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Frank Nitty posted a topic in Installation GuidesThis thread is a walkthrough on how to install High Sierra. These are fully detailed instructions to make it easier for newbs. PLEASE DO NOT PM ME FOR HELP. REPLY TO THIS GUIDE BELOW. THANKS • MY SPECS: 1. Intel Core i7-4770K (De-lidded) 2. EVGA Z97 FTW (ATX) 3. Western Digital VelociRaptor 1TB 4. Corsair Vengeance Pro 16GB DDR3 2400MHz 5. OCZ Vertex 4 512 GB 6. Patriot Dual Bay 2.5" SATA 3.5" drive bay (for SSD) 7. Noctua NH-U12S 8. My case: Modified Apple Powermac G5 9. ASUS BW-12B1ST 10. ASUS GeForce GTX 1070 11. Silverstone SST-ST1200-G Evolution Strider Gold 1200W • WHAT YOU WILL NEED: 1. macOS 10.13 High Sierra [from Mac App Store] 2. A computer running an Intel Processor 3. Access to OS X on VMWare (for Windows), Mac, or Hackintosh 4. 1x supported graphics card 5. Clover v2.4k r4220 and up 6. A USB flash drive at least 8 GB 7. Update your system with the latest BIOS • STEP 1: BIOS SETTINGS 1. AHCI mode and CD/DVD first boot priority are set in the BIOS by default. Ensure your settings match these in your Z97 BIOS: a. Go to ADVANCED→ SATA Configuration→ All settings should set at default; notice that your disks won't show up here if they're connected to black Marvell SATA ports. b. Go to BOOT→ Speaker Beep; switch to 'Off'. Change Boot mode select to 'UEFI'. Continue to FIXED Boot ORDER Priorities→ Check if CD/DVD is 1st Boot (Note that your CD drive will not appear unless there is an UEFI enabled CD inside; Scroll down to Hard Disk Drive BBS Priorities to set the boot sequence of the available hard disks (Note that if at least one hard disk is not configured with EFI bootloader then 'Hard Disk Drive BBS Priorities' menu will not show up). Go to CSM Configuration; Launch CSM = 'Disabled'; This enables the bootloader menu screen to load with native HD as specified by your monitor. NOTE: If you are multi-booting with Windows 7, it is MANDATORY that Launch CSM = 'Enabled' (Launch PXE OpROM policy = 'Do not launch', Launch Storage OpROM policy = 'UEFI only', Other PCI device ROM priority = 'UEFI OpROM'); The lack of these settings can cause the following error when starting up your Windows 7 boot drive: Windows failed to start. A recent hardware or software change might be the cause. File: \EFI\Microsoft\Boot\BCD Status: 0xc000000d Info: An error occurred while attempting to read the boot configuration data It will also prevent any non-UEFI boot disks from appearing in the UEFI BIOS (e.g. CD/DVD, Windows 7 USB Keys, etc.) c. Go to ADVANCED→ Power Management→ ACPI Sleep State is S3 only (Suspend to RAM). d. Go to ADVANCED→ Graphics Configuration→ Disable internal graphics. e. Go to ADVANCED→ CPU Configuration; there is no option for Vt-d, so disable Intel Virtualization Technology (during installation). f. Go to ADVANCED→ USB Configuration→ Disable XHCI Mode. g. [OPTIONAL] Go to MEMORY; Under Memory Multiplier Configuration, set Performance Memory Profiles to XMP Profile 1. h. [OPTIONAL] Go to ADVANCED→ H/W Monitor Configuration→ Set all fan speeds to 50%. Save and Reset. • STEP 2: CREATING A BOOTABLE USB TO INSTALL OF HIGH SIERRA 10.13 1. Clover and the macOS installer are placed on separate partitions on the USB stick. This guide will use 'diskutil list' in Terminal instead of Disk Utility to format the USB with GPT partitioning for Clover UEFI support. 2. You must determine its disk identifier before you can partition the USB. Plug the USB stick into a Mac (or Hackintosh), run Terminal and type 'diskutil list'. The following screenshot will serve as a reference: As you can see the the USB stick’s identifier is /dev/disk4. 3. Type the following entry into Terminal to format the USB stick (two partitions, via GPT): diskutil partitionDisk /dev/disk4 1 GPT HFS+J "OS X" R During the process the following occurred: /dev/disk4 GPT partitioning initiated by default EFI was automatically created remainder "OS X", HFS+J is partitioned 4. It resulted in the following screenshot: Close Terminal 5. We need to download and install the latest version of Clover r4220+ (here) on the USB stick. a. Run the pkg, "Change Install Location" by selecting "OS X" (partition name) as the target of the install. Use the following settings below: Make sure that it shows "Installation Complete." NOTE: When installing to HDD select "Install RC scripts on target volume" and/or "Install all RC scripts on all other boot volumes" and "Install Clover Preference Pane". 