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  1. Installing macOS Catalina 10.15.2 on Lenovo ThinkPad L440 There are two version of this laptop: - 20AS = Chipset QM87, without Express Card (mine). - 20AT = Chipset HM86, with Express Card. I strong believe is the same thing... Changelog: 12/11/2019 04:24h GMT-0 - Added 10.15.2 update instructions. - Replaced IntelMausiEthernet.kext with IntelMausi.kext. 11/08/2019 20:30h GMT-0 - Added instructions to swap Command with Option keys in VoodooPS2Controller.kext. - Added additional FileVault 2 UEFI drivers be more practical. 10/30/2019 01:42h GMT-0 - Added 10.15.1 update instructions. - Replaced AppleALC.kext with VoodooHDA.kext - No more issues after sleep or misconfiguration with jack sense. 10/29/2019 18:18h GMT-0 - Replaced the config.plist with AppleIntelCPUPM = true. 10/27/2019 05:37h GMT-0 - Replaced the DW1560 wireless card with BCM94360CS2. 10/20/2019 20:47h GMT-0 - Removed AppleBacklightFixup.kext. - WhateaverGreen now implements backlight since 1.2.5. 10/20/2019 18:10h GMT-0 - First version. What works and what does not - Processor: Intel Core i5-4300M -> Work. All SpeedStep stages.- Video Card: Intel HD4600 -> Work. QE/CI and Metal.- Chipset: Intel QM87 -> Work.- Mini DisplayPort -> Work. But no audio, yet. - VGA -> Not work. Normal. - Audio: ALC292 -> Work. - WiFi/Bluetooth: Intel AC 7260 -> Not work. Replaced with DW1560 BCM94360CS2 (need whitelist removal). - Ethernet: Intel I217-LM -> Work. - Card Reader: Realtek RTS5227 -> Not work. - Keyboard and Touchpad -> Work.- Webcam -> Work. - Fingerprint Reader -> Not work. Normal. - USB3.0 -> Work.- Sleep -> Work. - Airdrop, Handoff and Continuity -> Work after replaced wireless. - Instant Hotspot -> Not work. Extras - FullHD 1920x1080 display upgrade: Replaced with AU Optronics B140HAN01.1 30pin eDP (B140HAN01.2 and B140HAN01.3 also compatible). Apparently same screen as Dell Latitude E6440, E7440, Lenovo Ideapad U430 and E129. - CPU upgrade: Replaced the stock Intel Core i5 4300M 2.6Ghz (3.3Ghz turbo) 6M cache with Intel Core i7 4700MQ 2.4Ghz (3.4Ghz turbo) 6MB. I initially had problems with overheating. The processor ran at full load above 90 degrees. After using a quality thermal paste I can work between 70 and 80 degrees. Acceptable taking into consideration that the new processor has 47TDP versus 37TDP which is recommended. I also had no problem consuming the battery while charging. The original 65W source seems to have figured out. - Touchpad upgrade: Replaced the stock with T460 touchpad. This is serious: you have to do it! It should be stock. Touchpad with precision and absurd quality! Just do it! - RAM upgrade: 16GB (2x8GB). No mistery here. Just upgade. - Wireless upgrade: Previously I have the DW1560 working almost perfectly, now replaced with BCM94360CS2 that is full native supported. More info below. Todo - Make DP audio work. - Make Card Reader work. - Make trackpad appear in System Preferences - Make Instant Hotspot work. What you need to install- Running install of macOS- One USB flash drive of 8GB or bigger- macOS Catalina install app- Clover EFI - Clover Configurator - Some KEXTs and SSDT patchesHow create create the install flash drive Prepare install flash drive Format the flash drive with GUID partition mapping and name it "Install".- Open Disk Utility.- Click in View, then "Show All Devices".- Select the destination flash drive, then Erase.- Name: Install, Format: Mac OS Extended (Journaled) and Scheme: GUID Partition Map Create install flash driveOpen terminal and run this command: sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Catalina.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/Install --nointeraction This will take about 30 minutes. Install bootloaderDownload the CloverEFI from official repository (used 5097) and install only with these options on "Install macOS Catalina": - Install for UEFI booting only- Install Clover in the ESP- UEFI Drivers - Recommended Drivers - AudioDxe (Just to have nice sound on boot)- UEFI Drivers - Recommended Drivers - FSInject (I still don't know if it's really necessary) - UEFI Drivers - File System drivers - ApfsDriverLoader (Support to APFS partitions) - UEFI Drivers - File System drivers - VBoxHfs (Support HFS/HFS+ partitions) - UEFI Drivers - Memory fix drivers - AptioMemoryFix (Fix the memory management of de UEFI/BIOS) FileVault 2 If you plan to use FileVault 2, you need to download additional drivers, since what comes with Clover is not up to date and use VirtualSMC instead of FakeSMC. Follow instructions bellow: From current Clover installation, check these options to USB keyboard/mouse work on password screen: - UEFI Drivers - Human Interface Devices - UsbKbDxe - UEFI Drivers - Human Interface Devices - UsbMouseDxe After Clover install will be created a partition named EFI and mounted in Desktop. Usually the path is /Volumes/EFI/. Download the versions 2.1.0 and 2.0.9 of AppleSupportPkg from: https://github.com/acidanthera/AppleSupportPkg/releases