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  1. Install Windows 8 UEFI on Legacy BIOS with Clover (and Dual boot with Yosemite) In this tutorial I am going to explain how to install Windows 8 on a Legacy BIOS in UEFI mode (Yes! It's possible!!) using Clover and dual boot with Yosemite. Technically this tutorial should work for Windows 7 and Mavericks also, but I haven't tried. What you get? You have a machine with Legacy BIOS and at the end of tutorial, you would have Yosemite OS X and Windows 8.1, in UEFI mode, on a GPT partition with Clover as Bootloader. Isn't that amazing? This tutorial covers installation of both Yosemite and Windows 8. Why GPT/UEFI? You can have multiple Recovery Partitions in GPT Depending on BIOS, sometimes Clover doesn't play well in Non-UEFI. You may face all sorts of weird boot/BCD errors GPT can support more than 2TB space (MBR cannot) You can have upto 128 partitions (woot!) in GPT (as opposed ONLY 4 primary partitions in MBR/Hybrid MBR partition scheme) GPT disk provides greater reliability due to replication and cyclical redundancy check (CRC) protection of the partition table. UEFI enables better use of bigger hard drives. Technical changes abound in UEFI. UEFI has room for more useful and usable features than could ever be crammed into the BIOS. Among these are cryptography, network authentication, support for extensions stored on non-volatile media, an integrated boot manager, and even a shell environment for running other EFI applications such as diagnostic utilities or flash updates. In addition, both the architecture and the drivers are CPU-independent, which opens the door to a wider variety of processors (including those using the ARM architecture, for example). GPT/UEFI is the future ;-) Credits: A big thanks to fusion71au, he guided me and helped me to install UEFI Windows on my laptop and made it possible. In fact, this tutorial is actually combination of several of his posts (check Sources section). Prerequisites: - A pendrive of 200MB (or more) for test Clover config (optional) - Two pendrives of 8GB (or more), one for OS X and another for Windows installation media. OR a single pen drive of 16GB (or more). - A running OS X machine in real Mac or Hackintosh or as virtual OS. - Install OS X Yosemite.app downloaded and present in Applications - Windows 8 ISO - Latest Clover, Clover Configurator, Kext Wizard, Rufus, HFSPlus.efi and FakeSMC.kext (and other kexts based on your machine) Downloads: - Clover - Clover Configurator - Kext Wizard - Rufus - HFSPlus.efi Test Clover Config (Optional): This is an optional part and only applies to people who already have a hackintosh running. And also for first time users of Clover. Feel free to skip it if it doesn't apply to you. Before installing Yosmite/Clover, it's better to test Clover on currently installed Hackintosh. First, it saves all the trouble of post-installation and second, you will be proceeding to install Yosemite once you have confirmed everything is working properly (and no dirty surprises). For this, you do NOT need to install Clover on your current HDD, it may mess up your current installation. Idea is to install Clover on a different HDD(or a test HDD) and without harming current installation. Plug in the 200MB (or more) pen drive. Open disk utility, select this drive, under Erase tab choose Format as MS-DOS(FAT) and give name CLOVER(or whatever you want) and hit Erase: Go to Partition tab, select 1 Partition in Partition Layout, Give name as CLOVER, format as MS-DOS(FAT). Click Options at the bottom and select Master Boot Record. Hit Apply. Your drive is formatted properly now. It can have Clover installed for test USB drive. Run Clover and change install location to this drive, CLOVER and customize by selecting Bootloader > Install boot0ss in MBR, CloverEFI > CloverEFI 64-bits SATA and Drivers64UEFI > EmuVariableUefi-64. Perform installation: Clover is installed to the drive. However you need to copy few more files. You will need config.plist, DSDT.aml which are specific to your system. - Put config.plist in EFI/CLOVER directory - Put DSDT.aml in EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched - Put HFSPlus.efi in EFI/CLOVER/drivers64 & EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI - Delete VBoxHfs-64.efi in EFI/CLOVER/drivers64 & EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI - Put FakeSMC.kext and other kexts required in EFI/CLOVER/kexts/10.10 That's all and your Clover test drive is ready! Now boot using