As English is not my mothers tongue I don't understand everything.
Did you or did your BIOS over voltage your RAM?
I'm not fully able to relate to your problems as mentioned earlier I've never had those problems despite using OS X for years now.
ReFS was introduced by Windows 8 Server. Like Microsoft always did, they introduce new filesystems on server operating systems. But it is available at Windows 8.1 too. Currently you cannot boot ReFS filesystems though.
For your knowledge, this is what happens to your filesystem: LINK.
I would strongly recommend taking another hard drive if this happens cumulative, even if the smart status of your drive doesn't show any noticeable problems.
I did not overvoltage it. Closer to the opposite. I was using on the lowest suggested 2.20 V for 3 years.
I tested on 2.30 V too. It has heat spreader, and can take voltages up to 2.5 V.
2.4 V is the upper working limit which is written on the module. I don't think i need those high voltages, only if i would use it overclocked. This a tuning ram, so it can be turned up until 1140 Mhz or so. On that settings probably the 2.4V is needed too.
The problem with my Motherboard was from the beginning that it detects the memory as 800 Mhz, and sets Voltage to about 1.90V if it's left on auto.
That's not enough for 1066 Mhz for sure. So i turned it up to 2.20 V. And it was working ok.
Except that i had crashes from Windows 7 waking up from sleep modes after several hours.
I thought that was because of other driver problems possibly.
But now i realised, that the voltage setting was not good for cold booting and possibly wake from sleep.
I never had crashes running the system normally. Only at after waking from several hour long sleeps.
So yeah, this way 2.20 V looks like a bit too much, around 2.1 V looks enough on the speed i am using the modules.
But anyway, it should not harm the modules.
About the hard drive. I just don't think it's faulty. I am not loosing data on Windows.
As i said, only scenario i lost data on Mac was when i had to reset / shutdown.
So i don't think the hard drive is at fault.
That partition is a bit underused probably. There are two more partitions on the disk i used way more.
Ran through the article, but i don't see too much technical information.
I have tested XBench now. It's getting pretty old benchmark now as it looks. I could not run thread test, it hanged there. So i skipped that.
From what i see the speeds look ok. Random speeds look a bit slow, but it's not SSD, and points scores are not that low.
and Permission Repair
nothing serious i guess
I don't think i will have problems until i found a software which might cause another GUI crash or somethink like that.
Console is writing always something out to the disk, so logging generates constant disk usage, but i have no idea why the folders are so fragile on freezes.
I have a feeling Mavericks might delays disk actions for energy saving purposes. Like the CPU timer coalescing. This way there might be a change-buffer which is getting charged up until at one point and then being written out to the disk.
This way i could imagine why i can loose folders and files when suddenly a reset wipes every caches out, and possibly opened and unsaved files on the disk, like journalling gets also cleared.
I will check some tweaker apps which reveal hidden settings for the system, maybe i find something.
Meanwhile 10.9.1 is coming soon.
It will have graphic fixes. Will see what that means for us..