We need the last version of AppleGenericInput.efi that is inside 2.1.0 and last version of AppleUiSupport.efi that is inside 2.0.9. OR download attached bellow. Put in /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/drivers/UEFI/ That's it! FileVault 2 will work without problems. Make things works After Clover install will be created a partition named EFI and mounted in Desktop. Usually the path is /Volumes/EFI/. - Replace the /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/config.plist with mine attached below - Put SSDT-L440.aml attached below in /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched/ Generate your Serial, MLB and SmUUID - Open the replaced config.plist with Clover Configurator (used 5.6.2.0) - Go to SMBIOS, click few times in "Generate New" in Serial Number and SmUUID. Copy the Clover Configurator to flash drive because you will need later. Download those Kexts and put in /EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other/ - Download the VirtualSMC from here. I used all Kexts and UEFI driver (put VirutalSmc.efi inside /Volumes/EFI/EFI/drivers/UEFI/) from version 1.0.8 (If you followed the steps to enable FileVault 2 above, skip to the next item). - Download the Lilu.kext from here. I used the version 1.3.8. - Download the VoodooPS2Controller.kext from here. I used version 2.0.4. - Download the IntelMausi.kext from here. I used the version 1.0.2. - Download the VoodooHDA.kext from here. I used the version 2.9.2. (Need to turn up the volume on Info.plist, more instructions below) - Download the WhateverGreen.kext from here. I used the version 1.3.3. - Download the USBInjectAll.kext from here. I used the version 2018-1108. Important! If you are coming from my previous Mojave guide, please note that I am using some kexts from other repositories / authors. Audio volume adjustment - Open the Info.plist inside VoodooHDA.kext/Contents/ with TextEdit.app or any text editor of your choice. - Change: <key>PCM</key> <integer>90</integer> to: <key>PCM</key> <integer>140</integer> Or, download the versions 2.9.2 attached bellow. Keyboard swap Command with Option (optional) - If you prefer, you can swap Command and Option keys, to map Win Key - Command and Alt - Option. - Change /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/OEM/S400CA/UEFI/kexts/10.15/VoodooPS2Controller.kext/Contents/PlugIns/VoodooPS2Keyboard.kext/Contents/Info.plist: <key>Swap command and option</key> <true/> to: <key>Swap command and option</key> <false/> Or, download the version 2.0.4 already adjusted attached bellow. Wifi and Bluetooth (BCM94360CS2 + M2 NGFF adapter) Recently I replaced the DW1560 with BCM94360CS2. Now I have fully wireless and bluetooth working (including Instant Hotspot) without any kexts. See: Wifi and Bluetooth (DW1560 / BCM94352Z) Unfortunately, some notebook manufacturers are currently blocking the replacement of wireless cards. They want you to only use the models sold by them. And of course, none of them from Lenovo for this notebook model is compatible with MacOS. If you try to start with an unauthorized wifi card for them, you will receive a screen error: 1802: Unauthorized network card is plugged in - Power off and remove the network card. Since this check is done directly in the BIOS, the only solution is to modify it. But since nothing is easy in this life, there is one small big problem: - The BIOS update procedure does not allow you to use modded files as it used to be. - You will need to physically reach your BIOS on the motherboard and make use of a USB BIOS reader/writer. So what you need to do: 1. Disassembly your laptop; 2. Dump your BIOS with an USB BIOS reader with SOIC8 clip (to not desolder from the motherboard); 3. Patch it (Ask on UEFI hack forums over there to someone patch for you. Every dump is unique, so mine don't work to you.); 4. Fix RSA signature; 5. Reflash BIOS; 6. Replace wireless card; 7. Remount your laptop; 8. Done. To fix a Modded BIOS to remove the 5 beeps on boot, you need this guide: https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/337333-guide-fix-insyde-h2o-bios-signature-5-beeps-on-lenovo (traduzido: pt-BR) After replaced the wireless card. Download those Kexts and put in /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/kexts/10.15/ - Download the AirportBrcmFixup.kext from here. I used the version 2.0.3. (To enable Wireless) - Download the BrcmBluetoothInjector.kext, BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM3.kext from here. I used the version 2019-10-17. (To enable Bluetooth) - Download the BT4LEContinuityFixup.kext from here. I used the version 1.1.4. (To enable Handoff and Continuity) Keep in mind that the bluetooth kexts are currently in development and the official releases will be available in future in the repository: https://github.com/acidanthera/BrcmPatchRAM/releases Now you can start the installation without problem (I guess). How install UEFI Setup Configuration and InstallationUEFI configuration My BIOS is the latest: 1.93 (J4ET93WW) - Shutdown and insert the flash drive.