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About 3JL

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  1. Hi all, I have been experimenting with MacOS Mojave on ESXi 6.7 and have been reasonably successful. Except that I did not manage to get the onboard video graphics working (there is no output on the attached screen via DP). Hardware: Fujitsu D3417-B2 MB with Intel Xeon E3-1245 v6 with integrated HD P630 graphics. Below some screenshots. One says "no kext loaded". Does this mean that the onboard graphics are not inherently supported? And if so, can this be circumvented? Thanks!
  2. Hi all, This was originally a post asking for the definitive guide. Since I did not get a response, I continued tinkering. I eventually was able to patch something together based on other tutorials. Below what I have done. If you run into issues or mistakes from my end, or certain steps don’t turn out to be necessary, please comment below so we can make this guide complete! Starting point ESXi 6.7 installed and working My hardware: Fujitsu D3417-B2 (Intel C236), Xeon E3-1245 v6, 32GB RAM, 1250 GB SSDs and 8 TB HDDs This guide assumes that all steps are executed on a mac; most can be done on most other operating systems as well, except for Step 3. Aim Installing fully functional version of macOS Mojave on ESXi. Why would one want this? I upgraded my server and installed ESXi (a virtualisation hypervisor) to run several operating systems side by side. Since the server is now located near my desk, I wanted to use the opportunity to also use that system as a workstation for some of my photo hobby stuff, rather than using my work MBP. High-level steps Install ESXi (not covered here) Install Unlocker Create a bootable ISO Create a new virtual machine Install macOS Install VMware Tools Required files Unlocker. Latest version verified for ESXi is v.3.0.0 (https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/files/file/964-macos-unlocker-v30-for-vmware-esxi/ ; credits to @Donk; you need to be logged in to download) MacOS Mojave (See instructions below. For this, you need a macOS machine) VMware Tools for macOS (https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/files/file/31-vmware-tools-for-os-x-darwiniso/ ; credits to @MSoK; you need to be logged in to download) Step 2: Install Unlocker Normally, macOS can only be installed on Apple hardware. The unlocker will modify ESXi to accept non-Apple hardware for macOS VMs. Using the link above, download Unlocker and upload the file to your ESXi systems Enable SSH in ESXi Open a terminal window SSH into ESXi (“ssh login_name@ESXi_IP”) Navigate to the folder where you uploaded the unlocker (datastores are located in “/vmfs/volumes/“ Unpack the Unlocker (“tar xzvf esxi-unlocker-xxx.tgz”) You may need to make the script executable. This can by done by typing “sudo chmod -x esxi-install.sh” (you will likely be asked for your password) Run the script using “./esxi-install.sh” Reboot ESXi Step 3a: Download MacOS Mojave This is easy if you have a MacOS machine. There are other sources, but I would not recommend using them for security reasons Within the Mac App Store find MacOS Mojave: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/macos-mojave/id1398502828?ls=1&mt=12 Click “Get” and the update process starts Depending on the version of macOS installed, the update process will automatically halt after download or you will need to press CMD+Q as soon as the download is finished As a result you will find a new ‘app’ in your applications folder: “Install macOS Mojave.app” Step 3b: Create a bootable ISO From the file above, we need to create a bootable ISO. Bill Plein made an excellent script for this that you can use one-on-one: https://blog.plein.org/2018/09/28/creating-a-macos-10-14-mojave-installation-iso/ Open the Textedit app and create a new file In the app’s preferences choose ‘Plain text’ as the document format Paste the script and save as “mk-mojave-iso.sh” Open a Terminal window and navigate to the folder with the script You may need to make the script executable. This can by done by typing “sudo chmod -x mk-mojave-iso.sh” (you will likely be asked for your password) Then run the script: “./mk-mojave-iso.sh” The script will run for a couple of minutes and as a result a file named “Mojave.iso” will be placed on your desktop Upload the file to ESXi NB: the file will be stored on your Desktop and hence possibly automatically synced with your iCloud, make sure to remove/delete it to save iCloud space Step 4: Create a new virtual machine Log into the ESXi web interface From the Virtual Machines section click “Create / Register VM” Click “Create a new virtual machine” Give it whatever name you like Choose “Mac OS” as the guest OS Choose “Apple Mac OS X 10.14 (64-bit)” as the guest OS version Choose the datastore you want to use I opted to use 2 cores, 100GB and 4GB in RAM Make sure to give the VM a unique MAC address by setting it to manual under Network Adapter 1 (I took the server’s MAC address and added ‘1’ to the last digit) I chose adapter type E1000e for no particular reason, other than that one was required in one of my other OSs As CD/DVD Drive 1, choose Datastore ISO file, make sure “Connect at power on” is checked and choose the bootable ISO that you uploaded Click “Finish” to create the VM Step 5: Install MacOS Run the VM you have just created If everything worked correctly, the VM will boot from the bootable ISO (The screen will say it is “attempting to start up from … Virtual SATA CDROM Drive (1.0)”). If not, the ISO file was likely not created correctly (Step 3) or it was not properly mounted in Step 4. You will see the white Apple logo and a progress bar You will be asked to select your language Then you will enter the setup menu, choose “Disk Utility” Select the “VMware Virtual S..” on the left and choose “Erase”, this will format your virtual drive. You can give it any name you want (I went traditional with “Macintosh HD”, I chose “Mac OS Extended (Journaled)” as the format and “GUID Partition Map” as the scheme). When formatted, you can continue the installation process (this mostly speaks for itself). You are asked several questions. I opted out of all things that would send data to Apple (location services, Apple ID) as I do not want to load their infrastructure with my system. Please share whether you succeeded if you have chosen otherwise. You should now be able to boot into a working version of MacOS Step 6: Install VMware Tools Finally, it is recommended to install VMware Tools. More info: https://www.vmware.com/support/ws5/doc/new_guest_tools_ws.html. It can be downloaded here: https://www.insanelymac.com/forum/files/file/31-vmware-tools-for-os-x-darwiniso/ (com.vmware.fusion.tools.darwin.zip.tar; extract and find darwin.iso) Upload Darwin.iso to an ESXi datastore Shut down the running MacOS VM (if you hadn’t done so already) Edit the settings of the VM and navigate to the CD/DVD drive: replace the MacOS bootable ISO with the Darwin.iso file Save and start the MacOS VM When started, the darwin.iso should be mounted and you should be able to install VMware Tools Acknowledgements To tinker together the above, I used (amongst others) the below: https://ithinkvirtual.com/2017/02/12/create-macos-os-x-vm-on-vmware-esxi-6-5-vmware-workstation-12-x/ (older version of macOS and ESXi) https://blog.plein.org/2018/09/28/creating-a-macos-10-14-mojave-installation-iso/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RM_YcTbsC8k (this one uses modified files from a service I do not know one can trust) Open questions / TODO’s How to realise video passthrough? Add screenshots I hope this is helpful; please share your experience so we can refine this guide if needed! Thanks! J
  3. @Advocate_HF, any progress on this? I am seeking a way to install MacOS 10.13/14 on EXSi with gpu passthrough but can't really find a structured tutorial...