6. You must copy your kexts to the EFI/ Clover folder. You can use EFI Mounter v1.2.3 when necessary to mount the EFI partition, just use "diskutil list" first to ensure you chose the right one for the USB stick. a. Remove EFI/CLOVER/kexts/10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.9, 10.10, 10.11, 10.12 leaving just 'Other'. b. Copy the required kexts Slice’s FakeSMC.kext, VoodooPS2Controller.kext (for PS/2 keyboard), and your ethernet kext (Intel I219-V) IntelMausiEthernet-V2.3.0 or AppleIntelE1000e v3.3.3 to the following directory: /EFI/CLOVER/KEXTS/Other. NOTE: If you are having trouble getting Ethernet to work you can also try copying IONetworkingFamily.kext from S/L/E to /EFI/CLOVER/KEXTS/Other with your networking kext. 7. Use a text editor/plist editor like PlistEdit Pro to modify your config.plist manually. We must apply the following mandatory patches: a. You must add line ACPI/SSDT/DropOem=false in config.plist in order to boot without "Still waiting for root device" error. Add this <dict> entry to EFI/CLOVER/config.plist: <key>ACPI</key> <dict> <key>DSDT</key> <dict> <key>DropOEM_DSM</key> <false/> </dict> b. Use Clover’s built-in kernel patch to automatically apply the code to patch the (new) kernel after each OS X update to prevent reboot loop: <key>KernelAndKextPatches</key> <dict> <key>KernelPm</key> <true/> </dict> <key>Memory</key> <dict> c. AppleAHCIPort Clover patch disables orange drive icons. Add this <dict> entry to the config.plist: <key>KextsToPatch</key> <array> <dict> <key>Comment</key> <string>External icons patch</string> <key>Find</key> <data> RXh0ZXJuYWw= </data> <key>Name</key> <string>AppleAHCIPort</string> <key>Replace</key> <data> SW50ZXJuYWw= </data> </dict> </array> d. SMBIOS. With the config file still opened in your text/plist editor, scroll down to SMBIOS section to add the following SMBIOS system definition: <key>SMBIOS</key> <dict> <key>Manufacturer</key> <string>Apple Inc.</string> <key>ProductName</key> <string>iMac14,2</string> <key>Trust</key> <false/> </dict> NOTE: Macmini6,2, iMac13,2 and iMac13,1 support speedstep.You can also do this using Clover Configurator: In the SMBIOS section, click the magic wand to select a SMBIOS relevant to your hardware (e.g. iMac14,2) – and close the screen and File/Save. e. GUI. Here you indicate the theme you want to use that you installed by entering the title in the string. I chose to use "random" as shown below: <key>GUI</key> <dict> <key>Mouse</key> <dict> <key>DoubleClick</key> <integer>500</integer> <key>Enabled</key> <true/> <key>Mirror</key> <false/> <key>Speed</key> <integer>8</integer> </dict> <key>Scan</key> <true/> <key>Theme</key> <string>random</string> </dict> f. Boot Flag. It is necessary to use "-v" to monitor if any problems arise. Add this <dict> entry to the config.plist: <key>Boot</key> <dict> <key>Arguments</key> <string>-v</string> </dict> g. NVIDIA graphics cards especially 'Maxwell' & 'Pascal' currently lack support natively in macOS. To correct this problem, it requires System Parameter/NvidiaWeb entry. It must be disabled during installation by adding this <dict> entry to the config.plist: <key>SystemParameters</key> <dict> <key>InjectKexts</key> <string>YES</string> <key>InjectSystemID</key> <true/> <key>NvidiaWeb</key> <false/> </dict> h. SIP. Apple has implemented 'rootless' security or System Integrity Protection (SIP) which restricts users from modifying system folders/files, and as a result it locks down system folders and files against hacks and root attacks, making the system safer. SIP must be partially disabled at the least, to install anything (i.e., kexts) into protected system folders, but as of High Sierra beta, the old string "0x3" has resulted in errors later on in boot. Add