- Power on with F1 pressed to enter BIOS setup.- Change value: Config - Intel(R) AMT - Intel(R) AMT Control to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Security Chip to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Anti-Theft - Intel(R) AT Module Activation to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Anti-Theft - Computrace to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Secure Boot to DISABLED - Change value: Startup - UEFI/Legacy Boot to BOTH, Legacy First and CSM Support = Yes - Save & Exit Setup (F10) - Now, hold the F12 - In the list, select your flash drive. - Choose the flash drive (white icon). The installer will start. Format destination diskFormat the disk with GUID partition mapping and name it "Macintosh".- Select Disk Utility in the list, then press Continue.- Click in View, then "Show All Devices".- Select the destination Disk, then Erase.- Name: HD, Format: APFS and Scheme: GUID Partition MapClose Disk Utility.Select "Install macOS", then Continue.Follow instructions in screen.After install After first part install the system will reboot. Maybe you have to press F12 again and select the flash drive. Choose the internal disk (gray hdd icon) if not already selected. The second part of the installation will begin. This will take 16 minutes. Post installation When the second part of install finish, the system will reboot again.After performing the user initial setup and go to the desktop, you need to make the system disk bootable.Open the Clover Configurator from flash drive that you copied before.Mount and open the flash drive EFI partition. (Inside Clover Configurator, Mount EFI -> Select flash drive in Efi Partitions list -> Mount Partition -> Open Partition) Copy the EFI folder to desktop. Go back to Clover Configurator, unmount the EFI partition of the flash drive and mount and open the EFI partition of internal disk. Move the EFI folder from Desktop to EFI partition of the internal disk. Eject the flash drive. Move all Kexts from EFI partition of internal disk to /Library/Extensions and make kext cache, with those commands in Terminal: sudo mv -R /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/kexts/10.15/* /Library/Extensions/ sudo chmod -R 755 /Library/Extensions sudo chown -R root:wheel /Library/Extensions sudo kextcache -i / Restart the system. It's done! System Updates 10.15.1 Updated without changing or updating anything. 10.15.2 Before install, update the following kexts: - VirtualSMC.kext and all kexts and VirtualSmc.efi. I used version 1.0.9. - Lilu.kext. I used version 1.4.0. - WhateverGreen.kext. I used version 1.3.5. - AppleALC.kext. I used version 1.4.4. - VoodooPS2Controller.kext. I used version 2.1.0. (all download links above) Download the latest CLOVERX64.efi.zip build. I used version 5100. Mount EFI partition and unzip to: - /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/CLOVERX64.efi - /Volumes/EFI/EFI/BOOT/BOOTX64.efi (rename the copy of CLOVERX64.efi to BOOTX64.efi Install update. Will reboot at least four time. And last but not least I would like to thank the following community members, by making these dream possible:@crushers, @snatch, @apianti, @blackosx, @blusseau, @dmazar, @slice2009, @autumnrain, @phpdev32, @EMlyDinEsH, @RehabMan, @Scellow, @mitch_de, @Shailua, @Andy Vandijck, @maxfierke, @ArturXXX, @LexHimself, @brumas, @"Sniki", @Mieze, @headkaze and all others members involved directly or indirectly. Attachments SSDT-L440.aml config.plist VoodooHDA.kext.zip VoodooPS2Controller.kext.zip Filevault 2 additional drivers.zip
  2. [GUIDE] Fix Insyde H2O BIOS signature (5 beeps on Lenovo) I recently bought a Lenovo L440 laptop to install the Mojave macOS and I replaced the wireless card with the DW1560 because the current one is not compatible. I discovered that there was a whitelist of enabled cards that manufacturers are adopting recently (in my case it uses a Phoenix Insyde BIOS H2O). I searched the BIOS Modding forums and found people who did the patch for me. But after replacing the BIOS I noticed that the computer keep beeping 5 times every time I boot. So, I went deeper into this issue and that's when I figured out how to solve it. Then I created this guide based on the information I found in some Russian forums. Preface When the BIOS integrity test fails, some Intel AMT functionality stops working and a sequence of 5 whistles is issued twice at boot. After modifying to remove whitelist (enable unauthorized WI-FI cards), unlock MSR 0xe2 (hackintosh), enable advanced menu, etc. the BIOS will not pass the integrity test causing this problem. This integrity check is done through the RSA signature of the BIOS block called TCPABIOS (more information below) with the public key in modulus 3 format also stored in the BIOS. This TCPABIOS block stores the checksums of each BIOS volume. What we will do is generate new checksum for those volumes that have been modified, generate a RSA (private and public) key pair, sign that block with the private key, and replace the public key. Tools needed - EFITool NE alpha 54: https://github.com/LongSoft/UEFITool/releases - HxD 2.1.0: https://mh-nexus.de/en/hxd/ - OpenSSL: http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/openssl.htm (Download -> Binaries) - Microsoft File Checksum Integrity Verifier (FCIV.exe): https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=11533 Step by step Let's open the modified BIOS, locate the TCPABIOS block and understand its anatomy. 