this USB and boot into your Hackintosh. Make sure everything working and once confirmed, proceed next to installation of Yosemite. Creating Installation Media: We will prepare a single USB drive which can be used to install Yosemite, Windows (and even Ubuntu if you fancy!). We have will format this to GPT, create 2 partitions, one for OS X and another for Windows installation files. This drive needs to be more than 16GB so that it can have all three installation files. Erase the USB drive, using Disk Utility. Make 3 partitions for OS X (call it Yosemite), Windows (call it WIN81) and Ubuntu. Select OS X Partition as Mac OS Extended Journaled, Windows partition as MS-DOS(FAT) and Ubuntu partition as ext4. (If you don't want Ubuntu, make only two partitions). Make sure you are giving 7GB (or more) for each OS X and Windows installation partitions. Select ‘GPT (GUID Partition Table)’ under Options. Mount Windows 8 installation ISO and copy Windows 8 installation files to this FAT32 Windows Partition, WIN81. Install Clover into the EFI partition of this USB by targeting the OSX partition and customize by selecting Install Clover in the ESP, Bootloader > Install boot0ss in MBR, CloverEFI > CloverEFI 64-bits SATA and Drivers64UEFI > EmuVariableUefi-64. Perform installation: Once clover is installed EFI partition will be mounted automatically. Open it and now you need put few more files. You will need config.plist, DSDT.aml which are specific to your system. - Put config.plist in EFI/CLOVER directory - Put DSDT.aml in EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched - Put HFSPlus.efi in EFI/CLOVER/drivers64 & EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI - Delete VBoxHfs-64.efi in EFI/CLOVER/drivers64 & EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI - Put FakeSMC.kext and other kexts required in EFI/CLOVER/kexts/10.10 Now we need to copy Yosemite installation file to USB drive. Make sure /Applications/Install OS X Yosemite.app exists and run following in terminal: sudo /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ Yosemite.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/Yosemite --applicationpath /Applications/Install\ OS\ X\ Yosemite.app --no interactionAbove command assumes your partition for OS X installation files is named as Yosemite. Your USB installation drive is ready. This can be used to install both Yosemite and Windows 8. Installation of Yosemite: We will create appropriate partitions and install Yosemite. NOTE: The Yosemite Installation section here is very concise and brief. You should actually refer to the thread relevant your machine/laptop. For starters, check this All In One Guides of Hackintosh. Next, try either here or here. It'd be better if you post all your Yosemite installation doubts in those threads/forums. Boot with USB drive, Clover should be loaded. Click on ‘Install Yosemite from Install Yosemite’. Installation setup should appear. Use Disk Utility from Utilities and format the target drive. Create 2 partitions, for first partition where OS X will be installed, select Mac OS Extended (Journaled). Leave second partition as Free Space (and Windows installation will format it properly) Proceed to Yosemite installation. Once done, it will reboot. Boot again using the USB and boot into Clover. Click on ‘Install Yosemite from Install Yosemite’ to complete the installation. Post installation and setup of Clover: So far I have covered installation of Yosemite. Now post installation, we will install Clover and all required kexts. At the end of this section Yosemite will be ready to use and kicking. Boot with USB drive, into Clover Menu. Select Yosemite(or whatever name you gave), to boot into freshly installed Yosemite Install Clover into the EFI partition of the HDD by targeting the Yosemite partition (or whatever you called it) and customize by selecting Install Clover in the ESP, Bootloader > Install boot0ss in MBR, CloverEFI > CloverEFI 64-bits SATA, Drivers64UEFI > EmuVariableUefi-64, Install RC Scripts on target volume and Install Clover Preference Pane. Perform installation: Once clover is installed, EFI partition will be mounted automatically. Open it and now you need put few more files. You will need config.plist, DSDT.aml which are specific to your system. - Put config.plist in EFI/CLOVER directory - Put DSDT.aml in EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched - Put HFSPlus.efi in EFI/CLOVER/drivers64 & EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI - Delete