this <dict> entry to the config.plist: <key>RtVariables</key> <dict> <key>BooterConfig</key> <string>0x28</string> <key>CsrActiveConfig</key> <string>0x3FF</string> </dict> i. Audio Fix. This Haswell board comes with a Realtek ALC898 audio chip. In order to use AppleALC/CloverALC (discussed further in this guide), you must add the following patch in the config.plist: <key>KextsToPatch</key> <array> <dict> <key>Comment</key> <string>t1-10.9-10.11-AppleHDA/Realtek ALC898</string> <key>Find</key> <data> ixnUEQ== </data> <key>Name</key> <string>AppleHDA</string> <key>Replace</key> <data> mQjsEA== </data> </dict> </array> j. Drop ACPI MATS/DMAR tables. Drop the DMAR table if VT-d isn’t disabled in UEFI settings. MATS has been known to prevent some from booting into 10.13 so it can be dropped as well: <key>ACPI</key> <key>DropTables</key> <array> <dict> <key>Signature</key> <string>MATS</string> </dict> <dict> <key>Signature</key> <string>DMAR</string> </dict> </array> NOTE: Without dropping the tables the following error may occur: Attempting System Restart...MACH Reboot 8. Preparing OS X partition. Download macOS v10.13.0 High Sierra [17A365] [Mac App Store] and Right-click "Install macOS High Sierra" will be in /Applications. a. Go to → Show Package Contents → Contents → SharedSupport. b. You will now see an image called "BaseSystem.dmg" appear in the folder. Mount it by right-clicking and opening it with DiskImageMounter... NOTE: The version of Disk Utility found in El Capitan+ has been stripped down of its most essential features to proceed with the following instructions. Your next best option is to use a pre-modified version of the old Disk Utility. After downloading it, extract and copy it to the Desktop and type the following line in Terminal to take ownership, enabling the app to run: sudo chown -R 0:0 ~/Desktop/Disk\ Utility.app c. Open Disk Utility. Select and highlight the volume "OS X Base System", click "Restore" at the top-right, drag the volume into "Source" field, and drag the USB [OS X] partition (you already created) to the "Destination" field where you will restore the image: click the "Restore" button then "Erase"... d. After the process is complete, you'll now have (2) "OS X Base System" present in Finder. Eject the image "BaseSystem.dmg" and close Disk Utility. e. Open "SharedSupport" folder and copy BaseSystem.chunklist, BaseSystem.dmg, AppleDiagnostics.chunklist, and AppleDiagnostics.dmg to the volume root. f. Remove the "Install macOS High Sierra.app" from the volume root and replace it with the full version (>5GB) in the Applications folder where it downloaded. NOTE: Skipping this step causes the following error when booting the installation: The path /System/Installation/Packages/OSInstall.mpkg appears to be missing or damaged g. Create a new folder named "Kernels" in System/Library on the USB stick. Use Pacifist v.3.2.17+ to extract "kernel" from " SharedSupport /InstallESD/Packages/Core.pkg [/system/Library/Kernels/kernel]" and place "kernel" into System/Library/Kernels/ location. h. With the USB installer ready, remember before restarting system to change boot priority of USB stick to first to install High Sierra on the hard disk of choice. i. Highlight and select the USB installer from the bootloader menu screen to begin the installation. j. Once the installer has finished, it will automatically restart the system. Boot from the USB installer and select the drive where you installed High Sierra to continue the rest of the installation. • STEP 3: macOS 10.13 Post-Installation 1. As the system is loading, you'll be prompted to the macOS Welcome screen. a. Select your country then click "right arrow" to go to the next screen. b. Select "My computer does not connect to the Internet." c. Select "Don’t transfer any information now." d. Agree to "Terms and Conditions." e. Enter your name, password, and hint and Continue. f. On "Express Set Up" access "Customize Settings." g. Do not "Enable Location Services on this Mac." h. Set your time zone, do not "Share Mac Analytics with Apple", and do not "Enable Siri". i. Wait a moment for the macOS desktop to load. j. When prompted to backup any disk with Time Machine, click on the "Don't Use" button. • STEP 4: macOS 10.13 Post-Installation (Continued) 1. Install macOS 10.13 Supplemental and reboot. 