1. Open the BIOS with HxD (We will use the modded BIOS in the MyDigitalLife.com forum by the Serg008 user for the Lenovo B590 laptop in this guide) 2. Find the word TCPABIOS: 3. The block starts with TCPABIOS and ends before TCPACPUH 4. Anatomy: 54 43 50 41 42 49 4F 53 48 31 38 34 61 31 31 2F 32 36 2F 31 33 49 42 4D 53 45 43 55 52 00 FD 27 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 27 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF 83 04 D4 52 52 95 C5 D7 21 55 78 0E 5C AD 47 EE C4 3D 1D C1 EC 69 03 2B 51 A5 42 61 96 22 F9 7B 88 57 B7 A8 9D D0 20 DB 5B 11 10 55 07 84 6C 62 DF FA 2F 6A A8 43 0C 8A 40 AF 79 0D 31 DB 5A 5D C8 2F EB F8 7C 87 B0 A6 3D 2A 88 AE 91 9D 88 E3 AA 85 E3 5A B3 91 7F 28 68 1F BA 92 C4 7E 10 F5 1A 7E 75 A9 6F CE C0 4F BA FA 79 A5 98 2B 50 60 BA 09 73 7B 03 D1 0C 3E A2 9C 44 DF E9 F2 92 34 7B Gray: Name and Block Information Red: Volume Information (Checksum and Header) Blue: Separation of the list of volumes and the block signature Green: Signature of the TCPABIOS block are the last 128 bytes List of Volumes: Each volume has the format: 00 FD 27 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00 (Prefix 3 bytes + checksum 20 bytes + offset 4 bytes + volume size 6 bytes + end delimiter 6 bytes) The volumes are enumerated and use the first byte in the prefix for this (00 FD 27), starting at 0. The BIOS used in this example has only one volume, but in the case of more than one volume, it would be: 00 FD 27 .., 01 FD 27 ..., 02 FD 27 ... - Checksum is SHA1 calculation of the volume. - Offset is the volume position within the BIOS. The bytes are inverted, in this case it would be 00 00 00 48, equals to 48h - Volume Size is also with the bytes inverted, then: 1F18CEh Then that's it. We need to correct this information (checksum, offset and size) 5. To extract the volumes open the BIOS with the UEFITool and see how to identify the volumes (our example there is only one volume if there were others would also be inside EfiFirmwareFileSystemGuid): In the original BIOS, circled in red we can see our volume. Note that in blue we have offset and green the size. Exactly as we checked up on HxD. In the modified BIOS we see that the size is different: Original: 1F18CEh Modified: 1F12D5h (we'll need this later) 6. Let's extract this volume to calculate the checksum by choosing the "Extract as is ..." 7. Use this command to get the checksum of this volume: fciv.exe -sha1 File_Volume_image_FvMainCompact.ffs Now we have the checksum that is 396e0dc987219b4369b1b9e010166302ce635202 8. Replace the information in the TCPABIOS block: Note that the volume size must have the bytes inverted, so if the total is 6 bytes and is 1F12D5h, becomes D5 12 1F 00 00 00 in place of CE 18 1F 00 00 00. If the offset is different, also perform the same process by inverting the bytes. Checksum change from 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 to 39 6E 0D C9 87 21 9B 43 69 B1 B9 E0 10 16 63 02 CE 63 52 02 Do this for each volume in the BIOS. 9. Now we need to generate the checksum of the whole TCPABIOS block but without considering the last 131 bytes, that is to dismiss FF FF 83 + 80 bytes from the previous signature. Copy to a new file in HxD and save as tcpabios Use the command to generate the checksum of this block: fciv.exe -sha1 tcpabios Checksum of TCPABIOS block: 0da6715509839a376b0a52e81fdf9683a8e70e52 Create a new file in HxD and add 108 bytes with 00 and paste the checksum at the end and save as tcpabios_hash, thus: 10. Now let's generate the RSA private key with modulus 3: openssl genrsa -3 -out my_key.pem 1024 Sign the file tcpabios_hash: openssl rsautl -inkey my_key.pem -sign -in tcpabios_hash -raw > tcpabios_sign Now enjoy to generate the public key: openssl rsa -in my_key.pem -outform der -pubout -out my_key_pub.der And generate public key modulus 3: openssl rsa -pubin -inform der -in my_key_pub.der -text -noout Copy and paste the key into a text file to use soon. Remove all ":" and put everything on a single line, thus: 11. Open the tcpabios_sign file in HxD, copy the contents and replace the signature at the end of the TCPABIOS block: 12. Now let's locate the location of the public key in the BIOS and replace it. This key starts with 12 04 and ends with 01 03 FF and is after the TCPABBLK block. The key looks like this: 12 04 + 81 bytes + 01 03 FF. Search for 01 03 FF to locate more easily. Verify that before the 81 bytes have bytes 12 04 to make sure you found. Now substitute for the public key that was annotated in the text file previously, thus: Save and you're ready. Your BIOS is signed and ready.
