disable extra drivers for dGPUs which require non-native support. If using an Nvidia dGPU: Remove "nvda_drv=1" from your boot arguments and disable Nvidia injection If using a non natively supported AMD card, do the same for AMD (I'm not using AMD, thus I cannot be specific) Boot into the newly created Install MacOS partition Repeat this process until the Install partition is gone Boot MacOS again, still following 3., and potentially install updated drivers Your Audio might require re-patching
Move away from static DSDT patching to SSDT hotpatching --> requires my work Native NVRAM --> requires developer work Audio without AppleHDA patching --> requires developer work
5. Thanks to
@MaLd0nfor helping finding the right way with the DSDT
@RehabMan, for being a legend and helping me out patching
@toleda, for audio patches for the 300 series
/u/corpnewt, for his superb vanilla guide
@wmchris for his super XPS 9550 guide and introducing me to hot-patching
@Panzerschiffe for his addition to this guide
all the developers of clover and it's awesomeness