2. macOS High Sierra doesn’t allow unsigned apps to run that did not come from the App Store or identified developer. You can re-enable this function by running the following in Terminal: sudo spctl --master-disable Go to System Preferences → Security & Privacy and disable GateKeeper to allow installation of software by unidentified developers. 3. Mount the EFI partition of the USB stick with EFI Mounter v1.2.3 and copy the 'EFI' folder to the EFI partition of High Sierra boot disk. 4. Install Clover v2.4k on the High Sierra install HDD partition you plan to boot from. In addition to the settings configured earlier, select "Install RC scripts on target volume" and "Install Clover Preference Pane" when installing to the HDD. Installing RC scripts enables nvram variables required for iCloud and other services. It processes logs that are located in /Library/Logs/CloverEFI. You can also type bdmesg > Desktop/boot.txt in Terminal to get them manually. 5. Edit the config.plist from your boot disk in EFI/CLOVER/ by adding the following <dict> entries: a. Method for Enabling NVIDIA Web Drivers. Boot flag nvda_drv=1 doesn't work in config.plist to enable Web Drivers. The setting under System Parameter in Clover called "NvidiaWeb" is what's used to fulfill this instead. <key>SystemParameters</key> <dict> <key>InjectKexts</key> <string>YES</string> <key>InjectSystemID</key> <true/> <key>NvidiaWeb</key> <true/> </dict> Remove Boot/Arguments/nvda_drv=1 if necessary. b. Hide UEFI partitions. To hide internal UEFI (i.e., "Boot Windows from Recovery", "Boot Windows from EFI") you have to use Scan/Legacy=false: <key>GUI</key> <dict> <key>Scan</key> <dict> <key>Legacy</key> <false/> </dict> c. Designate name of boot menu entries (Renaming Mac/Windows). In the Clover bootloader menu you will notice all EFI Windows partitions labeled "Boot Microsoft EFI boot menu from EFI [or SYSTEM]". The Windows partition is called EFI but there's also a Mac partition called EFI which is hidden by default in the Clover boot menu so it's a nonfactor. The volume names are what Clover shows by default. In order to change what the Clover boot menu shows your volume name to be you will have to specify its details under GUI/Custom/Entries section in your config.plist. There are 3 <key> tags necessary to edit in this section: Volume, FullTitle, and Type. You can refer to my personal settings below for help. E.g., in my config.plist, my macOS volume is called "HISIERRA" because that's what I named the partition I installed macOS on. It can also be seen as a bootloader screen entry as "Boot Mac OS X from XXXXXXXX" where XXXXXXXX is the volume name. "FullTitle" is the name you want the entry to say, i.e.: macOS 10.13 High Sierra. "Type" is where you indicate what type of OS it is, i.e.: OSX (or Windows). Tags such as "Hidden" and "Disabled" are self-explanatory, while the "NoCaches" tag designates whether you want to boot without caches. NOTE: Adding "InjectKexts" causes infinite loading on the Apple logo screen: YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED. NOTE: Having more than one Windows installation will cause multiple "Boot Microsoft EFI boot menu from EFI" items to appear In the Clover bootloader menu. To change its volume name that Clover shows it requires identifying its individual GUID and adding it as a 'string' under the Volume <key> tag. Launch the Terminal and type the following into the command line: diskutil list A list of drives will populate along with sublist of its partition scheme. Now look for the partition generally listed under your Windows disk as "EFI - NO NAME". E.g., my disk is "0" and the EFI partition is "2". I would type the following into terminal: diskutil info disk0s2 [replace 0 and 2 according to your drive and partition number] It will then printout all the info specific to that partition. All you need to use is the "Disk / Partition UUID", NOT the Volume