  3. Installing macOS Mojave on Lenovo ThinkPad L440 There are two version of this laptop: - 20AS = Chipset QM87, without Express Card (mine). - 20AT = Chipset HM86, with Express Card. I strong believe is the same thing... Changelog: 07/30/2019 14:56h GMT-0 - Fixed typo in credits. Thanks @"Sniki" 06/09/2019 14:16h GMT-0 - Added missing parts in the post-install step. 06/04/2019 17:19h GMT-0 - Updated Clover link. 06/02/2019 18:08h GMT-0 - Added info about update 10.14.5. 03/13/2019 13:15h GMT-0 - Updated info about touchpad replacement and CPU and 4G LTE modem. 02/05/2019 18:47h GMT-0 - Updated info about CPU replacement and 4G LTE modem. 02/04/2019 15:24h GMT-0 - Sometimes the VoodooHDA.kext doesn't work. - Added AppleHDADisabler.kext to fix that (attached bellow). 01/24/2019 14:42h GMT-0 - Added more adjustments to use of VoodooHDA. - Updated VoodooHDA links to 2.9.1 official (without installer). - Changed PCM volume from 90 to 180 in Info.plist (attached modified VoodooHDA.kext bellow) - Updated SSDT-L440.aml (Removed HDEF and HDAU, not needed). - Updated config.plist (Changed to user Audio layout to 1). 01/22/2019 20:47h GMT-0 - I gave up on the AppleALC. - Headset does not work. - Now with VoodooHDA is perfect and the sound even louder. 01/22/2019 14:37h GMT-0 - Added info about update 10.14.3. 01/22/2019 13:46h GMT-0 - Added link to BIOS reassing guide. 01/20/2019 11:49h GMT-0 - First version. What works and what does not - Processor: Intel Core i5-4300M -> Work. All SpeedStep stages.- Video Card: Intel HD4600 -> Work. QE/CI and Metal.- Chipset: Intel QM87 -> Work.- Mini DisplayPort -> Work. But no audio, yet. - VGA -> Not work. Normal. - Audio: ALC292 -> Work. - WiFi/Bluetooth: Intel AC 7260 -> Not work. Replaced with DW1560 (need whitelist removal). - Ethernet: Intel I217-LM -> Work. - Card Reader: Realtek RTS5227 -> Not work. - Keyboard and Touchpad -> Work.- Webcam -> Work. - Fingerprint Reader -> Not work. Normal. - USB3.0 -> Work.- Sleep -> Work. - Airdrop, Handoff, Instant Hotspot and Continuity -> Work after replaced wireless. Extras - FullHD 1920x1080 display upgrade: Replaced with AU Optronics B140HAN01.1 30pin eDP (B140HAN01.2 and B140HAN01.3 also compatible). Apparently same screen as Dell Latitude E6440, E7440, Lenovo Ideapad U430 and E129. - CPU upgrade: Replaced the stock Intel Core i5 4300M 2.6Ghz (3.3Ghz turbo) 6M cache with Intel Core i7 4700MQ 2.4Ghz (3.4Ghz turbo) 6MB. I initially had problems with overheating. The processor ran at full load above 90 degrees. After using a quality thermal paste I can work between 70 and 80 degrees. Acceptable taking into consideration that the new processor has 47TDP versus 37TDP which is recommended. I also had no problem consuming the battery while charging. The original 65W source seems to have figured out. - Touchpad upgrade: Replaced the stock with T460 touchpad. This is serious: you have to do it! It should be stock. Touchpad with precision and absurd quality! Just do it! - RAM upgrade: No mistery here. Just upgade. Todo - Make DP audio work. - Make Card Reader work. - Upgrade CPU to i7-4712MQ (Ordered. It's on the way) Done, but received i7-4700MQ (47w TDP, with good paste I have no overheating) - Replace touchpad with T460 model (Ordered. It's on the way) Done. Sensitivity and perception of quality much better. I recommend 100%! - Sierra Gobi5000 4G LTE modem EM7355 (Ordered. It's on the way. I hope works. ) Done, but not work. Recognize but not connect. I already gave up... - Upgrade to 16GB RAM Done - Make trackpad appear in System Preferences What you need to install- Running install of macOS- One USB flash drive of 8GB or bigger- macOS Mojave install app- Clover EFI - Clover Configurator - Some KEXTs and SSDT patchesHow create create the install flash drive Prepare install flash drive Format the flash drive with GUID partition mapping and name it "Install".- Open Disk Utility.- Click in View, then "Show All Devices".- Select the destination flash drive, then Erase.- Name: Install, Format: Mac OS Extended (Journaled) and Scheme: GUID Partition Map Create install flash driveOpen terminal and run this command: sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Mojave.