VBoxHfs-64.efi in EFI/CLOVER/drivers64 & EFI/CLOVER/drivers64UEFI - Put FakeSMC.kext and other kexts required in EFI/CLOVER/kexts/10.10 Installation of Windows 8: Boot into your machine with HDD's Clover and select Boot UEFI external from WIN81, hit spacebar, select and enter Run bootx64.efi. It should load into Windows installation. (image credits: fusion71au) Proceed Windows installation and complete it. Now you have Windows 8 UEFI on a Legacy BIOS! Extras/Troubleshooting (Optional): Sometimes you want to mount EFI partition manually. There are two ways: - If you are paranoid using Terminal, download Clover Configurator. It will ask to mount EFI partition when you open it. And you can also mount manually, see the sidebar at left side, under Tools, Mount EFI. - By default, all partitions are not visible in Disk Utility. If you enable Debug Menu, you get an option to show all partitions. To enable, run the following in Terminal: defaults write com.apple.DiskUtility DUDebugMenuEnabled 1Then you should see an extra Debug Menu in the Disk Utility: If the Windows ISO size is more than 4GB, then most probably /source/install.wim size will be more than 4GB and copying it to FAT partition will fail. For this we have to split this file. - Boot into Windows 8, create a new directory called wim in C:\ drive. Copy install.wim to C:\wim directory. - Open command prompt in admin mode and run following: Dism /Split-Image /ImageFile:c:\wim\install.wim /SWMFile:c:\wim\install.swm /FileSize:3500- You should now see two files in C:\wim directory. - Replace install.wim by these two files. Now you can copy Windows installation ISO files to FAT partition of the USB. When you want to install Windows, in Clover menu, if nothing happens when you click on Windows Installation in clover, then you have to copy bootmgfw.efi into WIN81/efi/microsoft/boot - Use 7-zip in Windows, open install.wim navigate to sources/install.wim/1/Windows/Boot/EFI/bootmgfw.efi and extract bootmgfw.efi (you don't need to extract this big ass file) - Rename cdboot.efi in WIN81/efi/microsoft/boot directory to cdboot.BAK - Copy bootmgfw.efi into WIN81/efi/microsoft/boot Now boot again with this drive. This time select Run bootmgfw.efi in options (as opposed to Run bootx64.efi), now it should boot fine into Windows 8 installation. Even after following above advice, still Windows installation gives some error, then prepare Windows 8 installation media on a separate USB drive using Rufus. You can find instructions here. Use this USB drive instead and perform installation. In Clover installations, you do NOT need to install Drivers64UEFI > EmuVariableUefi-64, it's not necessary for legacy BIOS. However my setup wouldn't work without it and I have no idea why. Since it does not affect the installation, I have included it anyway. Instead of CloverEFI 64-bits SATA, you could try installing CloverEFI 64-bits BiosBlockIO to speed up boot. However it may not work on few machines. So make sure you have test USB drive handy (first section of this tutorial). Disk partitioning guides: How to convert a Hybrid MBR drive to GPT and How to Convert MBR Windows to UEFI Windows Without Reinstalling - link. Sources: Following posts immensely helped me and you should probably read them if you want to learn more: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Why GPT/UEFI? 1, 2, 3, 4. BiosBlockIO to speedup! - 1, 2. Clover Wiki. Clover Instructions. Sample Configurations. PS: I have also attached PDF and HTML formats of this same tutorial.Guide.html Guide.pdf
  2. buttcrap

    Issues Booting Windows in Clover

    I can't seem to track down an issue I'm having booting into ANY Windows installation using Clover. The laptop I'm attempting to dual boot is a BIOS only, with an unlocked Insyde H20 F1.B. It has two hard drives, but rather than use one for each OS, I'm partitioning the first one and using the second one as a shared ExFat drive between Yosemite/Windows 10 TP. The reason I'm setting it up like this is because my first drive is an SSD, second one a hybrid. Because the machine is BIOS only, in order to use a GPT style startup disk (as opposed to the less attractive MBR) I need to load the Windows installer via Clover, to avoid getting an error message about how Windows can't install. The whole goal is to avoid using MBR/hybrid MBR at all. In addition to the Windows USB installer(this one is actually in GPT format) I have, I also have one Windows 10 TP partition currently on the startup drive using MBR, and an old Windows 