UUID. <key>GUI</key> <dict> <key>Custom</key> <dict> <key>Entries</key> <array> <dict> <key>Volume</key> <string>A7649550-D460-49CF-9531-829D58F123DC</string> <key>FullTitle</key> <string>Windows 8</string> <key>Hidden</key> <false/> <key>Disabled</key> <false/> <key>Type</key> <string>Windows</string> <key>VolumeType</key> <string>Internal</string> </dict> <dict> <key>Volume</key> <string>6CEDEB66-8DE8-420C-BA76-2F0CF3E84250</string> <key>FullTitle</key> <string>Windows 10</string> <key>Hidden</key> <false/> <key>Disabled</key> <false/> <key>Type</key> <string>Windows</string> <key>VolumeType</key> <string>Internal</string> </dict> <dict> <key>Volume</key> <string>HISIERRA</string> <key>FullTitle</key> <string>macOS 10.13 High Sierra</string> <key>Hidden</key> <false/> <key>Disabled</key> <false/> <key>InjectKexts</key> <false/> <key>NoCaches</key> <false/> <key>Type</key> <string>OSX</string> <key>VolumeType</key> <string>Internal</string> </dict> </array> </dict> d. USB patch. High Sierra 10.13 requires the port limit to be raised in order for USB 3.0 ports to be recognized. This process involves installing FakePCIID.kext as well. Add this <dict> entry to the config.plist: <key>KextsToPatch</key> <array> <dict> <key>Comment</key> <string>change 15 port limit to 20 in XHCI kext (9-series) 10.12</string> <key>Find</key> <data>g710////EA==</data> <key>Name</key> <string>AppleUSBXHCIPCI</string> <key>Replace</key> <data>g710////FQ==</data> </dict> </array> Be sure to copy FakePCIID.kext and FakePCIID_XHCIMux.kext to /EFI/CLOVER/KEXTS/Other. NOTE: Set 'XHCI Mode' to Smart Auto in the BIOS to enable USB 3.0. 6. Remove Recovery partition. Deleting and merging a partition with 'diskutil' from the command line is the most precise method to remove the partition since it targets the recovery disk directly and merges it with the full High Sierra partition. Launch the Terminal and type the following into the command line: diskutil list This will print out your drives partition scheme and look something like this: Look for "Recovery HD" and see which identifier it uses. In this screenshot it’s disk2s4. To remove that partition we use the following command (you can also use the volume name): diskutil eraseVolume HFS+ Blank /dev/disk2s4 The partition will be erased. You’ll now have a blank partition sitting around, so you’ll want to merge that with your other High Sierra partition: diskutil mergePartitions HFS+ HISIERRA disk2s3 disk2s4 This will merge the two partitions, with disk2s3 absorbing the space from disk2s4 and expanding, it causes data loss so don’t expect this to preserve anything. 7. NVIDIA graphics cards 'Maxwell'+ currently lack native support in macOS 10.13. a. Install NvidiaGraphicsFixup.kext and latest version of Lilu; Temporarily enable SIP to update drivers to avoid error and Web Driver installation failure. NOTE: Skipping this step may cause a black screen and/or the following error when booting the installation: IOConsoleUsers: gIOScreenLockState 3, hs 0, bs 0, nov 0, sm 0x0 flashing at the top of the screen when restarting after installing NVIDIA Web Drivers. b. Download and install NVIDIA Web Driver 3220.127.116.11.15.117 / NVIDIA Web Driver 318.104.22.168.15.120 to enable NVIDIA Graphics Cards because they won't work OOB without them. NOTE: Remember to go to the NVIDIA Driver Manager menu bar at the top, change the settings to use Web drivers. Changes will take effect after restart. 8. Reboot using the USB installer and choose the High Sierra install drive. 9. Download CUDA 9.0.197 / CUDA 9.0.214 drivers (increases GPU computing performance) needed for 10.13 support and install. 