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/Install --nointeraction This will take about 30 minutes. Install bootloaderDownload the CloverEFI from SourceForge (used 4934) and install with this options on "Install macOS Mojave": - Install for UEFI booting only- Install Clover in the ESP- UEFI Drivers - ApfsDriverLoader-64- UEFI Drivers - AptioMemoryFix-64 Make things worksWill be created a partition named EFI and mounted in Desktop. - Replace the /Volumes/EFI/CLOVER/config.plist with mine attached below If you have modded BIOS with Advanced Menu and enabled 128MB DRAM-prealloc use 128MB_DRAM-prealloc_config.plist.zip If no, then use 32MB_DRAM-prealloc_config.plist.zip - Put SSDT-L440.aml attached below in /Volumes/EFI/CLOVER/ACPI/patched/ Generate your Serial, MLB and SmUUID - Open the replaced config.plist with Clover Configurator (used 5.3.2.0) - Go to SMBIOS, click few times in "Generate New" in Serial Number and SmUUID. Download those Kexts and put in /EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other/ - Download the HWSensors 3 from here. I used the FakeSMC.kext, ACPIMonitor.kext and IntelCPUMonitor.kext inside of DMG version r196. - Download the VoodooPS2Controller.kext from here. I used version 2018-1008. - Download the IntelMausiEthernet.kext from here. I used the version 2018-1031. - Download the Lilu.kext from here. I used the version 1.3.6. - Download the VoodooHDA from here. I used the version 2.9.1 and patched the sound volume (attached below). - Download the WhateverGreen.kext from here. I used the version 1.2.9. - Download the AppleBacklightFixup.kext from here. I used the version 2018-1013. - Download the USBInjectAll.kext from here. I used the version 2018-1108. - Download the ACPIBatteryManager.kext from here. I used the version 2018-1005. - Download the VirtualSMC.kext from here. I used version 1.0.2. Replaced with FakeSMC of the HWSensors 3 r196 package. - Download the FakeSMC.kext from here. I used the version 2018-0915. Replaced with VirtualSMC.kext due 10.14.4 issues on update. - Download the AppleALC.kext from here. I used the version 1.3.4. Replaced with VoodooHDA.kext due mic not working. Wifi and Bluetooth (DW1560 / BCM94352Z) Unfortunately, some notebook manufacturers are currently blocking the replacement of wireless cards. They want you to only use the models sold by them. And of course, none of them from Lenovo for this notebook model is compatible with MacOS. If you try to start with an unauthorized wifi card for them, you will receive a screen error: 1802: Unauthorized network card is plugged in - Power off and remove the network card. Since this check is done directly in the BIOS, the only solution is to modify it. But since nothing is easy in this life, there is one small big problem: - The BIOS update procedure does not allow you to use modded files as it used to be. - You will need to physically reach your BIOS on the motherboard and make use of a USB BIOS reader/writer. So what you need to do: 1. Disassembly your laptop; 2. Dump your BIOS with an USB BIOS reader with SOIC8 clip (to not desolder from the motherboard); 3. Patch it (In addition to removing the whitelist, add the advanced menu); 4. Fix RSA signature; 5. Reflash BIOS; 6. Replace wireless card; 7. Remount your laptop; 8. Done. Soon, I'll provide step by step in this process. Probably until end of this week. In the meantime, if you need to, send me your dump that I do steps 3 and 4 for you. I also add the Advanced Menu so you can increase to 128MB the DRAM-prealloc. To fix a Modded BIOS to remove the 5 beeps on boot, you need this guide: https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/topic/337333-guide-fix-insyde-h2o-bios-signature-5-beeps-on-lenovo (traduzido: pt-BR) After replaced the wireless card. Download those Kexts and put in /EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other/ - Download the AirportBrcmFixup.kext from here. I used the version 2.0.0. - Download the BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext and BrcmPatchRAM2.kext from here. I used the version 2018-0505. - Download the BT4LEContinuityFixup.kext from here. I used the version 1.1.2. Now you can start the instalation without problem (I guess). How install UEFI Setup Configuration and InstallationUEFI configuration My BIOS is the latest: 1.93 (J4ET93WW) - Shutdown and insert the flash drive.- Power on with F1 pressed to enter BIOS setup.- Change value: Config - Intel(R) AMT - Intel(R) AMT Control to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Security Chip to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Anti-Theft - Intel(R) AT Module Activation to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Anti-Theft - Computrace to DISABLED - Change value: Security - Secure Boot to DISABLED - Change value: Startup - UEFI/Legacy Boot to BOTH, Legacy First and CSM Support = Yes - Save & Exit Setup (F10) - Now, hold the F12 - In the list, select your flash drive. The installer will start. Format destination diskFormat the disk with GUID partition mapping and name it "Macintosh".- Select Disk Utility in the list, then press Continue.- Click in View, then "Show All Devices".- Select the destination Disk, then Erase.