7 install on my secondary HDD, also using MBR. So I definitely need a Clover USB drive that will be able to boot into Windows pretty consistently, as once I'm using all GPT on my old BIOS only machine I cannot rely on the Windows bootloader at all. None of the Windows installations will boot using Clover. I select them, press enter, and they show a box. Waiting doesn't seem to do anything. I initially tried this using the latest Clover, r3193, and when it didn't work I tried r3185... It continued like that for a while, I'm pretty sure I've tested all versions of 2.3 by now. On some versions of Clover, none of the Windows drives will even show up! I've tried various versions on 3 different USB sticks I have, and when they do show the Windows it will immediately show a square if I try to boot into them, and I have to hold hard reboot. I have a good functioning installation of OS X on the 2nd HDD, so I have an edited DSDT.aml and config.plist that has native power management etc. No matter if the DSDT is there or not the behavior is exactly the same. I do have LegacyBIOSDefault on, and I've tried exploring PBR to no avail. When making the USB, I make sure to select 'Install boot0af in MBR' under Bootloader, and Clover EFI 64 bits Sata, and I typically don't mess with any of the other options. I tried BiosBlock once, but Clover never booted. I'm new to Clover, and obviously, I am missing something here. I've tried looking everywhere to see what I'm doing wrong, but this one is stumping me. Any ideas? It is booting OS X beautifully though
  3. I've booted into Install OS X Yosemite using Legacy Clover(old BIOS, only choice), and after I select 'Install OS X' and then select my partition I get a message that says that the installer cannot install to a non GUID partitioned volume. This is because I have an MBR partition as I also run Windows 7, Now everyone says to use an MBR patch like this one http://www.insanelymac.com/forum/files/file/300-yosemite-mbr-patch-1010-dp7/ That say explicitly to take their two files, 'OSInstall.mpkg' and 'OSInstaller.frameworks' and replace them with the files here: OSInstall.mpkg replace to /System/Installation/Packages/OSInstall.mpkg OSInstaller replace to /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/OSInstaller.framework/Versions/A/OSInstaller ​When I was using Chameleon, that^ would work great. But my Clover boot loader doesn't even have the same folder structure. It does not have 'OSInstaller' file. It does have 'OSInstall.mpkg' in 'Install OS X Yosemite' > Show Package Contents, and I tried replacing that file with a 'patched' one, but that's only half the files so of course it didn't work. It said that the installer was corrupted and could not install OS X, so I just switched it back and now I'm back to original error message. I have searched the drive a million times, even enabling hidden files and folders and still cannot find the OSInstall.frameworks, and from what I can tell, this is probably the only one you actually need. Somebody has had to have tried this before. Do you HAVE to partition to GUID to use Clover? Am I missing something?
  4. I have a laptop SSHD that's failing SMART. I know, I know, I should replace it, but I'm fully backed up and wouldn't be using Clover if I wasn't on the cheap... Gonna use this drive till it doesn't spin anymore lol Anyways, I have 2 SATA bays on my laptop after an optical disk delete. I keep the failing drive in the second one, and I notice that if it's plugged in at all Clover will hang indefinitely, not even making it to the GUI. It's very consistent; if the drive in it is NOT going to make it, but once you take it out it goes back to absolutely killing it. I know I shouldn't expect to much, but this drive still performs fantastic in Windows/OS X if used in an external drive bay over USB 3.0. I'm just surprised that it doesn't ever boot, considering this drive still performs solidly externally still. It makes me think that there may be more going on here than Clover just having trouble reading the drive - does Clover do any kind of hardware or SMART test? Could my BIOS be detecting that the drive is failing and blocking access to it? I do plan to replace this drive anyways, but have any of you guys seen anything like this?
  5. is there any way to install OS X mavericks on MBR Partition? i have windows 8.1 OS..so i want to dual boot. but it say that i need to partition to change it into "GUID" but i can't do that, for my personal problem…so how to do it? help plz