10. [OPTION 1] Install AppleALC to enable native audio by injecting the layout id supported for ALC898 through dynamic patching without modifying any kexts. Audio will no longer be affected after each macOS update and SIP can remain enabled. More details here. NOTE: AppleHDA must be native, original and unpatched. a. Mount EFI partition and add the following entry under Devices/Audio in the config.plist to inject working layout id 1 (or 2 or 3). <key>Devices</key> <dict> <key>Audio</key> <dict> <key>Inject</key> <integer>1</integer> </dict> b. Download the latest version of AppleALC (v1.2.0) and copy it to CLOVER/kexts/Other. NOTE: Rebuild kext cache if you have removed a modded AppleHDA to replace it with a native one by using Kext Utility or 'force rebuild cache' in Terminal: sudo –s sudo touch /System/Library/Extensions 10. [OPTION 2] Install the following patch associated with Realtek ALC898 AppleHDA Audio (by Toleda): a. Mount EFI partition, verify "Disable SIP" entry CsrActiveConfig=0x3FF is in config.plist. b. Download audio_cloverALC-120.command.zip and extract "audio_cloverALC-120_v1.0d.command". c. No edits made to any native AppleHDA.kext file, 2-4 files added to Resources folder. NOTE: There may be noticeable pops before starting playback which is caused by macOS putting the audio codec to sleep. Disable AFGLowPowerState in config.plist with following <dict> entry: <key>Devices</key> <dict> <key>Audio</key> </dict> <key>AFGLowPowerState</key> <false/> </dict> If popping is still exists after using the method above, try using antipop. NOTE: There may be noticeable distortion after around 2 minutes of audio playback. Update to the latest version of Clover and add UseARTFrequency=false entry in the config.plist: <key>CPU</key> <dict> <key>UseARTFrequency</key> <false/> </dict> <key>Devices</key> <dict> 11. Creating a DSDT (Refer to MaLd0n) 12. Create a SSDT (Secondary System Description Table) to configure the maximum clock speed. a. Download Pike's ssdtPRGen.sh script which should auto-copy into your home directory, 'Volumes/Users/<username>' folder. Open Terminal and type the following: curl -o ~/ssdtPRGen.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Piker-Alpha/ssdtPRGen.sh/Beta/ssdtPRGen.sh b. Next, set the execute/search bits: chmod +x ~/ssdtPRGen.sh c. Run ssdtPRGen.sh script for first time without any arguments and let it download all the data that you need: ./ssdtPRGen.sh d. The Haswell.cfg should have already downloaded. e. Once finished you will have the ssdt.aml on the ~/library/ssdtPRGen/. Move it to /EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched. NOTE: If you come across issues try the following: ○ Use Terminal to ensure Haswell.cfg is in the 'Data' folder by typing: open ~/library/ssdtPRGen/Data ○ You can remove any previously generated and downloaded script file by typing: sudo rm -R ~/Library/ssdtPRGen ○ You can rerun another freshly downloaded ssdtPRGen.sh script with your processor type: ./ssdtPRGen.sh ○ For additional help see also: ./ssdtPRGen.sh -help 14. Installing the following kexts/widget is optional. Mount the EFI partition to copy the kexts into the /EFI/CLOVER/KEXTS/Other folder. Install the widget using Launchpad → Dashboard: ○ HWSensors 6.23.1417: Helps you monitor CPU, memory, disks, network, temperatures, fans, load/uptime, and processes. NO COMPATIBLE VERSION FOR 10.13 I KNOW OF! 15. Install iStat Pro 4.9, a highly configurable widget that lets you monitor every aspect of your Mac including CPU, memory, disks, network, battery, temperatures, fans, load & uptime and processes. • OPTIONAL: Fixing Time Sync issue with macOS/Windows – Registry Fix Method NOTE: Only works for Vista/Windows 7, 8 & 10 1. Press the Win + R keyboard combination to bring up a run box, then type "regedit" followed by Enter. Confirm "yes" once UAC prompt appears. 2. When the registry editor opens, navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\TimeZoneInformation 3. Right-click on the empty space right below 'TimeZoneKeyName' and create a new DWORD (32-bit). It will appear as D-WORD On 32-bit versions of Windows 7/Vista. 4. Rename it "RealTimeIsUniversal" (without quotes and it’s case-sensitive). Double-click on the new DWORD and change its value data "0" (zero) to "1" (one) as a hexadecimal. 5. Save everything. Reboot to macOS, set the time properly and now boot back to Windows. You should notice it adjusted the correct time. NOTE: Avoid changing the time in macOS if you are running a multi-boot system. You only have to modify the time in the BIOS and in Windows followed by enabling the setting to sync the clock with online time.