- Name: HD, Format: APFS and Scheme: GUID Partition MapClose Disk Utility.Select "Install macOS", then Continue.Follow instructions in screen.After installAfter first part install the system will reboot. Maybe you have to press F12 again and select the flash drive.The second part of the installation will begin. This will take 16 minutes. Post installationInstall bootloader When the second part of install finish, the system will reboot again.After performing the user initial setup and go to the desktop, you need to install Clover on internal disk.Open the Clover installer inside flash drive that you copied before.Use same options above but choose the system partition this time.Now you need to replace the EFI folder inside your destination disk EFI parittion, with EFI folder inside flash card EFI partition.If the flash drive EFI partition of your destination disk or flash drive is unmounted: Mount with terminal "sudo diskutil mount /dev/rdiskXs1". To know what X is, use "diskutil list", most likely is 0 for destination disk and 1 for flash drive. Then, eject the flash drive. Last step Move all Kexts from EFI partition to /Library/Extensions, with those commands in Terminal: sudo mv -R /Volumes/EFI/EFI/CLOVER/kexts/Other/* /Library/Extensions/ sudo chmod -R 755 /Library/Extensions sudo chown -R root:wheel /Library/Extensions sudo kextcache -i / Restart the system. It's done! Updates System update 10.14.3 - Updated with success; - Everything works perfectly after reboot; System update 10.14.4 - Updated Clover to 4910. - Updated Lilu.kext to 1.3.5 and WhateverGreen to 1.2.7. - After first reboot the update progress stoped with: GTrace synchronization point 4 Unsupported CPU Unsupported PCH hmm.. mismatch sizes: 3100 vs 20 It was still possible to start the previous installation, selecting "Macintosh" as opposed to "macOS Install" in Clover. So I created a flash drive with Clover 4910 and put only my config.xml, SSDT-L440.aml, the updated Lilu.kext and WhateverGreen.kext. And I decided to test VirtualSMC instead of FakeSMC.kext. With this I was able to install update 10.14.4. After installation I can boot normally, even with FakeSMC.kext that already in /Library/Extensions. I do not know what exactly happened, but now works everything like was previously. System update 10.14.5 - Updated Clover to 4934. - Updated Lilu.kext to 1.3.6 and WhateverGreen to 1.2.9. - After first reboot the update progress stoped again (like 10.14.4 update) with: GTrace synchronization point 4 Unsupported CPU Unsupported PCH hmm.. mismatch sizes: 3100 vs 20 It was still possible to start the previous installation, selecting "Macintosh" as opposed to "macOS Install" in Clover. I decided to rollback to FakeSMC.kext but this time with the version of HWSensors 3. Link above. With this I was able to install update 10.14.5. After installation I can boot normally. And last but not least I would like to thank the following community members, by making these dream possible:@crushers, @snatch, @apianti, @blackosx, @blusseau, @dmazar, @slice2009, @autumnrain, @phpdev32, @EMlyDinEsH, @RehabMan, @Scellow, @mitch_de, @Shailua, @Andy Vandijck, @maxfierke, @ArturXXX, @LexHimself, @brumas, @"Sniki" and all others members involved directly or indirectly. Attachments 32MB_DRAM-prealloc_config.plist.zip 128MB_DRAM-prealloc_config.plist.zip SSDT-L440.aml VoodooHDA.kext.zip AppleHDADisabler.kext.zip
  4. Good evening, I bought a plate of "wireless / bluetooth" (atheros ar5b195) for my HP DM4 2075BR, only time to install the notebook not league, I believe that hp bios forbid, have any way I get around this? is the only way I can do the wifi / bluetooth function = /
  5. [GUIA] Correção de assinatura BIOS Insyde H2O Recentemente comprei um notebook Lenovo L440 pra instalar o macOS Mojave e fui substituir a placa wireless pela DW1560 porque a atual não é compatível. Descobri que existia uma whitelist de placas permitidas que as fabricantes estão adotando recentemente (no meu caso utiliza uma bios Phoenix Insyde BIOS H2O). Procurei em fórums de BIOS MODDING e encontrei pessoas que fizeram o patch pra mim. Só que após substituir a BIOS notei que o computador ficava apitando 5 vezes todas vez que ligava e fui me aprofundar no caso. E foi aí que descobri como resolver isso e por isso criei esse guia baseado nas informações que achei em alguns fóruns russos. Prefácio Quando a BIOS falha no teste te integridade, algumas funcionalidades Intel AMT param de funcionar e é emitido uma sequência de 5 apitos duas vezes no boot. Após modificar para remover whitelist (habilitar placas WI-FI não autorizadas), destravar MSR 0xe2 (hackintosh), habilitar menu avançado, etc. a BIOS não vai passar no teste de integridade causando esse problema. Essa verificação de integridade é feita através da assinatura RSA do bloco da BIOS chamado TCPABIOS (mais informações abaixo) com a chave pública no formato modulus 3 também armazenada na BIOS. Esse bloco TCPABIOS armazena os checksums de cada volume da BIOS. O que faremos é gerar novos checkums para esses volumes que foram modificados, gerar um para de chaves RSA (privada e pública), assinar esse bloco com a chave privada e substituir a chave pública. Ferramentas necessárias - EFITool NE alpha 54: https://github.com/LongSoft/UEFITool/releases - HxD 2.1.0: https://mh-nexus.de/en/hxd/ - OpenSSL: http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/openssl.htm (Download -> Binaries) - Microsoft File Checksum Integrity Verifier (FCIV.exe): https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=11533 Passo a passo Vamos abrir a BIOS modificada, localizar o bloco TCPABIOS e entender sua anatomia. 1. Abra a BIOS no HxD (Vamos utilizar nesse guia a BIOS modificada no fórum MyDigitalLife.com pelo usuário Serg008 para o notebook Lenovo B590) 2. Busque a palavra TCPABIOS: 3. O bloco começa com TCPABIOS e termina com antes de TCPACPUH 4. Anatomia: 54 43 50 41 42 49 4F 53 48 31 38 34 61 31 31 2F 32 36 2F 31 33 49 42 4D 53 45 43 55 52 00 FD 27 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 27 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF 83 04 D4 52 52 95 C5 D7 21 55 78 0E 5C AD 47 EE C4 3D 1D C1 EC 69 03 2B 51 A5 42 61 96 22 F9 7B 88 57 B7 A8 9D D0 20 DB 5B 11 10 55 07 84 6C 62 DF FA 2F 6A A8 43 0C 8A 40 AF 79 0D 31 DB 5A 5D C8 2F EB F8 7C 87 B0 A6 3D 2A 88 AE 91 9D 88 E3 AA 85 E3 5A B3 91 7F 28 68 1F BA 92 C4 7E 10 F5 1A 7E 75 A9 6F CE C0 4F BA FA 79 A5 98 2B 50 60 BA 09 73 7B 03 D1 0C 3E A2 9C 44 DF E9 F2 92 34 7B Cinza: Nome e informações do bloco Vermelho: Informações dos volumes (Checksum e Cabeçalho) Azul: Separação da lista de volumes para a assinatura do bloco Verde: Assinatura do bloco TCPABIOS são os últimos 128 bytes Lista de Volumes: Cada volume tem o formato: 00 FD 27 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 48 00 00 00 CE 18 1F 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00 (prefixo 3 bytes + checksum 20 bytes + offset 4 bytes + tamanho do volume 6 bytes + separador do fim 6 bytes) Os volumes são enumerados e utilizam o primeiro byte no prefixo para isso (00 FD 27), começando do 0. A BIOS utilizada nesse exemplo possui somente um volume, mas no caso de mais de um volume, seria: 00 FD 27 .., 01 FD 27 ..., 02 FD 27 ... - Checksum é o cálculo SHA1 do volume. - Offset é a posição do volume dentro da BIOS. Os bytes ficam invertidos, nesse caso seria 00 00 00 48 ou seja: 48h - Tamanho do volume também está com os bytes invertidos, então: 1F18CEh Então é isso. Precisamos corrigir essas informações (checksum, offset e tamanho) 5. Para extrair os volumes abra a BIOS com o UEFITool e veja como identificar os volumes (nosso exemplo há somente um volume, se houvessem outros estariam também dentro de EfiFirmwareFileSystemGuid): Na BIOS original, circulado em vermelho podemos ver o nosso volume. Observe que em azul temos Offset e verde o tamanho. Exatamente como verificamos acima no HxD. Já na BIOS modificada vemos que está diferente o tamanho: Oridinal: 1F18CEh Modificada: 1F12D5h (vamos precisar disso mais tarde) 6. Vamos extrair esse volume escolhendo a opção “Extract as is...” 7. Utilize esse comando para obter o checkum desse volume: fciv.exe -sha1 File_Volume_image_FvMainCompact.ffs Agora temos o checksum que é 396e0dc987219b4369b1b9e010166302ce635202 8. Substitua as informações no bloco TCPABIOS: Observe que o tamanho do volume precisa ter os bytes invertidos, então se o total são 6 bytes e é 1F12D5h, fica D5 12 1F 00 00 00 no lugar de CE 18 1F 00 00 00. Se o offset for diferente, também realizar o mesmo procedimento invertendo os bytes. Checksum alterar de 34 2A 35 AB 41 26 39 E3 32 E5 B6 8A D6 49 5B 0B 77 F9 82 58 para 39 6E 0D C9 87 21 9B 43 69 B1 B9 E0 10 16 63 02 CE 63 52 02 Faça esse procedimento para cada volume na BIOS. 9. Agora precisamos gerar o checksum de todo o bloco TCPABIOS mas sem considerar os últimos 131 bytes, ou seja desconsiderar de FF FF 83 + 80 bytes da assinatura anterior. Copie para um novo arquivo no HxD e salve como tcpabios Utilize o comando para gerar o checksum desse bloco: fciv.exe -sha1 tcpabios Checksum do bloco TCPABIOS: 0da6715509839a376b0a52e81fdf9683a8e70e52 Crie um novo arquivo no HxD e adicione 108 bytes com 00 e cole o checksum no final e salve como tcpabios_sha, ficando assim: 10. Agora vamos gerar a chave privada RSA com modulus 3: openssl genrsa -3 -out my_key.pem 1024 Assinar o arquivo tcpabios_sha: openssl rsautl -inkey my_key.pem -sign -in tcpabios_hash -raw > tcpabios_sign Agora aproveite para gerar a chave publica: openssl rsa -in my_key.pem -outform der -pubout -out my_key_pub.der E gerar modulus 3 da chave pública: openssl rsa -pubin -inform der -in my_key_pub.der -text -noout Copie e cole a chave em um arquivo de texto para utilizar daqui a pouco. Remova todos os “:” e coloque tudo em uma única linha, ficando assim: 11. Abra o arquivo tcpabios_sign no HxD, copie o conteúdo e substitua a assinatura no final do bloco TCPABIOS: 12. Agora vamos localizar na BIOS o local da chave pública e substituir. Essa chave começa com 12 04 e termina com 01 03 FF e fica após o bloco TCPABBLK. A chave fica assim: 12 04 + 81 bytes + 01 03 FF. Faça uma busca por 01 03 FF para localizar mais facilmente. Verifique se antes dos 81 bytes tem os bytes 12 04 para ter certeza que achou. Agora substitua pela chave pública que ficou anotado no arquivo de texto anteriormente, ficando assim: Salve e está pronto. Sua BIOS está assinada e pronta.
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